Backpacking Ecuador was probably one of the greatest experiences of my life. The diversity of this country alone provides an opportunity for a lifetime worth of exploration. As the most bio-diverse country on earth, Ecuador has it all. And I do mean all.
From the exploring the Amazon jungle and climbing the high snow capped Andes to the tiny beach towns where surfing and rum reign supreme, backpacking Ecuador ticks all the boxes.
When I first landed in South America, I hadn’t really given Ecuador much thought. After a trip through Patagonia, I kept hearing about this fantastic budget travel destination: Ecuador. When I arrived there it completely blew my expectations out of the water.
Table of Contents
- Where to go Backpacking in Ecuador
- Best Itineraries and Routes for Backpacking Ecuador
- Places to Visit in Ecuador
- Backpacker Accommodation in Ecuador
- Top Things to do in Ecuador
- Ecuador Travel Tips
- Staying safe in Ecuador
- Arriving in Ecuador
- Backpacking Ecuador Travel Costs
- Must-Try Experiences Backpacking in Ecuador
- A Brief History of Ecuador
Where to go Backpacking in Ecuador
Ecuador is the perfect destination for budget backpackers looking to soak in the beautiful landscapes and culture of one of South America’s true gems. Whether you plan to take a canoe down some of the mighty river systems of the Amazon, ride some waves, or bag a peak or two in the Andes, this guide will teach you everything you need to know to have an amazing journey backpacking Ecuador on a budget.
Looking for an Ecuador backpacking route? Whether you have a few weeks or a few months, I have assembled several Ecuador backpacking itineraries to help you make the most of your time in this epic country. The backpacking routes can easily be combined as well.
Backpacking Ecuador 2 week Itinerary #1: The Pacific Coast
2 Weeks: The Pacific Coast
The stunning Pacific coast of Ecuador is the perfect place to get your bearings within the country. If you are entering Ecuador by bus from Peru, or intend to go see the Galápagos Islands, then you will probably end up in Guayaquil at some point. This city is the nation’s most populous and is considered a main transportation hub of the country.
This Ecuador backpacking itinerary follows the beaches and coastal towns heading north. Of course, if you are heading south from Colombia, the route works great in reverse as well.
If you are keen to explore some of the best beaches in all of South America, well my friends, you have come to the right place.
Backpacking Ecuador 2 week Itinerary #2: The Andes
2 Weeks: The Andes
For the people who love being in the mountains, this is the Ecuador backpacking itinerary is for you. Backpacking in the Ecuadorian Andes offers the opportunity to get to know the rich culture of the highland communities and the breathtaking scenery the Andes have to offer.
Backpacking Ecuador 1-2 week Itinerary #3: Ecuadorian Amazon
1-2 Weeks: Ecuadorian Amazon
Due to the wild nature, the distances, and the travel options in the Amazon Basin, there is an infinite number of potential backpacking Itineraries for this region of Ecuador. Depending on your time frame, I recommend spending at least 2 weeks exploring the jungle.
Getting deep into the jungle and away from civilization requires time and effort. It is hot as hell, many creatures are capable of killing you, and you can’t get anywhere quickly. With that said, obviously the rewards are the backpacking experiences of a lifetime.
Whether you are stopping over for the night or wanting to explore the city some, Guayaquil has a few things to keep backpackers busy.
For me, Guayaquil is more of a stopover place than a destination. Though some of the best ceviche in Ecuador can be found at the tiny market stalls in the city center!
Being it is a big city, budget accommodation options are everywhere. For a hostel close to the airport and bus terminal, I recommend Casa Michael. Given its location, it would be hard to find another option for the value and atmosphere. A dorm bed costs about $10 and included free wifi, coffee/tea. The staff are super helpful and can field your questions about the city or onward travel.
If you’re looking for a hostel, we’ve rounded up our favorite hostels in Guayaquil, which all offer a comfy bed to rest your head. For a place to crash in the heart of the city, look no further than Tomo Hostel. From here you are close to all of the main attractions of Guayaquil. Perks include free wifi and a decent cafe on site.
The Las Peñas area is a fun neighbor hood to walk around in, and turns into a pretty fun bar scene at night. Find a bar or cafe that has a view of the coast and watch the sunset on the port.
Backpacking the Galápagos Islands
As dreamy as they sound (and they are dreamy), the Galápagos islands are just too damned touristy and expensive to qualify for this backpacking Ecuador budget guide. Just to set foot on the islands will set you back at least $450 USD. This is low-balling the flight cost to about $350 and includes the $120 per person conservation fee.
If you decide that the Galápagos are a must visit for you, then fair enough. Just be prepared to spend at least 3x what you would in the rest of the country.
Bear in mind that whilst it is possible to see this amazing place without spending thousands, you’ll still definitely end up spending hundreds.
