Backpacking South Africa Travel Guide
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I just spent over a month backpacking South Africa and had an absolute blast road tripping through South Africa’s diverse regions. In a month I surfed, scuba dived, hiked, kayaked, and rock climbed my way through South Africa’s dramatic topography and endless coastline. I found South Africans to be extremely welcoming and outgoing and truly fell in love with this country.

Many travellers call South Africa “Africa light” because it feels tamer than the rest of Africa, and many Western creature comforts are easily accessible. The infrastructure is modern, and most of South Africa’s roads are paved and drivable with 2WD sedans. While I agree with this sentiment, I also think it’s easy to visit South Africa and have a real African adventure at the same time!

If you want a rugged backpacking trip, venture away from the Western Cape and explore South Africa’s wilder side. If you are looking for meaningful cultural exchanges with communities far different from your own, check out some of South Africa’s remote areas, and visit communities like the Xhosa people along the Wild Coast, or the Zulu people in the KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) region.

South Africa appeals to every kind of traveller and this is a great country for backpackers. Travellers who seek adventure can trek through the Drakensberg Mountains, surf some of the world’s best breaks, or bungee jump from the world’s highest commercial bridge. Travellers who crave a holiday retreat can lounge on one of South Africa’s many beaches, or go wine tasting throughout the Western Cape. There are countless parks and reserves to view wildlife and spot Africa’s Big 5 (lions, leopards, elephants, rhinos, and buffalo). South Africa even boasts the “Big 7” because it’s possible to see great white sharks and southern white whales.

There is so much to do and see in South Africa, so I highly recommend allocating at least a month to a backpacking trip in South Africa.


Where to Go in South Africa

visit south africa to spot African wildlife
Cheetahs “spotted” in South Africa

South Africa is a huge country divided into several diverse regions. The well-trodden backpacker route consists of the Garden Route coastline across Western Cape and Eastern Cape. Cape Town and the Western Cape are generally developed and touristy, sometimes overly so.

If you just have two weeks in South Africa and want to see South Africa’s highlights, I would recommend spending a few days in Cape Town, driving through the Garden Route, and then dashing up to Kruger National Park for a few days to get a taste of one of Africa’s most popular and diverse parks. If you don’t want to get an internal flight or do the long drive to Kruger, there’s always Addo Elephant Park along the Garden Route. It’s not the most impressive, however, when you compare it to Kruger or Hluhluwe Reserve.

Another option for a two week South Africa itinerary is to skip the developed Garden Route altogether and spend your two weeks exploring South Africa’s Wild Coast in the Eastern Cape, and South Africa’s KZN region, home to wildlife parks, crocodile and hippo filled estuaries, mountains, and awesome scuba diving.

Deciding where to stay in South Africa can be a real struggle. To make it a bit easier for you, we’ve created a couple of itineraries, explaining each stop in detail, so you know what to expect.


Best Travel Itineraries for Backpacking South Africa

South Africa is a huge country, and it would truly take months to explore it. I honestly suggest a month minimum if you want to explore multiple regions, although you can tackle the famous Garden Route in two weeks.

My favorite regions of South Africa were a bit off the beaten path though, and you’re going to want to allocate some time to the amazing parks to the east and north. Plus, once you get out of Western Cape, travel times can be slower.


Backpacking South Africa 3 Week Itinerary: The Garden Route

South Africa Itinerary #1


2-4 weeks: The Garden Route

The Garden Route is an iconic road tripping route that sometimes reminded me of California’s coastline. This is South Africa’s most popular area, and many of the Garden Route towns get overcrowded during high season (December/January). For better or worst this means you’re always within striking distance of a coffee shop with wi-fi, and other modern comforts.

The N2 is the highway that parallels the coastline. Most people start in Cape Town and make their way east on the N2. Along the N2, you can hit Betty’s BayHermanus to see whales from land. Then drive to Wilderness – a beautiful beach town, and Plettenberg Bay, which is famous for surfing dolphin spotting. Knysna is a popular, developed beach town. As you go east of Knysna on the N2, you’ll hit a few more epic towns along the Garden Route, like Nature’s Valley and Storm’s River.

All of the towns I mentioned are easily accessible from the N2 highway, and if you continue you can also visit the famous surf town Jeffreys Bay until you reach Port Elizabeth.

Another option is to loop around back to Cape Town via the N62. There are some awesome towns off the N62, which I found to be more scenic than the N2. You can turn at George on the coast towards Oudtshoorn, and join the R62 via Montagu and onto the Winelands.

If you’re flying out of Cape Town, it makes sense to head East on the N2 and loop back around on the N62 (or vice-versa).

The Garden Route is famous for some of South Africa’s most iconic activities. South Africa’s shark cage diving takes place around Gansbaai and Hermanus. If you want to see the Cape’s wild penguins, I suggest stopping in Betty’s Bay 90 minutes East of Cape Town because it’s less crowded than the more famous Boulder Beach, but Boulder Beach is prettier.

You can ride ostriches in Oudtshoorn, and visit wineries throughout the N62. Bungee Jump off the highest commercial bridge near Storm’s River/Nature’s Valley.

There are also a few lesser-known game reserves along the Garden Route, like Plettenberg Bay Game Reserve and Addo Elephant Park, which is famous for its elephants and is a great example of a park that has successfully reintroduced lions.

If you only have two weeks in South Africa, I wouldn’t try to hit all of these stops, or you’ll spend more time driving than actually hanging out.

If I had to choose “must-see” towns along the Garden Route, I would pick Wilderness, Storm’s River, Hermanus (for the whale viewing from land!), one of the surf towns if you’re a surfer (Victoria Bay or Jefferey Bay), and Montagu and the Winelands.

backpacking South Africa with your own car
With your own car in South Africa, you have the freedom to explore the Garden Route | Photo by Ana Pereira


Backpacking South Africa 2 Week Itinerary #2: Wild Coast, Animals, and Mountains

South Africa Itinerary #2


2-3 Weeks: Wild Coast, Mountains, and Animals

There’s no doubt the Garden Route is beautiful, but this itinerary is much more wild. Starting in Port Elizabeth make your way east to the Wild Coast. Coffee Bay is most popular with backpackers with some great hiking, chilled out hostels, and cheap surf.

I highly suggest hiking the wild coast in the Eastern Cape region because much of it is inaccessible by car, or requires you to drive inland to reach a nearby town (the coast is too wild to build a road near it).  You can also head inland to the Southern Drakensberg Mountains for some amazing trekking.

Next head to South Africa’s third largest city, Durban. To be honest, I didn’t spent much time here, but you can continue east to KZN’s best wildlife parks near Mozambique.

Head to iSimangaliso Wetland Park and Hluhluwe, as well as South Africa’s wildest beaches and tropical coral reef, which I think are both worth visiting while backpacking in South Africa.

iSimangaliso Wetland Park protects 5 ecosystems ranging from oceans to lakes to wetlands, and is home to hippos, crocodiles, turtles, and whales – all accessible through drives, river cruises, and kayak safaris.

Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park is home to a large concentration of rhinos, as well as all of the big cats.

With an extra week, you can make the long trek up north to Kruger National Park, and fly out of Johannesburg.


Places to Visit in South Africa

Below are dozens of my favorite destinations in South Africa with some helpful information on what to do, where to stay, and how to get around!


