Experience world-class surf beaches on the coast and witness the desolation and raw beauty of the Nazca desert. Trek among towering snow capped peaks in the Andes before descending down into the Amazon jungle. Got your attention? Vamos!
Before visiting Peru for the first time I didn’t quite know what to expect. Beyond Machu Picchu, I really didn’t know much about the country. After spending a few months backpacking Peru I absolutely fell in love with it. In fact, backpacking Peru remains one of the greatest highlights of my traveling career to this very day.
This budget backpacking guide will help unpack the mysteries of traveling in this truly spectacular country and will teach you everything you need to know in order to have the adventure of a lifetime backpacking Peru.
Table of Contents
- Where to go Backpacking in Peru
- Peru Travel Tips
Where to go Backpacking in Peru
Backpacking Peru is one wild ride. As a place with so much diversity, the only question is: what are you in the mood for? Whether you have a few weeks or a few months there are many exciting places to visit in Peru.
If you know you are short on time, I recommend picking a region and focusing on exploring that particular place. Peru is a large country and the travel can be slow going at times. Whilst backpacking in general, slow travel is cheap travel and attempting to dart around in a mad rush won’t allow you to experience a place in any kind of rewarding way.
Below I have listed several routes and itineraries for backpacking Peru! If you have a month of more to visit Peru, it’s easy to combine a couple of these itineraries.
Backpacking Peru 2 Week Itinerary #1: South Peruvian Coast and Desert
2 Weeks Backpacking the South Peruvian Coast and Desert
For this itinerary we will start in Peru’s capital, Lima. I recommend 2-3 days here. Quickly head over to Arequipa, a cute little colonial town in Peru. Backpackers usually use it as a pitstop to get to one of the world’s deepest canyons- the Colca Canyon, one of the deepest places on Earth!
Then head to Huacachina, a natural lake called the “Oasis of America”. You can do some awesome dune bashing in the desert on these Mad Max like beasts. Tour operators can also take you sand boarding down the dunes if you’re in need of an adrenaline boost.
The next stop is the Nazca Lines, a series of large ancient geoglyphs in the Nazca Desert, in southern Peru. A majority of the lines are simple geometrical shapes while some resemble plants and animals. The only way you can really see the lines is by flying in a (rather expensive) helicopter over them as they are massive and only make sense when looked at from an aerial perspective.
Backpacking Peru 3 Week Itenerary #2: The Peruvian Andes and the Sacred Valley
3 Weeks: The Peruvian Andes and the Sacred Valley
This Peru backpacking itinerary brings you to the heart of the Peruvian Andes. The cool fresh air will be a welcomed change from the desert or the coast! Once you arrive in Cusco, the vibrant Quechua culture is immediately apparent.
Cusco is your gate way to the Andes and all of the treasures to be found there. The Peruvian Andes are home to many interesting well preserved Incan ruins and of course, the famous Machu Picchu. This wonder of the world is likely on most tourists’ itinerary. During high season, however, you may have to book far in advance, so do your research before you travel to Peru, such as which trek you would like to do (if you are trekking to Machu Picchu at all).
Be sure to spend some quality time in the Sacred Valley, which are at the foothills of the magnificent Andes mountains. It is home to a handful of small towns and weaving villages that are still inhabited by traditional families. The best way to explore the Sacred Valley is by bike or motorbike. The towns of Pisac, Yucay, Urubamba, Ollantaytambo and Chinchero are all worth a visit.
Next would be the time to make it to Vinicunca, also called Montaña de Siete Colores. Montaña de Colores or Rainbow Mountain is a mountain in Peru with an altitude of 5,200 meters above sea level.
Now would be a good time to head back to Lima, or onwards to Puno to get to Bolivia. If you have an extra week or two, head for Iquitos and the Pervian Amazon! Keep in mind you must fly into Iquitos, so you will have to backtrack to Lima anyway!
Backpacking Peru 10 Day Itinerary #3: Surf and the Beaches
10 Days: Peruvian Surf and Beaches
So far I have covered the best places to go in the Peruvian Andes and desert whilst on your backpacking Peru adventure. For you beach bums and surf fanatics out there, fear not! I haven’t forgotten you!
For this itinerary, I dive into a few of my favorite places in Peru to soak in some sun and catch some world-class waves.
Peru is one of the best places on earth to surf. Its 1,000km coastline receives consistent Pacific swell, and away from the grey sea fog that shrouds the south coast for most of the year.
Peru’s north coast bathes in near-endless desert sun, so pack your sunscreen!
First up, Trujillo, a small beach town nearby some notable ruins and on the edge of a vast desert. Then head up to Huanchaco a sleepy fishing village. Next, head to Playa Chicama, which is internationally recognized for the longest, left-breaking wave in the world and its perfectly-shaped waves and nice barrels. Chicama is a popular surf destination for professional and novice surfers alike.
Finally, head to Mancora for a few days. The beaches in Mancora are bloody fantastic. If you are going to pick one place to surf in all of Peru, this will probably be it.
Lima is the super busy capital city of Peru. I wouldn’t recommend more than 2-3 days in Lima while traveling in Peru. Head over to Miraflores which is the most happening part of Lima. I recommend staying at the Puriwasi Hostel in Miraflores if you decide to explore the city for a few days, or check out our list of the best hostels in Lima.
An interesting thing to do in Lima is visiting the Catacumbas which are the underground burial sites that were designed to avoid the spread of diseases from decomposing bodies back in the 16th century.
If you are interested in museums, you could visit the San Inquisición Museum that has old torture chambers. There is a pretty dark vibe and it has mannequins that have been placed in torture machines to show how painful it must’ve been for those who defied the church. History is so uplifting at times eh?
You can also do a bit of paragliding over Costa Verde, a road that follows the Pacific coast atop Lima’s cliffs- it gives you a great aerial view of the city. It also has some of the BEST ceviche shops where you can try some of the tastiest ceviche in the world.
Arequipa is a cute little colonial town in Peru. Backpackers usually use it as a pitstop to get to one of the world’s deepest canyons- the Colca Canyon.
If you are interested in colonial history and museums, you will find Arequipa interesting. Try and visit the Arequipa Cathedral or the Santa Catalina Monastery. Make sure to check out the restaurants at the town square. It looks especially gorgeous at night!
If you are up for a big party night, stay at The Wild Rover’s Hostel in Arequipa. The cool thing about Wild Rover’s is that it is in every major city in Peru and you can get a night’s free stay cause they usually have great deals going on for anyone who stays in 3 or more of their properties while backpacking Peru.
Check out our guide to the best hostels in Arequipa.
Backpacking Colca Canyon
The Colca Canyon is located at the north of the city of Arequipa, and is one of the deepest places on this planet. A hike to the canyon should not be missed!
Ideally you should keep about 2-3 days to do the hike comfortably. There are many tour operators in the area offering up trips at a steep price.
If you have your own camping gear, you can easily do this trek with no guide. Having your own tent whilst backpacking Peru will open up many doors for you to explore on your own.
Llahuar Lodge makes for a good base to explore the area.
Backpacking the Huacachina Desert
Huacachina is built around a small natural lake called the “Oasis of America”. You can do some awesome dune bashing in the desert on these Mad Max like beasts. Tour operators can also take you sand boarding down the dunes if you’re in need of an adrenaline boost.
Camping in the Huacachine desert with your mates is bound to be a great experience.
If you’re interested in photography, you’ll love this place! The milky way is crystal clear and the dunes below make for some insane photo ops! Huacachina town is pretty small but has a number of hostels offering up accommodation. Stay at the Upcycled Hostel which is a sweet little eco friendly hostel in the town.
Backpacking Ballestas Island
Ballestas Islands are an island chain that share some species of animals that are endemic to the Galapagos Islands.
You can take a speed boat tour from the little town of Paracas around the islands and spot penguins, sea lions, pelicans and dolphins. If you are not planning on doing the Nazca lines coming to Ballestas is a good substitute. Make sure to carry sunglasses, a hat and a jacket as the winds and the sun can get pretty harsh during the trip.
Backpacking the Nazca Lines
The Nazca Lines are a series of large ancient geoglyphs in the Nazca Desert, in southern Peru. A majority of the lines are simple geometrical shapes while some resemble plants and animals. The only way you can really see the lines is by flying in a (rather expensive) helicopter over them as they are massive and only make sense when looked at from an aerial perspective.
Spread out across several hundred kilometers of the Peruvian desert, these drawings have been remarkably preserved over hundreds of years. In any other climate, these drawings would have been obliterated in months. Since the Nazca Desert is one of the driest regions on earth, the environment has helped to preserve these ancient and mysterious treasures.
I recommend staying at the Nanasqa Hostel if you plan on coming to check out the Nazca Lines.
Cusco is hands down the most fascinating city in Peru. There are not many other places in the world where ancient Inca walls stand side by side with Spanish architecture.
The ruins at Sacsayhuaman are definitely worth a look. More easily remembered by the English pronunciation “Sexy Woman”, the name Sacsayhuaman actually means ‘satisfied falcon’ in Quechua, the language of the Incas. Stay at the Wildrover’s Backpackers Hostel if you’re up for a rowdy time, or check out our kick ass guide to the best hostels in Cusco. Cusco is an excellent place to meet up with fellow backpackers.
In Cusco you can get yourself sorted with a trekking company if you are wanting to hike the Inca Trail or the Salkantay Trek. It is possible to do the hike to Machu Picchu on your own if you have your own gear. Remember, a good sleeping bag is a must!
Backpacking Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is one of those amazing places in the collective backpacker imagination. This UNESCO world heritage site is famous the word over, and for a damn good reason.
How you choose to arrive at Machu Picchu is up to you. Arguably my best experience I had backpacking Peru was my 5 day hike to Machu Picchu via the Salkantay Trek. The trek itself was better then the few hours I spent exploring Machu Picchu. Backpacking in the Andes is a once in a lifetime experience.
If you are going to spend money on anything whilst backpacking Peru, I believe you should put it towards a trek of your choosing. Seeing the Andes on a trek, escaping the hordes of tourists, is the essence of backpacking Peru. These days hiking to Machu Picchu is accessible to anybody with a strong set of calf muscles and some intrepid families even tackle the hike together. If you’re a Mum on a mission, check out this inspiring post on hiking Machu Picchu as a family.
Apart from the Salkantay Trek, which I personally recommend, is the equally beautiful classic Inca Trail.
Backpacking the Sacred Valley
The Sacred Valley is at the foothills of the magnificent Andes mountains. It is home to a handful of small towns and weaving villages that are still inhabited by traditional families. The best way to explore the Sacred Valley is by bike or motorbike. The towns of Pisac, Yucay, Urubamba, Ollantaytambo and Chinchero are all worth a visit.
The Sacred Valley is brimming with pre-Hispanic archaeological ruins that were built by the Incas and used as citadels or resting places. The small villages of the Sacred Valley are ideal places to buy beautiful local handicrafts. There are also a ton of exciting trekking routes that are deservedly gaining popularity.
High adrenaline activities in the Valley range from rafting to rock climbing. Most activities can be organized in Cusco or at some hotels in Urubamba if you are looking to go down that road. Booking a hostel in Urubamba is highly recommended if your are looking for a solid base in the area.
Apart from the much revered Machu Picchu and Sacsayhuaman, Peru is full of interesting ruins like the ones in Pisac, Moray, Ollantaytambo and Vilcabamba. Each of the ruins offer something unique to enjoy.
I really enjoyed visiting the village of Pisac. I camped out near one of the Shamanic retreat centers for a few bucks a night. After spending nearly two weeks in Pisac, I felt quite connected to the land and the local people. The people and culture of the Highlands is something truly special. I highly recommend taking the time to get to know a village in the Sacred Valley and experiencing all it has to offer.
If you are just keen to visit Pisac for the day, you can always sleep at a hostel in Cusco for the night.
Backpacking the Rainbow Mountains
Vinicunca, also called Montaña de Siete Colores, Montaña de Colores or Rainbow Mountain is a mountain in Peru with an altitude of 5,200 meters above sea level.
There is no doubt that the Rainbow Mountains are stunningly beautiful. However, as it turns out many thousands of other people agree with you. The place has turned into a full on gringo trap. In my humble opinion, the large percentage of the people coming here, only do so in order to take a fucking Instagram photo. That doesn’t sit too well with me.
If you have expectations of the Rainbow Mountains being a place where you can find solitude and enjoy the high mountains, don’t kid yourself.
If you do decide to make the journey to the Rainbow Mountains, do so as early as humanly possible to avoid witnessing this beautiful landscape turn into the dreaded sea of selfie sticks it becomes every afternoon.
Stay at a hostel in Cusco, if you just plan to make a day trip of it.
Puno is a small town in Peru that people use as a stop over point en route to Lake Titicaca or to La Paz in Bolivia. It has a regal plaza, concrete block buildings, a range of great restaurants with local and international food that blend into the hills surrounding it. It has a kind of old meets new charm about it.
A highlight from my visit to Puno was my homestay experience at Amantani. Amantani is one of the islands in Lake Titicaca where families make money by hosting backpackers. They are actual homestays with families that cook for you and take you for a super fun traditional dance night later in the evening. So book your hostel in Puno get your homestay sorted from there.
If you plan to explore beyond the Andes and into the Amazon basin, then certainly make the journey to Iquitos.
Linked to the outside world by air and by river, Iquitos is the world’s largest city that cannot be reached by road. So if you want to get to Iquitos, you need to fly in either from Lima or one of the other cities in Peru. You could also get here by boat from Ecuador or Colombia.
This town overlooks the dense Amazon rainforest and has a crazy nightlife, interesting cuisines to try and fascinating markets. Iquitos interestingly is also called the “Capital of Ayahuasca” with a fast growing number of Ayahuasca retreats surrounding the city area. Be very careful of touts though. Make sure you do your research and go through a proper shaman if you wish to try it.