Backpacking Cape Town

Most travellers will start or end their South Africa’s travels in Cape Town, Africa’s most Southern city. It’s an incredible city full of culture, good food, and a fun bar scene (check out Long Street). Despite all of that, I think Cape Town’s nature and outdoor opportunities are what set it apart from other cities because the city itself sits at the base of the iconic Table Mountain National Park as well as other peaks like Lion’s Head. There are dozens of beaches within 15 minutes of the city center that cater to different vibes (young people, families, relaxing, surf, etc.)

It’s a great city to explore for a few days. Some of Cape Town’s must-do attractions are visiting Robben Island, hiking one of Cape Town’s famous peaks, and chilling out at one of Cape Town’s many beaches. Most people recommend checking out the V&A Waterfront, but in my opinion, it’s not really worth it, especially if you’re short on time. It’s just a very generic, touristy marina area with overpriced food. It kind of reminds me of Pier 39 in San Francisco. Instead, photographers should check out Bo Kaap and its brightly colored homes for a more unique experience. Check out this post for info on whale watching tours from Cape Town. 

I highly recommend staying in Cape Town’s hip Woodside or Observatory neighborhoods. We found an affordable Airbnb cheaper than 2 dorm beds would be elsewhere.

Tip: Make sure you hike up Lion’s Head for sunrise or sunset because it offers 360 degree views of Cape Town with Table Mountain in the backdrop! To find accommodation near Table Mountain, our guide of where to stay in Cape Town has plenty of amazing options.

Book you Cape Town Hostel Here

best places to see in Cape Town
Cape Town surrounded by beaches and mountains


Backpacking Hermanus

Hermanus is touristy, but I really enjoyed my time here because of cliffside coastal trail. From this trail it’s possible, and highly likely, you’ll spot whales in season (July-November)! I think it’s worth spending at least one night in Hermanus for the whale sightings alone.

Book Your Hermanus Hostel Here

whale watching hermanus south africa
View from Coastal trail in Hermanus. There are whales just below! | Photo by Ana Pereira


Backpacking Wilderness

Wilderness was my favorite town along the N2. Sure, it’s developed and affluent, but it was a great place to spend a few days. Plus it never felt crowded despite its popularity. Wilderness boasts a beautiful coastline as well as estuaries and lagoons, making this a great place for hiking and kayaking, as well as surfing.

I recommend renting a stand up paddle board, and paddling up the rivers, where the Kingfisher hiking trail parallels the river. You can also follow the abandoned railroad tracks through a creepy tunnel to a strangely cool house built into a cave. Here, an artist lives on-site devoting years to creating this multi-room art installation with seashells and knick knacks.

I recommend staying at Wilderness Beach House Backpackers for their ocean views, really nice owners, and bar area (fire oven made pizzas, included).

Book your Wilderness Hostel Here

wilderness town while backpacking south africa
Sunset at Wilderness’ beach | Photo by Ana Pereira


Backpacking South Africa’s Eastern Cape

As you head into Eastern Cape towards Jefferey’s Bay, a popular town known for its surf, you can also stop in Nature’s Valley, Storm’s River, and Coffee Bay. The farther East you go, the more rugged and wild the coastline becomes.

Nature’s Valley is a laid back town near the beach. Even if you just pass through, Nature’s Way Farm Stall is a must stop for morning coffee, breakfast, amazing homemade pies and pastries, and local produce.

Storms River is a great stop along the N2 between Nature’s Valley and the Wild Coast due to its close proximity to Tsitsikamma National Park and Bloukrans Bridge (the famous bungee jumping bridge). There are kayaking tours up Storms River that start from the ocean at Tsitsikamma National Park. Unfortunately, you’re not allowed to kayak this area by yourself, and must go on the tour.

Book Your Storms River Hostel Here

best hikes in south africa
Waterfall along a coastal hike from Tsitsikamma National Park | Photo by Ana Pereira


Backpacking the Wild Coast and Coffee Bay

The Wild Coast gets its name from, well, its wild coast. Keep in mind that the N2 isn’t as close to the ocean as it appears, so driving to all of the beachside towns along the Wild Coast is a trek and it’s best to ensure that you’ve packed properly for this part of your South Africa trip. You have to drive an out-and-back, windy single lane road to get to Coffee Bay, Dwesa Nature Reserve, Morgan Bay, etc.

A lot of backpackers love Coffee Bay. It’s one of the cheapest places to learn how to surf ($6 lessons with wetsuit/board rental included), and the classic Hole-in-the-Wall beach hike is scenic. If you are interested in the South African Xhosa culture, check out Coffee Bay and the Wild Coast.

If you want to see more of the Wild Coast, you can hike from Port St. Johns to Coffee Bay, and stay at backpackers or traditional Xhosa huts along the way. This is the best way to see the coast since so much of it is off-road, and the highway is 40+KM inland. The Wild Coast hike takes about 5 days at a 12KM per day pace. There are tour companies that offer guides, shuttle services, and luggage transport; you don’t have to carry camping equipment since you stay in huts/backpackers.

Book Your Coffee Bay Hostel Here

cheapest surfing in South Africa
South Africa’s cheapest surf rentals are at Coffee Shack in Coffee Bay! | Photo by Rock Slatter


Backpacking Montagu off Route 62

Route 62 is inland, and often passed up for the N2 Garden Route, but don’t miss it! There is spectacular scenery here, like Montagu’s mountain passes, dry valleys, fertile wine country, and the Little Karoo desert.

Montagu was one of my favorite places along the garden route because of its hundreds of rock climbing routes.  Justin Lawson is the local rock climbing expert, and Montagu’s go-to rock climbing guide, teacher, or gear rental hook-up.

And if you’re not a climber, Montagu has a lot of hiking opportunities throughout the canyon, like the Bloupunt Trail (16KM).

Montagu isn’t on Hostel World, but there are a few farms that offer campsites and rooms for accommodation. I loved De Bos Farm, which is walking distance from most of the trailheads. Camping costs $6 per person, and the farm itself was beautiful! If you don’t feel like cooking your own breakfast, The Barn on 62 has the best coffee and omelets.

best places to climb in South Africa
En route to the next rock climbing route in Montagu, South Africa | Photo by Ana Pereira


Backpacking Kruger National Park

Kruger is one of Africa’s most famous national parks, and South Africa’s biggest. Here, you will find Africa’s Big 5: lions, leopards, rhinos, elephants, and buffalo, along with countless more of the world’s most beautiful animals throughout three different Game Reserves.

What makes Kruger National Park special is its vast network of roads that allow visitors to self-drive the national park. This definitely isn’t possible in parks of this scale in East Africa, which is why those safaris can be so expensive.

On that note, I recommend looking into a one day guide in Kruger if you want to learn more about the animals and plants in the area. They also know the animals’ patterns and the best places to view them, and they offer specialized safaris, like leopard tracking. If you are backpacking Kruger, you’re out in the bush. Accommodation is either super luxurious and expensive, or pretty basic bush camps. There are a couple options on Hostel World, but I recommend looking up campsites on Google for more options.