If exploring deeper into the Amazon interests you, then Iquitos is the place to hunt for a guide to help you fulfill that dream.
Whilst backpacking the Amazon of Peru, you will require a guide at times. The jungle is one fierce place to be lost or sick, so if you plan to come here be prepared to pay a bit for the pleasure. Make sure you take a local guide, not some hack from Lima who is only interested in the jungle because you want to pay him.
The jungle really is no joke. All of life’s worthy adventures require a fair bit of effort. The Amazon is no different. Treat it with respect and you are sure to leave with the memories of a lifetime. This is what backpacking Peru is all about!
The small beach town of Trujillo has really grown up in recent years. Trujillo is located on the seaward edge of the vast desert plain at the mouth of the Moche Valley. Its attraction lies mainly in its nearby ruins – notably Chan Chan and the huge, sacred pyramids of the Huaca del Sol and Huaca de la Luna – but also partly in the city itself, and some excellent, laidback outlying beach communities.
Trujillo makes for a good stopping point if you are headed up the north coast from Lima. I met a few travelers who had been living in Trujillo long term, which I thought was pretty cool, because at the time, the place was really not on the well-trod backpacking circuit.
Enkanta Guest House is the place to stay if want a nice little laid back hostel with a good location.
The next sexy little beach town on the list is Huanchaco, just north of Trujillo.
The vibe in Huanchaco is that of the days of old. Fishing and surfing are the main activities here.
If you are keen to head out for some deep-sea fishing, I am sure some of the locals would be happy to take you out for a few bucks. Ask around and see what you can find. Certainly don’t pay a fortune to go fishing, but expect the day to not be dirt cheap either.
Still waiting to get your hands on a surfboard? Time to get in the water and give it a go if you haven’t already!
Casa Fresh makes for a good place to get a well-earned sleep. If you catch a fish or two, you can cook them up here when the fishing day is complete! Fish tacos anyone?
Backpacking Playa Chicama
Playa Chicama is internationally recognized as the longest, left-breaking wave in the world, known for its perfectly-shaped waves and nice barrels. Chicama is a popular surf destination for professional and novice surfers alike.
Located in the northern coastal desert of Peru, about 20 miles north of Trujillo, the weather is mostly sunny and dry all year with an average temperature of 75°F.
If you can believe it, a ride on a wave here can last for a mind boggling 2:30 minutes! You almost have time to have a cup of coffee while you ride this wave!
Surfing is the main draw here, but of course the beaches are quite nice too if you just want to kick back with a book.
For a good place to lay your head, I recommend stay at Los Burritos Hostal. The hostel is located right on the beach and a dorm bed will run you back about $10.
Oh, Mancora… When you arrive into Mancora, you initial impression is of a beat up town with the Pan-American highway running directly through the center of it. Over the last ten years, development here is on the rise and Mancora has subsequently become the defacto backpackers capital of Peru’s north coast.
If Backpacking Peru has brought you this far north, then you should absolutely check out Mancora for a few days at least. The beaches in Mancora are bloody fantastic. If you are going to pick one place to surf in all of Peru, this will probably be it.
From the center of Mancora town, you’ll need to take a cheap tuk-tuk (5 minute ride) to one of the many backpacking hostels, which are located on the beach, away from the town center.
If you looking to party hard after working your ass off in the waves, look no further then The Point Hostel. Normally I would not directly recommend big party hostels, but The Point Hostel is something special for sure. I ended up getting stuck here way longer than I should of, but I made some great friends and memories along the way. It is all part of the backpacking Peru journey!
From Mancora, it is possible to catch a direct bus to Guayaquil in Ecuador if you are heading north. The middle of the night border crossing into Ecuador was a positive experience!
Off the Beaten Path Travel in Peru
Peru is lucky enough to have some of the wildest places on earth within its borders.
Certainly backpacking Peru provides numerous opportunities to explore away from the tourist crowds. The Amazon basin is just about as wild as it is possible to get. Civilization is far and few between. You can go days or even weeks without seeing many other foreigners.
I recommend seeking out a good guide with at least one of your travel mates. That way you can split the cost and keep the trip budget friendly.
The mountainous terrain of the Andes is a whole other ball game. The highlands in the Andes are home to world class trekking and mountaineering. The majority of people traveling in Peru will not leave the comfort of their shitty tour group bus or the relevant look at points. All it takes is a little preparation and a little investment in the right gear, and you can be off exploring the wilds of Peru in a unique and personal way.
Peru has a great network of hostels, which range from chill and cozy to the insane hedonistic party house variety. Booking in advance isn’t always necessary, but sometimes if you are wanting to score the best deal for yourself, booking ahead will certainly save you money.
Otherwise, CouchSurfing is the cheapest way to go, and a great way to meet other travelers. I recommend Couchsurfing as much as possible!
Airbnb is catching on in Peru and you can find some awesome apartments for cheap prices if you need some chill time. Follow this link for $35 free credit.
If you’re staying in Lima, check out our neighborhood breakdown on where to stay in Lima!
For even more inspiration for your trip, check out this epic write up on the best hostels in Peru.
|Location||Accommodation||Why stay here?|
|Lima||Puriwasi Hostel||Great hostel with a chill vibe and a bar with fun happy hours.|
|Arequipa||The Wild Rover's Hostel||Crazy party hostel which will get you shit faced for sure. Oh and it has the most comfy beds!|
|Colca Canyon||Llahuar Lodge||Great acco with a pool!|
|Huacachina Desert||Upcyled Hostel||Super clean, eco friendly hostel.|
|Paracas||Paracas 360 Eco Hostel||Comfortable beds, walking distance form the city centre.|
|Nazca||Nanasqa Hostel||Book all your Nazca activities in this awesome hostel.|
|Cusco||Wildrover's Backpackers Hostel||Crazy parties and the best beds!|
|Aguas Calientes||Inka Wonder||Cozy hostel, very close to the starting point of the Machu Picchu trek.|
|Urubamba||Flying Dog Hostel||Huge common areas and green gardens to help the chilling!|
|Puno||Marlon's House||Just one block from Puno's Central Plaza, the historical center and all the best restaurants.|
|Iquitos||The Mad Mick's Bunk House||50 metres from the magical river Itaya and Amazon jungle.|
|Trujillo||Enkanta Guest House||Friendly property located 30 meters from Trujillo Main Square|
|Huanchaco||Casa Fresh||Great location, fair prices, and a good little hostel bar.|
|Playa Chicama||Los Burritos Hostal||Simple hostel, with nice clean accommodation and cheap prices.|
|Mancora||The Point Hostel||Surf and party central!|
Top things to Do in Peru
Many of the main tourist attractions in Peru get a lot of attention. Some for good reason. That said, there is a seemingly unending variety of things to keep you busy on your backpacking Peru adventure. Let us take a look of some of the top things to do in Peru!
I have listed the top 10 most popular and best things to do in Peru below to get your ideas flowing for your backpacking Peru trip!
1. Hike to Colca Canyon
A backpacking trip to this fascinating landscape will be one of the most rewarding journeys you will embark on while backpacking Peru.
Camping out in the canyon, under the silent night and bright stars is truly a priceless experience. Bonus points for you if you make the trip with no guide!
2. Surf in Peru
With over 1,000 km of coastline, you won’t be able to say you never had the opportunity to surf whilst backpacking Peru. From party central beach hostels to quiet fishing villages, Peru’s surf culture is thriving in a variety of settings across the country.
Renting a surfboard costs next to nothing. The Peruvian beaches offer waves for all skill levels.
Don’t be disheartened when the 10 year old Peruvian girl rips wave after wave in front of you. She has clearly been surfing longer than you have.
3. Couchsurf in Lima
There is nothing like getting to know a city with some quality locals. Couchsurfing is that beautiful bridge between backpackers and willing hosts. Experience what life is like for Peruvians in this massive sprawling city.
Shout out to Franco! Thanks for the hospitality bud!
4. Visit Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is one of the most iconic and visited places on earth. A staggering one million people A YEAR visit these beautiful Incan ruins. Well, I can say I know why people visit. Machu Picchu is fucking phenomenal. Check out this post for more info on hiking to Machu Picchu.
As much as I want to tell you not to go there, go there! MP truly is too stunning to miss. However, the sensitive archeological site that makes up the Machu Picchu complex is put under enormous pressure from visitors each year. Be extremely respectful to all the sensitive ruins, and for god’s sweet sake, don’t drawn on anything!
There is talk that the Peruvian government will stop allowing people to access the site directly. Honestly, I don’t see this happening. MP brings in too much money. Better go sooner than later though just in case I am wrong.
5. Hike the Salkantay Trek
The Inca Trail really seems to get all the attention. My opinion: The footpath traffic jams, the over-worked porters and animals, as well as the damage to environment sounds more frustrating and sad than pleasurable. If you are looking for a budget and ethical alternative hike to Machu Picchu, then the Salkantay Trail is for you.
My time hiking the Salkantay was probably my favorite part of my backpacking Peru experience. The track really shows you what the Andes are made of. Properly adjust to the altitude before setting of on the Salkantay Trek!
6. Learn Spanish in Peru
Want to jump start your Spanish language skills? In Cuzco there are many affordable Spanish schools offering classes at a reasonable rate. Shop around and compare the prices before you settle on one. If you want to spend a few weeks studying Spanish, Cuzco is a fantastic city to do it in.
If you are serious about learning Spanish, a language school is the way to go! Vamos pues!
7. Hike the Cordillera Huayhuash, Huaraz
A truly epic and stunningly beautiful trek can be found in the Cordillera Huayhuash.
Hikers bound for the trekking mecca of Huaraz invariably dream of tackling this nine-day, 115 km. circular route, factoring in all the most beguiling aspects of these mountains.
The Cordillera Huayhuash is normally less-traipsed than the Cordillera Blanca, due to its distance from Huaraz and its incredible difficulty (it ranks among the most demanding hikes in the Americas).
This is a kind of no fucking around sort of hike. If you are properly prepared, get ready for the hike of a lifetime!
8. Mountain Bike From the Andes to the Jungle
It is entirley possible to rent a bike in Cusco for a few days. Head out of Cuzco to the lush, thick jungle of Manu National Park many thousands of feet below. And, unlike the tourist hordes, you’ll get acquainted with a side of Peru very few people do – by visiting remote villages virtually unchanged since Inca times and staying in locally-owned lodges, or wild camping!
This takes a little logistical planning of course, but if you do this trip on your own or with a mate, you’ll save lots of cash.
9. Motorcycle Through the Sacred Valley
If you prefer motorcycles to bicycles, fair enough. The Sacred Valley outside of Cuzco is one of the cultural and natural gems of Peru. For someone who loves motorbikes, it will be a match made it heaven.
Exploring the valley by motorbike allows you total freedom. When backpacking Peru or anywhere else, having your own wheels for a few days (or longer) makes you feel like a kid who has been cut loose in a candy shop. So friends, enjoy your candy shop: an epic motorcycle ride through the Sacred Valley.
Have a fucking blast and stay safe!
10. Explore the Amazon Rainforest by Boat
The primary means of transport within the Amazon river system is of course by boat. Hire a guide in Iquitos and set off to explore the jungles of your wildest imagination. Just don’t fall in the river!
Treat your guide fairly and with respect, your life depends on it mate.
Below are our Peru travel tips, including budget costs, advice, what to eat, and an entire guide to getting around + visa requirements.
Books to Read while Traveling Peru
Below is a list of books set in Peru:
The Backpacker Bible – Get it for free! Learn how to ditch your desk and travel the world on just $10 a day whilst building a life of long-term travel with an online income. To inspire and help the next generation of Broke Backpackers, you can now grab ‘How to Travel the World on $10 a Day’ for free! Get your copy here.
The Lonely Planet, Peru– It is my belief that Lonely Planet has sold out over the years. However, their Peru guide does have some helpful practical information.
Inca Kola: A Traveller’s Tale of Peru – Inca Kola is the funny, absorbing account of Matthew Parris’s fourth trip to Peru, on a bizarre holiday which takes him among bandits, prostitutes, peasants and riots. He and his three companions seem to head into trouble, not away from it, and he describes the troubles, curiosities and wonders they meet with the spell-binding fascination of a traveller relating adventures over a campfire.
Turn Right At Machu Picchu : Rediscovering the Lost City One Step at a Time – This book is about what happens when an unadventurous adventure writer tries to recreate the original expedition to Machu Picchu by Hiram Bingham III. The writer has never even slept in a tent. The book is about how he explored the treacherous hills and has his own adventure.
The Last Days Of The Incas – The writer Kim MacQuarrie fashions an unforgettable history of the Spanish conquest, and the search for the lost city of Vilcabamba in this book. The Last Days of the Incas” brings one of the most heroic uprisings in history vividly back to life. This book is a great read for anyone looking at traveling Peru.
Junkie Buddha: A Journey of Discovery in Peru – Our healing journeys differ. Some move country or hit the bottle. Diane, the writer talks about her healing journey which was travel. Her son loved traveling and mountain climbing in South America. He’d walked the Inca Trail and longed to return to the sacred citadel of Machu Picchu. On the first anniversary of his death, fragile and aching with grief, she travelled alone to Peru to scatter his ashes there. Diane’s adventures en route were by turns scary, electrifying and humorous.
Touching the Void – This is the heart-stopping account of Joe Simpson’s terrifying adventure in the Peruvian Andes. He and his climbing partner, Simon, reached the the summit of the remote Siula Grande in June 1995. A few days later, Simon staggered into Base Camp, exhausted and frost-bitten, with news that that Joe was dead.