Book You Kruger Hostel Here

how to visit kruger national park
Sunset at Kruger National Park in South Africa


Backpacking the Drakensberg Mountains

The Drakensberg mountain range spreads throughout the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, and the Free State. The Lower Bergs are near the Sani Pass, a road that leads into neighboring Lesotho’s mountains, and requires a 4WD high clearance car. The central bergs are known for Cathedral Peak, Cathkin Peak, and Monk’s Cowl. There are a ton of day hikes around these peaks. It’s also possible to summit them if you are in extremely good shape, and trek around on multi-day hikes.

My favorite hike to the top of Sentinel peak is located in the far north in Free State, South Africa. It’s about 12KM hike, out-and-back, and requires a climb up steep hills, and metal ladders. The views at the top of Sentinel Peak are absolutely spectacular.

Additional reading – Check out Drakensberg’s best neighborhoods to stay in!

Book Your Drakensberg Hostel Here

best hikes in south africa
Views from the top of Sentinel Peak | Photo by Ana Pereira


Backpacking the KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) Region

KZN is home to South Africa’s third largest city, Durban. This region stretches from the Drakensberg Mountains to the area bordering Mozambique and Swaziland, and it’s much less known than other areas in South Africa.

KZN hosts a few of South Africa’s coolest parks: iSimangaliso Wetland Park and Hwlulwe, as well as South Africa’s wildest beaches and tropical coral reef, which I think are both worth visiting while backpacking in South Africa.

iSimangaliso Wetland Park protects 5 ecosystems ranging from oceans to lakes to wetlands, and is home to hippos, crocodiles, turtles, and whales – all accessible through drives, river cruises, and kayak safaris.

Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park is one of Africa’s best parks to see rhinos and hippos, and it’s possible to see the Big 5 here. The park is also known for its variety of landscapes, hills, and hiking trails. We saw plenty of giraffe, impala, and zebras as well as the biggest elephants I saw in Africa! Unfortunately, its high concentration of rhinos, mostly unprotected, make this park one of rhino poachers’ most targeted reserves…

Like other remote areas in South Africa, there aren’t many options on Hostel World. You will have better luck using Airbnb.

Here are my top 5 favorite things to do in KZN.

Book Your Hluhluwe Hostel Here

wildlife in KZN, South Africa
Elephant spotted inHluhluwe-iMfolozi Park, South Africa | Photo by Ana Pereira


Backpacking Cederberg

Cederberg is home to some of Africa’s clearest night skies and coolest rock formations. We could see the milky way clear as day just 2 hours after sunset! If you’re backpacking South Africa, be sure to spend 3-4 days exploring Cederberg. Climbers will rejoice at the the hundreds of bouldering and bolted routes here, and I think the landscapes are so incredibly unique to South Africa.

One of the main campsites, Sanddrif, has a winery with a tasting room, and a brewery. Their astronomy tower is open on Saturday’s. The campsites here are wonderful, but you have to bring all of your own equipment (sleeping, cooking, etc.).

backpacking south africa photo ana pereira
Photo by Ana Pereira

If you’re travelling without car camping equipment, like I was, there’s a backpacker 20 minutes up the road called Cederberg Oasis with amazing staff that give the best local advise.

Be sure to hike Wolfberg Arch and Maltese Cross because the rock formations and landscapes are epic, and check out the Stadsaal Caves, where you can see ancient hunter-gatherer (bushmen) cave paintings. If you want to camp overnight along the hiking trails or park areas, you’ll need to grab an overnight permit in town. We were the only campers on Maltese Cross, and it was totally worth it.

Book Your Cederberg Hostel Here

best places to star gaze in south africa
Star Gazing and Camping at Maltese Cross in South Africa | Photo by Ana Pereira


Backpacking the Winelands

The most famous Wineland towns in South Africa are Stellenbosch and Franschoek, just an hour’s drive from Cape Town, and accessible from Cape Town by train. There are dozens and dozens of wine estates, wine tasting rooms, and great restaurants throughout Winelands. Some tastings are free, but the most expensive tastings are around R120 ($9ish USD) per person. (Most wineries waive the tasting fee if you buy a bottle of wine.)

For the best views, check out the wineries Uva Mira and Ernie Els in Stellenbosch. If you have a car, drive out to Fairview Farm for amazing cheese/wine pairings, and its locally produce farm stall and restaurant. For an Artisanal Salt and Wine pairing experience head to Die Bergkelder. On the way, you can stock up on high quality picnic goodies, like cheeses and jams, for a decent price.

Drive along Route 62 through Huguenot Tunnel for two hours to reach Robertson Wine Valley. For a unique experience head to South Africa’s popular Brandy Distillery for a tasting of Klipdrift.

South Africa’s Winelands are much more affordable than say, France, Italy, or California, yet the wine is world class and the scenery is just as beautiful. You can’t beat free wine tastings or an average $4USD.

Book Your Stellenbosch Hostel Here

visiting winelands south africa
Uva Mira Winery in Stellenbosch is a must stop for amazing views!


Backpacking Johannesburg

I didn’t get around to exploring Johannesburg while backpacking South Africa because I was short on time, but to be honest, Jo’Burg doesn’t have the best safety reputation. The wealth division is stark, and crime and car jacks are statistically high. Still, it’s one of South Africa’s most well known cities, and there are a lot of cool museums, restaurants, and areas to explore. There are also plenty of hostels in Johannesburg where you’re bound to meet an awesome backpacker crowd.

The Apartheid Museum is an important museum, which will help travellers understand South Africa’s era of segregation and oppression. Maboneng is a creative, innovative neighborhood with cool cafes and modern galleries.

Jo’Burg’s safety just depends on the specific area you are in. There are some areas/neighborhoods that most South Africans avoid, and others that are fine. I think there could be a lot of cool, edgy aspects of this city. If you’ve been before, comment below with any suggestions!

Additional reading – Check out Johannesburg’s 5 best neighborhoods to stay in!

Book Your Johannesburg Hostel Here

backpacking johannesburg
Johannesburg from above.


Off the Beaten Path travel in South Africa

Whilst there are so many places to stay in South Africa, it’s pretty easy to get off the beaten path while backpacking South Africa, but it’s going to require your own wheels. Basically, just get as far away from Cape Town and the Garden Route as possible. If you want to visit more remote areas of South Africa check out the KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) region, Northern Cape, Limpopo, or Mpumalanga. These are all lesser visited states in South Africa.

If you want wide open spaces and empty beaches, check out Kosi Bay close to the Mozambique border, and West Coast National Park west of Cape Town.

If you want total desolation, empty roads, wilderness, and the most impressive starry skies, head North. There are also some cool spots to visit in the NorthEast part of South Africa like Blyde River Canyon (the world’s third largest canyon), or Mapungaubwe National Park, a park as much about history and archaeology as wildlife. Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, alongside Namibia and Botswana, is known for its big cats, including cheetahs and black-maned lions.

If you are backpacking South Africa during spring, be sure to hike around Namakwa in the Northern Cape, known for its colorful wildflowers, and less crowded than the National Parks in Western Cape.

best parks in South Africa
Hiking around Golden Highlands National Park, one of South Africa’s lesser known parks | Photo by Ana Pereira



Backpacker Accommodation in South Africa

South Africa has a great “backpackers” culture that caters to budget travellers. In South Africa, hostels are called backpackers. Most of these backpacker hostels have campsites, as well as dorm rooms and private rooms to cater to every budget. In particular, Cape Town has some of the best hostels in South Africa.