The Peru Reader: History, Culture, Politics (The Latin America Readers)– The Peru Reader is a gut wrenching tale of the Spanish Inquisition. The book also includes Works by contemporary Peruvian intellectuals and politicians appear alongside accounts of those whose voices are less often heard—peasants, street vendors, maids, Amazonian Indians, and African-Peruvians. Including some of the most insightful pieces of Western journalism and scholarship about Peru, the selections provide the traveler and specialist alike with a thorough introduction to the country’s astonishing past and challenging present.
Peru Travel Phrases
I cannot stress how important a basic knowledge of Spanish is while backpacking Peru. It saves you time, energy and money. If you know basic Spanish, you really get much more out of your experience backpacking Peru.
Here are a few useful phrases in Spanish for your backpacking Peru adventure:
Staying Safe in Peru
As always, practice common sense when travelling in Peru i.e. don’t walk into dodgy neighborhoods or walk about alone at night. Be wary of petty crime and keep your valuables locked up and safe!
Check out dedicated Peruvian safety guide for tips and tricks to stay secure whilst backpacking.
Pick yourself up a backpacker security belt to keep your cash safe on the road.
I strongly recommend travelling with a headlamp whilst in Peru (or anywhere really – every backpacker should have a good headtorch!) – check out my post for a breakdown of the best value headlamps to take backpacking.
Sex, Drugs and Rock ‘n’ Roll in Peru
Peru is known for its shamanistic practices worldwide and regularly attracts hundreds of Westerners wanting to try Ayahuasca or Wachuma to have life changing experiences. Some important things to note:
Find yourself a shaman who is trustworthy. Go with someone who has been recommended to you by someone. A shaman can make or break your trip. Make sure you feel comfortable around him. Understand that Peruvians consider Ayahuasca and Wachuma as medicines and use them for healing purposes so please respect that and follow the dietary restrictions that they suggest.
Shamans or ‘medicine men’ take ayahuasca to communicate with nature or to see what is causing a patient’s illness on a spiritual level.
If you want to do Ayahuasca, do it in the Amazon as the plant is endemic to that area, and do Wachuma in the Andes as that’s where the San Pedro cactus grows.
Respect the drug and your shaman. I can’t stress on this enough!
Be open to its effects. If you’re doing it purely for recreational purposes fine, but if you are doing it to heal psychological problems like addiction, spend some time with your shaman discussing the effects and do it only if you are completely open to the experience.
There are ton of so called shamans all over Peru so make sure you are not conned by the fake ones.
Tree Frog Medicine
Another drug that is fast becoming popular in Peru is the poison from a tree frog. Deep in the Peruvian Amazon lives a giant tree frog that is in high demand for its natural toxins which people are using to poison themselves in a ceremony that has become the latest super-cleanse trend.
The person first burns a small area of skin and then applies the frog toxins, called kambo or sapo, to the burned spot so they’re quickly absorbed into the bloodstream. Much like Ayahuasca, at first, the person feels a few moments of serenity, but within seconds, that feeling turns to suffering and can force the person to vomit. The effect shortly fades away, and practitioners say it’s worth it, claiming the process can cure depression, drug dependency, heart problems, high blood pressure and gastrointestinal issues.
The secret of any healing service is responsible, safe and authentic care. So do your research, be safe and open yourself to the experience.
Get Insured Before Backpacking Peru
Get insurance! Even if you are only going on a short trip, you should always travel with insurance. Have fun on your Peru backpacking adventure but take it from someone who has racked up tens of thousands of bucks on an insurance claim before, you need it.
As a wise man once said, if you can’t afford travel insurance, you shouldn’t be travelling – so be sure to get your backpacker insurance sorted before you head off on an adventure! Travelling without insurance would be fucking stupid. I highly recommend World Nomads.
Find out why I recommend World Nomads, check out my World Nomads Insurance review.
What to Pack for Peru
On every adventure, there are six things I never go traveling without:
1. Security Belt with Hidden Pocket: I never hit the road without my security belt. This is a regular looking belt with a concealed pocket on the inside – you can hide up to twenty notes inside and wear it through airport scanners without it setting them off. This is hands down the best way to hide your cash.
2.Travel Water Bottle: Always travel with a water bottle – it’ll save you money and reduce your plastic footprint on our planet. AR bottle are tough, lightweight and maintain the temperature of your beverage – so you can enjoy a cold red bull, or a hot coffee, no matter where you are. For every AR bottle sold, we donate 10% to PlasticOceans.org – an initiative to reduce plastic in our oceans!
3. Microfibre Towel: It’s always worth packing a proper towel. Hostel towels are scummy and take forever to dry. Microfibre towels dry quickly, are compact, lightweight and can be used as a blanket or yoga mat if need be.
4. Headtorch: I would never travel without a headtorch. Even if you only end up using it once, a decent head torch could save your life. If you want to explore caves, unlit temples or simply find your way to the bathroom during a blackout, a headtorch is a must. Currently, I’m using the Petzl LED headlamp with red light (which insects can’t see).
5.Hammock: Taking a tent backpacking is not always practical but hammocks are lightweight, cheap, strong, sexy (chicks dig hammocks) and allow you to pitch up for the night pretty much anywhere. Right now, I’m rocking an Active Roots parachute hammock – it’s light, colourful and tough.
6. Toiletry Bag: I always travel with a hanging toiletry bag as it’s a super efficient way to organise your bathroom stuff. Well worth having, whether you are hanging it from a tree whilst camping, or a hook in a wall, it helps to have quick access to all your stuff.
For plenty more inspiration on what to pack, check out my full backpacking packing list.
Best time to Travel to Peru
The Peruvian winter, which is from May to September is the driest season and therefore the best time of year for your Peru travel, especially if you are planning to visit the Cusco area. This is also the best time visit Machu Picchu.
The summer which starts in December and ends in March is the wettest season, with frequent heavy showers, depending on where in the country you are. The best time of year to do some hiking is during the dry season from April to October.
Apps to download before backpacking Peru
Maps.Me – Prone to getting lost or taking that ‘shortcut’ that adds another few hours onto a simple walk? This app is definitely for you. My favourite offline maps app, download your map and route before you venture out to keep you on track while backpacking Peru on a budget.
XE Currency – I used this a lot when backpacking Peru. It is a great help while calculating expenses.
HIDE.ME – I always have a VPN ready to go on both my phone and laptop, I personally use Hide Me which is one of the fastest and most reliable options out there. This particular VPN allows for up to five connections which is handy for keeping all your devices connected without having to purchase multiple VPN packages.
Peru Travel Guide to Getting Around
If you’re planning on traveling in Peru, you can either fly into the Lima airport or take a bus from Ecuador or Bolivia if you’re backpacking South America. Airlines like Latam offer cheap flights into Peru. Buses definitely take longer but are the much cheaper option.
Bus from Ecuador to Peru
There are three important border posts connecting Peru and Ecuador.
Huaquillas- This crossing, south of Machala, gets most of the international traffic between the two countries. It consists of side-by-side border posts on the highway a few kilometers north of town. Buses to Huaquillas don’t stop at this border post, though international buses (Ecuador–Peru) do stop there and wait for everyone to complete the formalities.
Another option is simply hiring a taxi from Huaquillas to take you out to the border post and back.
Macará- Increasingly popular because it’s more relaxed than the Huaquillas crossing, and the journey from Loja in the southern highlands is beautiful. Direct buses run between Loja and Piura, Peru (eight hours) via Macará, and wait for you at the border while you take care of formalities; it’s easy.
La Balsa at Zumba– South of Vilcabamba, this little-used crossing is remote and interesting and gets little traffic. People often hang out in Vilcabamba for a few days before heading to Zumba and Peru.
Bus From Bolivia to Peru
Copacabana- There are two main points for crossing the Peru-Bolivian border by land. Most travellers opt to take a bus to Puno, on the Peruvian side of Lake Titicaca, from Copacabana, on the Bolivian side of Lake Titicaca.
It is quite easy to find long distance international buses departing La Paz for Lima. These buses are very long, but this is the cheapest and easiest option if you are keen to get from city to city.
By River from Colombia to Peru
This option is by far the most time consuming but arguably the most rewarding.
From Leticia, Colombia you will take a boat for Iquitos. I have heard this journey can take 3 days.
Entry Requirements for Peru
Tourists from most countries around the world can enter Peru without a visa for visits up to 183 days. Tourists from some countries like Russia get up to 90 days. If you belong to a country that needs a Peruvian Visa, but have a 10 year US visa, you can enter Peru for free up to a maximum of 183 days. You can check for more info on this here.
Rumor has it the overstay fine is only USD 1 per day, so if you stay an extra 30 days beyond your visa limit it will cost you $30. Many broke backpackers prefer to do this while planning their trip backpacking Peru, since it’s much cheaper than leaving the country and returning.
How to Travel in Peru
Buses in Peru are frequent and they are cheap. You can typically get to where you need to go by bus.
Avoid flying unless absolutely necessary. Slow travel is cheap travel. Whilst backpacking Peru, embrace this philosophy and you will save a lot of cash.
Motorcycling in Peru
Motorcycles and scooters are a big part of the culture for young males in Peru. They are abundant in just about every place you go. You can find some pretty good deals if you are looking to score a bike. Always use your best judgement when going through the process of buying a motorcycle. Don’t buy a piece of shit that will leave you stranded in the middle of the Andes.
It is possible to rent motor bikes in some places where tourism is a bit more developed, for example in Cuzco. The prices vary, but typically aren’t crazy expensive.
Having your own wheels is a fantastic way to explore places that buses can’t take you. It is generally a good idea to have some degree of familiarity with motorcycles before you set off down some mountain road in the Andes. As always be safe and always wear a helmet!
Hitchhiking in Peru
Hitchhiking can be fairly common place for short distances. I would not recommend hitchhiking at all in the big cities. If you are picked up by a local, especially in a very rural area, it would be appropriate to give the guy or gal a few bits. Rural Peru has high levels of poverty and the petrol in the cars is just another high expense for locals.
Don’t take your ride for granted, but also avoid paying too much if the person suddenly decides his farm truck is now a taxi.
Onwards Travel From Peru
If you are on an extended South America backpacking adventure, good on you! Getting to one of the countries bordering Peru is pretty easy and straight forward. Refer to the “Arriving into Peru” section earlier on in this guide, and simply reverse the process.
Lima is home to a major international airport if you are looking to fly to another destination in South America or beyond.
Peruvian Border Crossings
|Country||Crossings||Most Popular Crossings|
|Brasil||2||Assis Brasil/Inapari and Tabatinga/Iquitos. First is a land crossing. Second is a river crossing. Both take forever.|
|Bolivia||2||Puno- Copacabana. Most travelers opt to take a bus from Puno, on the Peruvian side of Lake Titicaca, to Copacabana, on the Bolivian side.|
|Chile||1||Tacna-Arica. The distance between the two frontiers is large, but you can manage the trip without changing buses.|
|Colombia||1||Leticia/Iquitos. This is the same border crossing area as the Brasil border, hence the name Tres Fronteras. I have heard the journey after crossing into Colombia is beautiful, but can be very time consuming.|
|Ecuador||3||Huaquillas-Machala. This is the busiest border crossing between the two countries. International buses stop and wait for the passengers to get their passports stamped.|
My experience backpacking Peru was spread out over 2 months on two different trips. During that time I spent on average about $700 a month. My biggest cost was joining a guided trek: the Salkantay Trek cost me about $200 (entry into Machu Picchu included) and was worth every goddamned penny. I did the Salkantay Trek back in 2012 during my second visit to Peru, so naturally the costs may be a bit higher now.
For most treks and other activities you do NOT need to book them in advance. You will get a much better price negotiating with local operators once you have boots on the ground.
I was doing a lot of camping in the Andes and really used my tent often to avoid booking hostels every night. Food in Peru can be wonderfully cheap and delicious. Avoid the touristy restaurants and you will save big time! Eat what locals eat, not just because it’s cheap, but because it’s fucking delicious. Public transport is also very conducive to backpacking Peru on a budget.
Backpacking Peru can definitely take on more cost if you are staying at fancier hostels/hotels, traveling by plane, eating out for every single meal, or purchase a tour package, but I would say that it is entirely realistic to backpack Peru for as little as $20-45 a day (or less!), for most of your days.
Average backpacking Peru costs in 2018:
Money in Peru
Peru’s currency is the Sol. At the time of writing (April 2018) the conversion is $1 USD: $3.22 Sol.
ATM machines are widely available through out the country, but take out enough cash when you head into the mountains or jungle.
Top Tips for Broke Backpackers
To keep your spending to an absolute minimum whilst backpacking Peru I recommend sticking to the basic rules of budget adventuring….
Camp; With plenty of gorgeous natural places to camp, Peru is a great place to camp. You can often camp out in the open when trekking. Check out this post for a breakdown of the best tents to take backpacking or maybe you prefer a camping hammock?
Eat local food; You can get yummy street food for real cheap. If you’re on a real tight budget; it’s worth taking a portable stove – check out this post for info on the best backpacking stoves.
Hitchhike; In Peru, it is relatively easy to thumb a ride. Hitchhiking is an ace way to keep your transport costs down. Some Peruvians might expect you to contribute to fuel cost, but if you make your intentions clear you should be alright.
Pack a travel water bottle and save money every day!
To learn how to travel the world on $10 a day, check out the backpacker’s bible.
Joining an Organized Tour in Peru
For most countries, Peru included, solo travel is the name of the game. That said, if you are short on time, energy, or just want to be part of an awesome group of travelers you can opt to join an organized tour. Joining a tour is a great way to see a majority of the country quickly and without the effort that goes into planning a backpacking trip. However—not all tour operators are created equal—that is for sure.
G Adventures is a solid down-to-earth tour company catering to backpackers just like you, and their prices and itineraries reflect the interests of the backpacker crowd. You can score some pretty sweet deals on epic trips in Peru for a fraction of the price of what other tour operators charge.