I found that most campsites cost about 90-120 Rand ($6.50-9 USD), and dorm beds were anywhere from $13-$20 USD. Private rooms were significantly more, often triple the cost of a dorm bed.

There is a Couchsurfing community here, but it’s not as large or as active as in Europe. It’s also not advisable, or legal, to camp in the wild (or on the side of the road). Late night crime is a problem in South Africa, and there are plenty of wild animals out in the bush. You’re better off camping at the backpackers, where you get full-access to the backpackers’ amenities (kitchen, events, etc.)

South Africa also offers little homes away from home in from of guesthouses. Especially perfect for the homesick traveler, it’ll make you feel safe, welcome and like you’re a part of the local community. Theere are plenty of great guesthouses in South Africa, but we’ve found the best and authentic ones to be in the smaller cities.

Check Hostels in South Africa

Where to Stay in South Africa

Location:Accommodation:Why Stay Here?!
Cape TownAshanti LodgeFree WiFi, Swimming pool, central location
HermanusHermanus BackpackersFree WiFi, Swimming pool, activities, pool table, and great kitchen.
Jeffrey's BayUbuntu BackpackersFree WiFi and breakfast, and great location for surfing.
WildernessWilderness Beach House BackpackersOcean view decks, fire oven pizza, bar with pool table, and awesome staff.
Storms RiverDijembe BackpackersHelpful staff, chill bar area to meet travellers, free pancake breakfast
Plettenberg BayAlbergo BackpackersFull bar, bonfires, and BBQ set up
CederbergCederberg OasisFriendly staff, kitchen and restaurant, and swimming pool
Coffee BayCoffee ShackDaily activities, right by the beach, bar, and nightly dinners.
DurbanCuriosity DurbanFully equipped kitchen, and comfortable beds.
HluhluweIsinkwe Backpackers BushcampGreat location to access the parks.
DrakensbergInkosana BackpackersGreat hiking advise, kitchen, dining room, good campsites
Sani Pass, DrakensbergSani LodgeClose to Sani Pass and Lesotho, great hiking and activities, and swimming pool
Kruger National ParkKruger Inn BackpackersRustic safari experience, and great staff.
JohannesburgOnce in JoBurgFree WiFi and breakfast, great staff, and activities.



Top Things to Do in South Africa

South Africa has a lot of “must try” experiences you’re not going to find anywhere else in the world.


1. Go Whale Watching

While I was backpacking South Africa, we saw dozens of whales from the coastlines. There are several areas to go whale spotting, as I will highlight below.


2. Ride an Ostrich in Oudtshoorn off of Route 62.

things to do in south africa
It’s possible to ride these guys in Outstoorn!


3. Hike in the Drakensberg Mountains

Here you have plenty of options, from day hikes to week-long camping treks.

Backpacking south africa Drakensberg
Photo by Rock Slatter


4. Bungee Jump off the 216 meter high Bloukrans Bridge near Storm’s River

tallest bungee jump in the world south africa
You jump from right below that tiny car in the middle of the bridge.


5. Spot African Wildlife

South Africa is one of the six countries in the world where you can find the big 5 (lion, leopard, rhinoceros, elephant, and cape buffalo). There are countless private reserves and parks in South Africa. The most famous national parks and reserves are: Kruger National Park has all of Africa’s most famous animals, Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park has black-maned lions and cheetahs, Hluhluwe-iMfolozi boasts a high concentration of rhinos, and Addo Elephant National Park on the Garden Route has some of the world’s best elephant viewing.

where to see south africa wildlife


6. Hang Out with Wild African Penguins

Located just one hour from Cape Town City center, Boulders Beach is one of the few sites in the world where you can see wild African Penguins in a protected natural environment. The Beach is open throughout the year and it tops our list of the best places to visit in Cape Town! Entry is $11 for foreign nationals and $2 for South Africans. Visitors are not allowed to touch or swim with the Penguins.

penguins in South Africa


7. Surf and Hit the beach

There are 2,500 KM of coastline from Cape Point upwards, and plenty of tropical like beaches in the KZN region. If you are after rugged cliff sides, check out the area between Nature’s Valley and the Wild Coast. Cape Town has a ton of beach options, which can be a lot of fun during summer time.

best beaches south africa
Beaches and cliff sides in South Africa | Photo by Ana Pereira


8. Star Gaze under South Africa’s vast Open Skies

star gaze south africa
Milky Way in Cederberg, South Africa | Photo by Ana Pereira


9. Go on a Road Trip

road trip and backpacking south africa
Road trip through South Africa | Photo by Ana Pereira


South Africa Travel Tips

Below are my essential South Africa travel tips, including the best time to travel to South Africa, tons of information on how to get around, a quick guide to the food and culture, and how much to budget for your trip.

The Best Travel Backpack?!

Pssssst! Not picked the perfect travel backpack yet? The Broke Backpacker team has tried out over thirty backpacks this year! Our favourite carry on backpack is the Nomatic Travel Bag.

Read our full review!


Books to Read While Travelling South Africa

These are the top books you should read before backpacking South Africa:

The Backpacker Bible – Get it for free! Learn how to ditch your desk and travel the world on just $10 a day whilst building a life of long-term travel with an online income. To inspire and help the next generation of Broke Backpackers, you can now grab ‘How to Travel the World on $10 a Day’ for free! Get your copy here. 

Long Walk to Freedom, by Nelson Mandela and Richard Stengel: Mandela’s famous prison diaries that were smuggled off Robben Island.

Burger’s Daughter (1979), by Nadine Gordimer: Set in the mid 1970s, this historical novel follows the life of Rosa Burger, whose father was an anti-apartheid activist in the South African Communist Party.

Disgrace (1999), by J.M. Coetzee: Set in post-apartheid South Africa, the story is about a middle-aged white professor at a Cape Town university, who is dismissed for having a relationship with a student.

Country of My Skull (1998), by Antjie Krog: A book about the real testimonies of apartheid victims and oppressors as discovered by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC). The TRC was assembled in South Africa after the abolition of apartheid in 1994.

Cry, The Beloved Country (1948), by Alan Paton: A story about a Zulu pastor and his son before the apartheid was legalized.

Lonely Planet: South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland Edition: A detailed guide to all things South Africa.


Pssst! Headed on a beach vacation? Check out our complete packing list for the beach! 


Afrikaan Travel Phrases

South Africa is a diverse nation with 11 official languages: Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa and Zulu.

Most locals are multilingual as the school curriculum requires students to learn at least three languages. During the Apartheid regime, schools mostly taught in Afrikaans hence its one of the most spoken languages, followed by English and Zulu.

Welcome – Welkom

Hello – Hallo

Yes – Ja

No – Nee

Sorry – Jammer

Please – Asseblief

I don’t know – Ek weet nie

How are you? – Hoe gaan dit met jou? 

No plastic bag - Geen plastiek sak

No straw please - Geen strooi asseblief

No plastic cutlery please - Geen plastiek eetgerei asseblief

Where are you from? - Waarvandaan kom jy?

Excuse me - Verskoon my!

How much is this? - Hoeveel kos dit?

How much is a beer? - Hoeveel is 'n bier?


Staying Safe in South Africa

Car jacks and armed robberies are somewhat common in South Africa, especially in the cities, so it’s important to use common sense while backpacking South Africa. Check out Backpacker Safety 101 for tips and tricks to stay safe whilst backpacking, and pick yourself up a backpacker security belt to keep your cash safe on the road.

Keep your windows rolled up and car locked at intersections, and try to park your car near a security guard (they are usually wearing bright yellow vests, and tip $1-2).

Enjoy South Africa’s nightlife, but never walk alone at night. Make sure to stay in a group, and honestly just avoid the streets after 2am. I met quite a few travellers who were mugged after this time.

Understand that the cities, especially Jo’Burg, have neighborhoods notorious for being extremely dangerous. Just avoid walking in these areas altogether, and use Uber instead. Ask your hostel management and locals which neighborhoods are less safe to visit.

Tip: Never let anyone assist you at ATMs. This is a well used scam, where someone steals your PIN and card. We met a couple travellers this happened to along the Garden Route.

Our Is South Africa Safe? post is well worth 15 minutes of your time.

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Sex, Drugs and Rock ‘n’ Roll in South Africa

South Africans love their beer, and it’s easy to find a party anywhere. Castle and Black Label are the most popular beers in South Africa, but the microbrew trend is becoming more popular throughout the country. You can find craft brews and ciders pretty much anywhere.

Wine is also extremely popular, and affordable here since South Africa makes amazing wine! Dry whites are especially good in South Africa, so try the signature Pinotage (a grape that only grows in South Africa).

Party drugs are prevalent in cities like Johannesburg and Cape Town. It is not a criminal offence for an adult citizens to use, possess or grow cannabis in private for personal consumption. You can find nightclubs open until sunrise in Cape Town, Durban, Jo’burg, Port Elizabeth, etc.

All of the cities cater to all the night life varieties: Raves, pubs, jazz clubs, wine bars, and breweries; you name it.

Best parties in South Africa


Travel Insurance for South Africa

A wise man once said that if you can’t afford travel insurance, you can’t really afford to travel – so do consider backpacker insurance sorted before you head off on an adventure! Traveling without insurance would be risky. I highly recommend World Nomads.

I have been using World Nomads for some time now and made a few claims over the years. They’re easy to use, offer the widest coverage, and are affordable. Also, this is the only company I know of that lets you buy travel insurance after leaving on a trip.

If there’s one insurance company I trust, it’s World Nomads. Find out why I recommend World Nomads, check out my World Nomads Insurance review.

Getting an estimate from World Nomads is simple – just click the button or image below, fill out the necessary info, and you’re on your way!

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What to Pack for South Africa

On every adventure, there are six things I never go traveling without:

AR Security Belt

1. Security Belt with Hidden Pocket: I never hit the road without my security belt. This is a regular looking belt with a concealed pocket on the inside – you can hide up to twenty notes inside and wear it through airport scanners without it setting them off. This is hands down the best way to hide your cash.


 2.Travel Water Bottle: Always travel with a water bottle – it’ll save you money and reduce your plastic footprint on our planet. AR bottle are tough, lightweight and maintain the temperature of your beverage – so you can enjoy a cold red bull, or a hot coffee, no matter where you are. For every AR bottle sold, we donate 10% to – an initiative to reduce plastic in our oceans!


AR microfibre towel

3. Microfibre TowelIt’s always worth packing a proper towel. Hostel towels are scummy and take forever to dry. Microfibre towels dry quickly, are compact, lightweight and can be used as a blanket or yoga mat if need be.


Headlamp4. Headtorch: Every backpacker should have a head torch! A decent head torch could save your life. If you want to explore caves, unlit temples, or simply find your way to the bathroom during a blackout, a headtorch is a must. Currently, I’m using the Petzl Actik Core rechargeable headlamp – an awesome piece of kit! Because it’s USB chargeable I never have to buy earth polluting batteries.


Hammock for backpackers5.HammockTaking a tent backpacking is not always practical but hammocks are lightweight, cheap, strong, sexy (chicks dig hammocks) and allow you to pitch up for the night pretty much anywhere. Right now, I’m rocking an Active Roots parachute hammock – it’s light, colourful and tough.


Active roots Toiletry bag6. Toiletry Bag: I always travel with a hanging toiletry bag as it’s a super efficient way to organise your bathroom stuff. Well worth having, whether you are hanging it from a tree whilst camping, or a hook in a wall, it helps to have quick access to all your stuff.


When backpacking South Africa, I suggest you bring camping gear to cut your accommodation costs in half. Check out Will’s detailed post on the best tents to take backpacking. There are a ton of trekking opportunities in South Africa, so bring a daypack, Grayl Geopress, and water bottle!

For plenty of more inspiration on what to pack, check out our full backpacking packing list.

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Best Time to Travel to South Africa

There isn’t a bad time to visit South Africa because every season offers something unique and wonderful.

Winter: Winter takes place from June to August. The waters are coldest during this time, especially on the Atlantic side. Inland and Northern Cape temperatures are comfortable for hiking. Many wildlife parks are in their cooler, dry season. This is the best time to visit if you want to see whales (June-November)! August also marks the beginning of South Africa’s short-lived wildflower season.

Spring:  Shoulder season in South Africa takes place from September-November. This is a great time to visit because you can catch the end of wildflower and whale watching season without the crowds, and the weather and water start to warm up towards the end. Many of the parks are at their driest, making it easier to spot wildlife.

Summer: December/January is high season in South Africa. It’s going to be more expensive and crowded during this time, but if you’re a surfer, want to sun bathe, or like to party, this is the best time to backpack South Africa. This is the best time to visit Cape Town and other areas in Western Cape if you’re after the sun! On the other hand, the desert, Cederberg, KZN, and Durban are uncomfortably hot.

Fall: March through May is the best time to go hiking in the Drakensberg Mountains, where temperatures are comfortable and the hills are at their greenest. April is also when AfrikaBurn takes place (like Nevada, USA’s Burning Man).

beautiful coast whale watching hermanus
A cool spring day in South Africa


Useful apps to download for backpacking in South Africa

Below are the most useful apps I used while backpacking South Africa:

Maps.Me – Prone to getting lost or taking that ‘shortcut’ that adds another few hours onto a simple walk? This app is definitely for you. My favourite offline maps app, download your map and route before you venture out to keep you on track while backpacking Myanmar.

XE Currency – I used this a lot when backpacking Myanmar. It is a great help while calculating expenses.

HIDE.ME –  I always have a VPN ready to go on both my phone and laptop, I personally use Hide Me which is one of the fastest and most reliable options out there. This particular VPN allows for up to five connections which is handy for keeping all your devices connected without having to purchase multiple VPN packages.

Uber – Cheaper and safer than taxis.

My CiTi Bus – This app helps you find your nearest My Citi bus station in Cape Town, and provides up to the minute bus times and fares.


South Africa Travel Guide to Getting Around

You can fly into South Africa via its two international airports: OR Tambo International Airport (Jo’Berg) and Cape Town International Airport.

If you are backpacking South Africa overland as I was, there are several land border crossings from South Africa’s neighboring countries: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique, which I cover in the Onwards travels from South Africa section at the bottom.


Entry Requirements for South Africa

Travellers from most Western countries can enter South Africa with a free 90 day visa on arrival. This applies to most European countries, USA, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Japan, and the UK.