Check out some of their awesome itineraries for Peru here…
Volunteering in Peru
Long term travel is awesome. Giving back is awesome too. For backpackers looking to travel long-term on a budget in Peru whilst making a real impact on local communities, look no further than World Packers. World Packers is an excellent platform connecting travelers with meaningful volunteer positions throughout the world.
In exchange for a few hours of work each day, your room and board are covered.
Backpackers can spend long periods of time volunteering in an awesome place without spending any money. Meaningful life and travel experiences are rooted in stepping out of your comfort zone and into the world of a purposeful project.
Worldpackers opens the doors for work opportunities in hostels, homestays, NGOs, and eco-projects around the world. We’ve tried and approved them ourselves – check out our Worldpackers in-depth review here.
If you’re ready to create a life-changing travel experience and give back to the community, join the Worldpacker community now. As a Broke Backpacker reader, you’ll get a special discount of $20. Just use the discount code BROKEBACKPACKER and your membership is discounted from $49 a year to only $29.
Travel Peru for Free
Are you a native English speaker looking to earn cash whilst traveling the world? Teaching English online is a great way to earn a consistent income—from anywhere in the world with a good internet connection. Depending on your qualifications (or your motivation to obtain qualifications like a TEFL certificate) you can teach English remotely from your laptop, save some cash for your next adventure, and make a positive impact on the world by improving another person’s language skills! It’s a win-win! Check out this detailed article for everything you need to know to start teaching English online.
In addition to giving you the qualifications to teach English online, TEFL courses open up a huge range of opportunities and you can find teaching work all over the world. To find out more about TEFL courses and how you can teach English around the world, read my in-depth report on teaching English abroad.
Broke Backpacker readers get a 35% discount on TEFL courses with MyTEFL (simply enter the code BACKPKR), to find out more, please read my in-depth report on teaching English abroad.
Whether you are keen to teach English online or looking to take your teaching game a step further by finding a job teaching English in a foreign country, getting your TEFL certificate is absolutely a step in the right direction.
Internet in Peru
Internet in Peru is pretty decent. You an find a good wifi connection in all hostels in major cities however, it is a lacking lacking consistency in some of the smaller towns.
In general, you won’t have any problems with day-to-day tasks such as emailing and surfing the web but don’t always expect super smooth streaming or rapid downloads. In remote places and treks there is no connectivity at all, and rightly so cause you need to put that phone away and soak in nature!
Must Try Experiences While Backpacking in Peru
People in Peru
I feel Peruvians are some of the best people I have ever met on my travels. They are honest, kind, and so easy to get along with. While most Peruvians speak Spanish, highlanders and indigenous communities speak Quechua, the language of the Incas.
You’ll find a lot of indigenous people dressed in traditional clothes and still living simple lives as farmers and weavers. If you want to really experience the true Peru, go off the beaten track a bit and into the Andes, live with a family in a homestay, and see the Peruvian way of life for yourself.
The things you’ll learn about the beautiful Incan tradition will blow your mind. Don’t be afraid to ask questions. They are super proud of their history and love talking about it. The people are what make Peru so goddamn special!
Dating in Peru
On the coast and in major cities, it seems the rules of the dating game are not so different from what you would expect in a western country. Though conservative catholic culture still hovers over relationships at times, for the most part I think that will be gone within a generation.
Indigenous cultures in the Andes tend to be far more conservative in both dress as well as behavior. You might get some big smiles from some of the young ladies in the hills, but don’t take it as a come on, mostly they are just curious about you.
Peru, like most of Latin America, is dominated by machismo culture. At many levels of the society women occupy a more traditional role as a stay at home mom. Sadly, sometimes Peruvian dudes just straight up act like women are inferior and they themselves are gods gift to them.
In the big cities however, this generally is not the case. The balance seems to be going the way of equality regarding the status of men and women. This is a positive step for Peru, and for all of Latin America in general.
I found that Peruvian people really like to have a good time. If you are interested in meeting someone from the opposite (or same) sex, it shouldn’t be too difficult if you just put yourself out there. I have heard positive reports for the use of social apps like tinder, especially in places like Lima and Cusco.
Food in Peru
Peruvian food is yummy as hell!! They take pride in some pretty quirky dishes. So if you are the adventurous sort who loves trying out new, strange foods, you’re in for a delightful ride!
Ceviche – Of course, THE most Peruvian dish there is. This is basically raw fish cured in lemon juice. The acid in the fruit “cooks” the fish, giving it a delicate flavor and slightly chewy consistency. The dish is usually spiced with red onion and aji pepper, and served with sweet potato. It is spicy, tangy and absolutely delicious. Make sure to try Ceviche in Lima.
Cuy– Not the animal some of us grew up with as pets. These guinea pigs are massive and usually cooked whole over a fire, BBQ style. They can be a bit greasy, though quite tasty. The best place to try Cuy al horno (baked) in Peru is without a doubt in the highlands.
Aji De Gallina– This dish is bright yellow in colour and is a rich, velvety stew made with chicken and condensed milk and thickened with de-crusted white bread. It is served with potatoes.
Alpaca- Alpaca meat is served extensively across Peru and is considered one of the healthiest meats in the world because it has low fat. It tasted somewhat like beef.
Inca Kola– You can’t go to Peru and not try this ultra sweet, bubble gum flavored soda that has basically given Coke a run for its money in Peru. It is good to try once but the sweetness is pretty over powering.
Festivals in Peru
Peruvians like to party. There are plenty of awesome festivals happening throughout the year.
The Festival de Marinera (January) – A massive party in Trujillo that features dance competitions, parades, and even exhibitions of the Peruvian Paso, a breed of horse also recognised as part of the cultural patrimony of the Trujillo region.
Fiesta de la Candelaria (February) – The Fiesta de la Candelaria is not only the largest and most famous festival in Peru, but also one of the largest in South America as a whole. In fact, throughout the continent, it’s only dwarfed by the world-famous Carnival in Rio de Janeiro and the Carnaval de Ouro in Bolivia.
Festival Internacional de la Vendimia (March) – Peru is famous for a number of things, the Nazca Lines and the desert oasis of La Huacachina among them, but those in-the-know also recognise it as the finest wine-producing region in the country. This role has been celebrated annually in March since the 1950’s during the Festival Internacional de la Vendimia, or the International Harvest Festival, in which a queen is famously chosen to ceremoniously stomp the first grapes of the season.
Festividad del Señor del los Temblores del Cusco (April) – El Señor de los Temblores, or the Lord of the Earthquakes, is the patron saint of Cusco and the celebratory focus of this major Holy Week celebration.
Inti Raymi (June) – Inti Raymi, the ancient Inca Festival of the Sun, is one of the most traditional Peruvian festivals.
Día de Santa Rosa de Lima (August) – Santa Rosa de Lima was the first native-born American saint canonized by the Catholic Church, and her legacy is celebrated throughout the world.
Mistura Culinary Festival (September) – If you like Peruvian good, street meats, and food carts, this Lima festival is for you.