As always, make sure you check your passport for the right stamp and dates, especially at land crossings! I was given a 30 day visa at the Zimbabwe border by mistake, which almost led to a dicey detainment at the airport, but that’s another story.

When backpacking South Africa, you may be asked to show your yellow fever vaccine certificate if you have recently travelled in a yellow-fever area, so make sure to have it on hand!


How to Travel in South Africa

This country is built for road tripping, and the easiest way to get around is with your own wheels. Having your own car will give you the freedom and flexibility to explore South Africa as it was meant to be explored. There are a lot of remote areas and parks worth visiting in South Africa that are hard to get around via public transportation. You can rent a 2wd manual transmission for as little as $10/day. Split between a couple or more, renting a car in South Africa is quite affordable.

If you plan to drive around Africa for more than a couple months, you should look into buying a car. Jo’burg is going to be one of the cheapest places to buy a car.

Intercape and Greyhound are the most comfortable bus companies for long distance travel between South Africa’s major cities and towns. As for local transport, there are bus services in all of South Africa’s cities, and minibus taxis that run almost everywhere (stopping in the middle of the highways to pick people up).

Backpackers in the Western Cape, Eastern Cape, and Drakensberg Area can use Baz Bus, which offers hop-on, hop-off fares specifically to travellers backpacking South Africa. I heard mixed reviews about Baz Bus. You can meet a lot of cool travellers, but it’s not as flexible as having your own transport.

If you decide to hitchhike in South Africa, be careful, and try to hitch rides from hostels. There are a lot of ride share/carpool apps in South Africa, like Find a Lift, and Car Pool that are safer.


Campervan Hire in South Africa

Want to experience South Africa from the comfort of your very own campervan? Campervan hire in South Africa is easy and straightforward. Renting a self-contained campervan is your key to the ultimate African road trip! There might not be a better way to experience this epic country…

coastline betty's bay backpacking south africa
Pathway along the coastline at Betty’s Bay on the Garden Route | Photo by Ana Pereira


Motorcycling South Africa

South Africa is a great country for a road trip, which makes it a great country for motorcycling. The roads are generally well maintained. Whether you’re driving a car or motorcycle, I highly recommend taking the Oceanside Route 44 from Cape Town to Hermanus for beautiful ocean views. We saw several breaching whales from this highway!

The only drawback about renting a motorcycle in South Africa are the expensive rental prices. The cheapest price I’ve seen is $60 USD a day, but $100+ is more common, but the price per day decreases the longer you rent a car or motorcycle.

Garden Route detour backpacking South Africa
View from the Route 44 on the way to Hermanus, South Africa | Photo by Ana Pereira


Onwards Travel from South Africa

Many backpackers travel onwards to Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique or Zimbabwe. I’ve listed the border crossings by country:

Namibia: To South Africa’s West you can cross into South Africa from Namibia. Visas should be hassle free and if you’re looking for an adventure, I highly recommned you backpack through Namibia.

  • Alexancer Bay – Along the Atlantic coast, you can enter by ferry (2017)
  • Nakop – This border is open 24 hours a day.
  • Rietfontien – Just South of Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, near Botswana.

Botswana: Botswana has 15 different border posts. Some require 4WD high clearance cars. Most can get a visa on arrival. Main border crossings include:

  • Kopfontein Gate/Tlokweng Gate – Next to Madikwe Game Reserve
  • Skilpadshek Gate – Northwest of Zeerust
  • Twee Rivieren – At the entrance to Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park in the NorthWest.

Mozambique: If you plan to go backpacking in Mozambique, be sure to sort out your visa needs beforehand, as I’ve heard it can be difficult (and expensive).

  • Giriyondo – Between Kruger National Park and Massingir.
  • Pafuri – Kruger National Park’s northeastern corner.
  • Kosi Bay – Entrance near the Elephant Coast, one of my favorite areas.

Zimbabwe: You can get a visa at the border of this one border crossing.

  • Beitbridge: Open 24 hours a day, this is the only border crossing at Zimbabwe. This is the most thorough land crossing I’ve ever been through. They check everyone’s individual luggage by X-Ray, and lines get very long. Bring snacks/water, as there weren’t any vendors while I was there!


South Africa Backpacking Costs

I think budgeting $40 a day will make for a comfortable backpacking experience if you want to participate in some of South Africa’s unique experiences, like wildlife viewing and hiking. You can budget less if you are willing to camp the entire time.

The easiest way to limit your budgeting costs is to focus on one or two regions in South Africa because this is a big country, and transportation/gas will be your biggest expense. The food costs here are quite reasonable, especially if you are cooking for yourself.

Amphitheater Hike in Drakensberg Mountains backpacking South Africa
Viewpoint from the famous Amphitheater Hike in the North Drakensberg Mountains

Average South Africa Prices:

Basic breakfast –  $3-4

Meal at Restaurant – $6-10

Campsite per person – $6-10

Dorm bed average – $15

Local beer - $2

Average Entry to Wildlife Park - $20

Scuba diving — $35 average per dive (including rental equipment)

Shark cage diving average - $125

If you’re on a reaaalllly tight budget, it would be possible – though extremely difficult – to backpack South Africa on a budget of around $10 a day if you cook for yourself, and hitchhike with other travellers and volunteer. Other exchange programs offer a lot of opportunities in South Africa.

Check hostel boards and World Packers for work exchange opportunities.


Money in South Africa

South Africa uses their own currency called the South African Rand. As of December 2017, the current exchange rate is 13.75 South African Rand to 1 USD.

Bring USD cash for exchange if possible. Euros/Pounds are fine for money exchange in South Africa, but many other countries in Africa will only accept USD, and actually prefer it to their local currency (since many currencies in Africa are so unstable). If you plan to travel onwards, keep in mind that most countries in Africa will only accept USD for visa fees.

You can find ATMs pretty much anywhere while backpacking South Africa. You should always have some emergency cash hidden in multiple places. I like to spread my money out (daypack, backpack, hidden spots, etc.).

South Africa is unfortunately notorious for theft, so you should always have some emergency cash hidden on you, and Will has written an entire post linked below.

If you need to transfer money internationally, use Transferwise, it’s the fastest and cheapest way to move money around when travelling.

backpacking south africa

You should always have emergency cash hidden on you - pick up this awesome security belt with its hidden pocket before you travel, it's perfect for hiding money, a passport photocopy.



money in south africa
South Africa Rand


Top Tips for Broke Backpackers

Bring a tent and sleeping bag: Camping is easily the best way to save money in South Africa. Check out this post for a breakdown of the best tents to take backpacking.

Cook your own food: This is kind of a no brainer for travelling in general, but all of the backpackers we stayed at had fully equipped kitchens.

Whale watch from land versus boat tours! We saw whales and dolphins from land multiple times. You can actually see whales better from a higher perspective along the cliffs of Hermanus, De Hoop Nature Reserve, and stops along the coastal routes near Cape Town than from boats and kayaks

Ride Share: Split the cost of gas/car rental fees. Purchase the rental insurance with and save even more money!

Pack a travel water bottle  and save money every day! For more filtered water bottle options, check out this article.

best views in Cape Town
View of Table Mountain National Park in Cape Town.


Volunteering in South Africa

Long term travel is awesome. Giving back is awesome too. For backpackers looking to travel long-term on a budget in South Africa whilst making a real impact on local communities, look no further than World Packers. World Packers is an excellent platform connecting travelers with meaningful volunteer positions throughout the world.

In exchange for a few hours of work each day, your room and board are covered.

Backpackers can spend long periods of time volunteering in an awesome place without spending any money. Meaningful life and travel experiences are rooted in stepping out of your comfort zone and into the world of a purposeful project.

Worldpackers opens the doors for work opportunities in hostels, homestays, NGOs, and eco-projects around the world. We’ve tried and approved them ourselves – check out our Worldpackers in-depth review here.

If you’re ready to create a life-changing travel experience and give back to the community, join the Worldpacker community now. As a Broke Backpacker reader, you’ll get a special discount of $20. Just use the discount code BROKEBACKPACKER and your membership is discounted from $49 a year to only $29.


Travel South Africa for Free

Are you a native English speaker looking to earn cash whilst traveling the world? Teaching English online is a great way to earn a consistent income—from anywhere in the world with a good internet connection. Depending on your qualifications (or your motivation to obtain qualifications like a TEFL certificate) you can teach English remotely from your laptop, save some cash for your next adventure, and make a positive impact on the world by improving another person’s language skills! It’s a win-win! Check out this detailed article for everything you need to know to start teaching English online.

In addition to giving you the qualifications to teach English online, TEFL courses open up a huge range of opportunities and you can find teaching work all over the world. To find out more about TEFL courses and how you can teach English around the world, read my in-depth report on teaching English abroad.

Broke Backpacker readers get a 35% discount on TEFL courses with MyTEFL (simply enter the code BACKPKR), to find out more, please read my in-depth report on teaching English abroad.

Whether you are keen to teach English online or looking to take your teaching game a step further by finding a job teaching English in a foreign country, getting your TEFL certificate is absolutely a step in the right direction.


Internet in South Africa

South Africa definitely has the best WiFi in Africa, but that does not mean it’s good. With the exception of big cities and tourist towns along the Garden Route, the WiFi is almost never free. Most backpackers/hostels throughout the country will only give you 200mb per visit or day, or require you to pay anywhere from $5-10 for usage. If internet is important to you, you should buy a sim card for an unlocked phone while backpacking South Africa. They cost $1, but internet is around $10 per GB.

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Must Try Experiences while Backpacking South Africa


People in South Africa

South Africans are nice, welcoming people. We were invited to random braais (BBQs) and hang outs while backpacking South Africa. They’re the kind of people where their friends are your friends, and they don’t mind doing a favor for a stranger. That said, there is still a large issue pertaining to racism and the apartheid in South Africa.

Although it is assumed that South Africa is more “Western” than other African countries, it’s possible to have completely unique cultural experiences far from the Westernised bubble of South Africa’s tourist industry. Along the Wild Coast, there are community ran activities and immersions with the Xhosa people, and you can visit villages in Zululand, home to South Africa’s largest ethnic group.

I am personally fascinated with nomadic hunter-gatherer communities, the oldest continuous culture in the world. There are still communities who live as their ancient ancestors did: hunting, gathering, and tracking with impressive skill. If you are interested in learning more about the hunter-gatherers, there are locally ran camps that offer cultural immersions, hunting/gathering trips, etc. They are more common in Namibia and Botswana, but there are a few ran by the Khomani San in the Northern Cape, South Africa that you can visit while backpacking South Africa.

Do not expect any of these traditional communities to be completely isolated from modern conveniences and farming practices. They live in our modern world too, and many tribal communities use cell phones, wear western clothes, farm, etc. I hope that responsible tourism helps provide an income, and encourage these communities to keep their cultures and traditions alive.

traditional culture in South Africa
Traditional Zulu dances can be seen in Zululand, South Africa


Food in South Africa

Below I have listed South Africa’s most popular foods and dishes:

Braais and Meat: South Africans love their braais (barbecues), and their meat. Every Sunday is basically national braai day. Carnivore is also really popular among tourists, and has restaurants in Jo’berg and Nairobi, Kenya. While I can’t attest to Carnivore as a vegetarian, many tourists say it’s a must because they serve game meat, like warthog burgers and crocodile.

Biltong: Dried out Biltong (like beef jerky) is very popular throughout South Africa.

Bunny Chow: In the Durban area, Bunny chow, Durban style curry served in a hollow bread, is quite popular. Contrary to its name, there are no bunnies in the chow. In Durban Indian and Asian flavours are quite common in general.

Farm Stalls: Like the name suggests, these are farm-fresh markets and stalls selling produce and goodies. They are especially popular in Cape Town and around the Western Cape, but we saw them all over the country. They can be anything from small stalls on the side of the road to full blown bakeries/restaurants using their farm’s products. My favorite farm stall was definitely Nature’s Way in Nature’s Valley on the Garden Route.

popular food in south africa
Braai day is every day in South Africa


Trekking in South Africa

There are so many trekking opportunities in South Africa, including several famous multi-day coastal and mountain hikes. Trekking is a must while backpacking South Africa because many regions in South Africa can only be explored by foot.

I’ve listed some of South Africa’s other most popular and best multi-day treks below:

  • Otter Trail This is a five day 45KM beautiful coastal trek. This hike requires a year- 18 month reservation! I’ve heard it’s amazing, but you clearly need to plan ahead.
  • Rhebok Trail – Located in South Africa’s Free State, the Rhebok Trail is a 2 day 31KM hike in Golden Gate Highlands National Park. This national park is home to zebra, eland, springbok, and other grazers.
  • Sentinnel/Amphitheater Hike – 12KM out-and-back, you can day hike this one. It’s possible to overnight, and bring camping gear, but be prepared for strong winds!
  • Tsitsikamma Trail – This is a 60KM 6 day trail that spans from Tsitsikamma National Park to Nature’s Valley. I visited the starting and end point of this hike, but would have loved to see everything in between. It is possible to tackle this trail as a 2,3, or 4 night hike because there are accessible entrances/exits at each hut.
  • The Rim of Africa – South Africa’s most intense and longest hiking trail that spans over 8 weeks! The trail takes you throughout the Western Cape from Cederberg to the west to the Outeniqua foothills in the east.

Most of the multi-day hikes require that hikers stay in rustic huts along the trail. This type of hiking accommodation is unique to South Africa’s hiking culture.

There are plenty of day hike opportunities throughout South Africa that do not require a reservation. Some of those include Kingfisher Trail in Wilderness, the coastal trails in De Hoop National Reserve for whale sighting, and trekking around the Drakensberg Mountains.

Hiking around Drakensberg south africa
Hiking around Drakensberg


Scuba Diving in South Africa

There is quite a bit of world-class diving in South Africa, mostly within the KZN region. Some of the best scuba diving in South Africa is along the reef near Sodwana Bay in isimangaliso wetland park. This area shares reef with Mozambique, which is also known for world-class diving. While scuba diving along this coast, it’s possible to see tons of colorful fish, and sea turtles among the colorful reef, as well as pelagic life, like manta rays and sharks. While it’s a cool place to dive, the current is strong, and I don’t recommend learning here.