Puno Week (November) – Legend has it Manco Cápac was the first Inca. Puno Week is dedicated to celebrating his birth as much as it is just an excuse to party hard for a week!
Trekking in Peru
Peru is one of the top destinations in the world for trekking owing to its incredibly diverse landscapes. It is adorned by the incredible Andes, has one of the world’s deepest canyons, as well as the dense Amazon rainforest which offer a variety of trekking experience and varied degrees of difficulty.
The most popular treks are the ones leading to Machu Picchu which are the Inca Trail, the Salkantay Trek, the Jungle trek and the Lares Trek. Depending on your trekking tastes you can choose the kind of trail you want to attempt.
Inca trail is very rewarding but is also the most popular.
The Salkantay trek is very beautiful as it takes you through some incredible Andean landscapes.
The Jungle trek is a hair raising, adrenaline pumping adventure that includes mountain biking, zip lining before taking you to Machu Picchu.
The Lares trek starts at the tiny town of Lares, home to a famous hot spring, and passes through several villages and gives you a glimpse into the lives of traditional Peruvian families.
Laguna 69 is often referred to as the bluest lake in all of the Andes, check out this post to find out more about hiking to Laguna 69.
Apart from the treks to Machu Picchu, the other exciting treks include the Ausangate trek that takes you through the multiple lagunas (lagoons) in the Andes, the Colca Canyon trek that takes you down one of the world’s deepest canyons and the Huaraz trek, a difficult but rewarding hike.
A Recent History of Peru
In the South Americas, the area now known as Peru was deeply affected by the imperial nature of colonialism because the targeted people and resources became the pawns of the Spanish monarch during the early 15th century.
The Spanish first arrived on Peruvian soil in 1531, led by Francisco Pizarro, a Spanish conquistador who also led the invasion against the Inca Empire. Tupac Amaru was the last official emperor of the Inca. The Spanish invasion was a genocidal bloodbath and initiated the total collapse of the mighty Inca empire.
The Spanish colonization and persecution of Peru’s indigenous communities lasted around 300 years.
Peru gained its independence from Spain on July 28, 1821.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Lima the capital city of Peru has enjoyed an era of affluence and riches. The most iconic buildings in Lima were built during this era, mostly in a grandiose neoclassical design that copied the early colonial era. Big boulevards were also built so as to link the coastal dwellings such as Barranco and Miraflores.
By the middle of the 20th century, Peru was entangled in economic and political turmoil with interchanging episodes of democratic administrations and military tyrannies. The military regime was led by General Juan Velasco who nationalized the media and oil and made reforms in agriculture.
The country, however, sank into a serious economic catastrophe with very high levels of inflation. At the same time, two terrorist groups surfaced that brought a lot of violence in Peru.
Modern Day Peru
By the year 2000, Peru has had successive democratic regimes having being led by Alejandro Toledo, Alan García, and presently Ollanta Humala Tasso. By 2015, the country’s population was estimated at 31.2 million. About 30% of this population lives in Lima, the capital city.
Peru also presently enjoys high growth in its economy and has reached growth levels that the country has never experienced before, and has risen above the catastrophe of the past years.
Indigenous Peoples Rights In Peru
In recent years, large advances have been attained in regard to the rights and protections of Peru’s indigenous peoples. This is an extremely positive victory for indigenous people in Peru and throughout the world for that matter.
The Constitution recognizes Peru as a multi-ethnic and multi-cultural country (Art. 2.19) in which 47 different languages are spoken and about 55 indigenous peoples (approximately 4 million people or 14% of the population) meet.
In Peru, ILO Convention 169 entered into force in 1995 and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (DNUPI) in 2007. Both constitute the most important international framework in the guarantee of Indigenous Peoples’ collective rights.
22 years after the ratification of Convention 169 and ten years after the signing of the DNUPI, Peru shows various advances and challenges in its policy of promoting and protecting the rights of Indigenous Peoples.
Being a Responsible Backpacker in Peru
Reduce your plastic footprint: Perhaps the best thing you can do for our planet is to make sure you do NOT add to the plastic problem all over the world. Don’t buy one-use water bottles, the plastic ends up in landfill or in the ocean. Instead, pack a tough travel water bottle.
Go and watch A Plastic Ocean on Netflix – it’ll change how you view the plastic problem in the world; you need to understand what we are up against. If you think it doesn’t matter, get off my fucking site.
Don’t pick up single use plastic bags, you’re a backpacker – take your daypack if you need to go to the shop or run errands.
Bear in mind, that many animal products in countries you travel through will not be ethically farmed and won’t be of the highest quality. I’m a carnivore but when I’m on the road, I only eat chicken. Mass-farming of cows etc leads to the rainforest being cut down – which is obviously a huge problem.
Recently, my gear-venture, Active Roots has started to sell water bottles. For every Active Roots water bottle sold, we donate 10% to PlasticOceans.org – an awesome initiative aimed at educating people on the risk of single use plastic and helping to clean up our oceans. Help save the planet, whether you take an Active Roots bottle or not – TAKE RESPONSIBILITY for your plastic footprint, don’t be a dick.
Need more guidance? – Check out our post on how to be a responsible backpacker.
Writing your name in black marker on ruins, chugging beer while shirtless, swearing loudly and visiting unethical animal attractions? You Sir, are a twat. Luckily, most backpackers don’t fall into this category but, when you’re out and about and have had a few too many drinks, it can be easy to embarrass yourself.
It is also just as easy to get addicted to the cheap and free flowing coke. Be careful! It’s easy to get carried away in South America, everything is so damn cheap and so much fun. I’m in no way the perfect traveller; I’ve been the drunken idiot on the street. I know first hand just how hard it is to be the one person in a group to say no when somebody comes up with a stupid idea that, for some reason, everybody is down for.
By no means am I telling you not to drink, smoke and party. Do it and love it. Just don’t get so drunk you turn into an imbecile your mum would be ashamed of. If you can’t handle drinking buckets, then stick to beer. If you’re not into seeing the ruins, no worries but don’t be disrespectful, inappropriate or deface them – certainly, do not try to wander in shirtless.
Humans are humans; treat people you meet along the way with the same respect you would show your friends and family back home. You are not superior to anyone including the girls/guys walking the streets. Prostitution for women over the age of 18 is legal in Peru. Remember prostitutes are people like you and me; they may enjoy what they do, or they may be on the darker side of it.
Go to Peru and have the time of your life, do the things you’ve dreamed of but be respectful along the way. Travelling the world makes you an ambassador for your country, which is awesome. We can make a positive impact on people when we travel and get rid of any ugly stereotypes that may be associated with your country…
So there it is friends! The ultimate Guide to backpacking Peru on a budget! Feel free to comment if you found this guide helpful!
Yay for transparency! Some of the links in this post are affiliate links. This means that if you book your accommodation, buy a book or sort your insurance, I’ll earn a small commission at no extra cost to you. I only link to stuff I’ve actually used and never endorse crap. Your support helps me keep the site going.
Broke Backpacker writer Chris Lininger contributed to this article.