South Africa’s more famous dive site, Aliwal Shoal, is just South of Durban and worth visiting if you want to dive with sharks. This area is famous for its abundance of ragged tooth sharks, and hammerhead sharks can also be spotted in season.

scuba diving in south africa
Shark spotted while scuba diving

A Brief History of South Africa

South Africa has a turbulent history, and still struggles with issues or racism and classism today. To really understand South Africa, it’s important to have a grasp of the country’s history. I’ve given a brief overview below.

The Beginning: There is evidence of nomadic San hunter-gatherers living in South Africa as early as 40,000+ years ago. From AD 500, South Africa was home to a group of people called Bantu, who migrated to South Africa as farmers. The Bantu speakers are from whom most modern-day South Africans are descended.

European Colonialism: The Dutch took an interest in South Africa. As they colonized South Africa with imported slaves, they ended up occupying much of the hunter-gatherer land, and driving them out with disease and destruction. The Dutch settlers and their descendants, who permanently settled in South Africa became known as Boers. Boers believed they were God’s chosen people and racially superior to black people.

As the 18th century drew to a close, and the Dutch power faded, and the British empire took over. Even as the British took over, there was always a border dispute between the Xhosa colonies (originally Bantu people) and Boers (Dutch descent). The British didn’t do anything to ease the tension between these fighting groups. If anything they created more tension with the Boers, who were farmers because English speakers were highly urbanized, and dominated politics, manufacturing, and finance. The English also abolished slavery, which the Boers thought was their god given right.

20th Century Union: In 1910 the British unionized all of these different republics as the union of South Africa, but there was never a place in the new union for black people, even though they constituted 75% of the population. English and Dutch were made the official languages, and only whites could be elected to parliament. Black people were oppressed through legislation, denied skilled jobs, and barred from the military.

In the 1950s, the apartheid was institutionalised, which prohibited mixed marriages, limited property ownership, and segregated races. The ANC party resisted the apartheid by leading protests and strikes. The ANC movement was banned, and its members were arrested and tried for treason. Among them was the famous ANC leader, Nelson Mandela, who fought for equality and civil rights his entire life. He spent most of his life incarcerated, refusing to compromise his political beliefs for freedom. He was released in 1990, and elected president of the ANC shortly after. Mandela won the noble peace prize in 1993. From there South Africa drafted a new constitution.


South Africa Today

The major issues in South Africa are poverty, crime, unemployment, racism, xenophobia and land distribution. The government has taken steps to intervene by enforcing the first minimum wage of R20 ($1.40) per hour, stricter immigration policies, free education, criminalizing hate speech and old apartheid-era flag.

During Apartheid, people of color were forcefully moved to informal settlements due to the Group Areas Act. While campaigning for the 2019 elections, the ruling party announced the consideration of land expropriation without compensation which will allow residents to claim land that previously belonged to their families and this has led to panic especially from farmers who have built businesses and homes in these communities.

South Africa passed their new constitution in the 1990’s. Since 1994 the country has elected four Presidents. Two of Mandela’s predecessors have been forced to resign due to issues like money laundering and corruption charges. Today the country is still in debt due to Apartheid. South Africa has a population of 58 million and 29% is unemployed.

The political situation in neighboring countries has led to an influx of undocumented immigrants who come to South Africa for work opportunities.

Being a Responsible Backpacker in South Africa

Reduce your plastic footprint: Perhaps the best thing you can do for our planet is to make sure you do NOT add to the plastic problem all over the world. Don’t buy one-use water bottles, the plastic ends up in landfill or in the ocean. Instead, pack a tough travel water bottle.

Go and watch A Plastic Ocean on Netflix – it’ll change how you view the plastic problem in the world; you need to understand what we are up against. If you think it doesn’t matter, get off my fucking site.

Don’t pick up single use plastic bags, you’re a backpacker – take your daypack if you need to go to the shop or run errands.

Bear in mind, that many animal products in countries you travel through will not be ethically farmed and won’t be of the highest quality. I’m a carnivore but when I’m on the road, I only eat chicken. Mass-farming of cows etc leads to the rainforest being cut down – which is obviously a huge problem.

Recently, my gear-venture, Active Roots has started to sell water bottles. For every Active Roots water bottle sold, we donate 10% to – an awesome initiative aimed at educating people on the risk of single use plastic and helping to clean up our oceans. Help save the planet, whether you take an Active Roots bottle or not – TAKE RESPONSIBILITY for your plastic footprint, don’t be a dick.

Need more guidance? – Check out our post on how to be a responsible backpacker.

Pack your trash out. There are so many beautiful places in South Africa, so let’s keep it that way. Be environmentally conscious, and use your own water bottle, bring a reusable bag (I always travel with one), and reduce your plastic waste in general. As of 2017, the Western Cape is dealing with a detrimental drought, so conserve your water usage.

I’m not going to argue that all hunting is bad, as much of it plays a part into Africa’s complicated conservation, but be wary of it. There are several canned hunting reserves in South Africa, which should be avoided at all costs. Canned hunting is when animals are raised in captivity simply to be hunted. This does nothing for the environment or the local people. Many tourists show up to these reserves to walk the lions, take care of the animals, etc. unknowingly participating in the canned hunting industry.

Be aware of South Africa’s increasing poaching problem. Kruger National Park is the most effected because of its size and that it borders Mozambique where regulation is even less. The KwaZulu-Natal region has the highest density of rhinos in South Africa. Rhino poaching in Hluhluwe Game Reserve, and across the rest of South Africa is a major (and growing) issue. You can support these parks by visiting them, and donating to their causes.

While I did recommend shark cage diving as a unique experience, it’s also important to consider the repercussion of feeding wild sharks, and how it may disrupt their natural behavior. There are some diving companies that use chum to bait them. This is a controversial topic and worth discussing.

If you are visiting Townships, don’t just drive through and take photos, and try to participate in responsible tours that provide opportunities for South Africa’s poorest people to generate an income. Buy from local craft stalls and food stands.

Townships near Johannesburg, South Africa
Townships near Johannesburg, South Africa


Final Thoughts – Backpacking South Africa

You’ll notice much contrast between rich and poor while backpacking South Africa. In a few minutes you can pass both luxury shopping malls and outer-lying townships. Broadly speaking, the Western Cape is more affluent. As you reach South Africa’s more remote areas, you will come across more diversity. I found that there was prevalent racism from both sides. South Africa is going through a tricky time: an inflated, unstable currency, increasing crime rates, all while an unpopular, corrupt president reigns.

I also found that South Africans are kind people, and most of them, young and old, hope their country can unite and move past their turbulent history.

Cederberg Caves in South Africa
Cederberg Caves in South Africa

Backpacking South Africa is an absolutely amazing experience. This country caters to every kind of traveller, unlike the tourism in other African countries, which tend to cater to rich vacationers over independent budget backpackers. I think South Africa is more affordable, or at least offers a better value for your money, than its neighboring countries because of its vast road network, cheap car rentals, and affordable backpacker/hostel culture.

South Africa truly has something for everyone: unique cultural experiences, beaches without crowds, and of course the continent’s most epic wildlife can all be at your doorstep. If you’re into dramatic scenery, South Africa is home to semi deserts, mountain ranges, and wild coastlines. You’re an active traveller, like me, take advantage of South Africa’s water sports and hiking opportunities.

I recommend checking out South Africa’s highlights, like Cape Town and the Garden Route, without forgetting to visit some of South Africa’s hidden gems.


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Backpacking South Africa Travel Guide