Budget accommodation is few and far between. I have heard that La Posada del Caminante is one of the best options around. Dorm beds start at $18 and includes fast wifi.
The legendary town of Montañita first became a hotspot for travelers and surfers in the 1960's. With a steady stream of nice waves all year around, Montañita is a magnet for folks who want to dive straight into the full on beach bum lifestyle. This is party and surf central for the coast of Ecuador and it is not surprising to learn that many travelers find themselves here long term.
Kamala Surf & Backpacker Hostel is a great place to land. A bed in the dorm here will set you back about $8. An obvious benefit being you get to wake up to the sounds of the waves! They offer free fast wifi and a fantastic restaurant with reasonable prices. Book this one in advance as it is popular. It is also possible to pitch a tent for a few bucks a night.
If you are motivated to give surfing a go for the first time, there are many surf schools offering boards and hands on instruction. Shop around a bit to find the best price. Often, if the hostel you are staying at offers surf classes, you will get a cheaper rate if you are also staying with them. At Montañita Spanish School, you can learn Spanish and take surf classes.
Whilst backpacking Ecuador I highly recommend taking at least a few Spanish classes if you are wanting to really improve your Spanish level. I found classes to be super helpful as new languages don't come easy to me naturally.
Day Trips around Montañita
If you are keen to have break from the beach and explore the surrounding area head to Olon Waterfalls. You can rent a motorbike in Montañita and arrive there within 20-30 minutes. It is a three hour walk if you need some exercise! Ask any local how to get there.
For a less party based (only slightly less) environment, I can recommend staying at Hostel Moai. For $10 you have a bed and a small breakfast in a hammock if you choose. Located on the river, about a block from the beach, Hostel Moai was one of my favorite hostels I stayed in during my time backpacking Ecuador. That said, there are plenty of other great hostels in Montanita. While Montañita remains the prime party town of the coast, don't get stuck there unless you fall in love with a person or the surf. It is quite easy to do. There are plenty of other amazing beaches to discover on your trip backpacking Ecuador!
Backpacking Bahía de Caráquez
Bahía, as the locals call it, is a small coastal town a few hours north of Montañita. The vibe couldn't be more different. This is more of a locals centered town, and a great place to come if you are wanting to discover a world away from beer-ponging gringos.
Hostel Coco Bongo is the one and only long standing hostel in Bahía. Some expats seem to live here full time! For 10$ a night, you can have a great base in which to explore Bahia and the surrounding beaches. Rent a bike and cruise around town. A ride out to the bridge spanning the bay is definitely worth the trip. The bridge is the longest one in Ecuador.
Normally I would not say this about an Ecuadorian town, but if you're in the mood for a great pizza, track down Pizza Claudia and tell her I said hi.
Volunteering in Bahía de Caráquez
I spent a few months in Bahía de Caráquez volunteering for the wonderful non-profit organization Planet Drum. Whilst living in Bahía, I stayed in a house with other volunteer backpackers and worked a few hours a day planting trees (amongst many other things) during the week. It was very rewarding working with the land and community here.
If you are looking to spend some time in one place on the coast, I recommend Bahía. The surf here is great as well and the locals were some of the most welcoming surfers around. A part of my heart is still in Bahía. If you're going to get stuck somewhere on the coast whilst backpacking Ecuador, Bahía is the place to do it. My journey backpacking Ecuador, and really all of South America really fell into place for me in Bahía.
There is a pretty happening night life in Bahia on the weekends. Head down to the harbor or just cruise the streets. The give away will be the dance music drifting out of the establishment.
Frequent buses depart and arrive on the edge of town close to the bridge. You can catch a bus for about 75 cents from Bahía to Canoa (20 minutes).
Canoa feels the way Montañita probably did 30 years ago. Though small, Canoa is another quintessential Ecuadorian beach town. Surfing and beach time is still the main attraction, though the rowdy backpacker hordes are virtually non-existent. There are other backpackers here, but far less.
Feelglamping is among the nicer budget options in Canoa.They offer nice "glamping" tents for about $10 bucks. In my opinion, this is a little pricey, but the vibe of the hostel makes it worth it. It is much cleaner than some of the other budget backpackers in town. The have bikes for rent here too for next to nothing. You can probably bring your own tent and pay a much cheaper rate.
This is a great place to really dig your heels into the whole surfing culture. Over the last few years Canoa has been producing some of Ecuador's finest surfers. If surfing is not your thing, then the pros are still very fun to watch.
For the brave souls out there, try the famous Canoa beverage Uña. This strange witchy brew is made with some interesting ingredients. Several vendors sell the concoction, made by marinating scorpions, giant millipedes, and marijuana stalks in moonshine before selling it for a dollar a pop. I advise keeping a squeeze of lime handy for a chaser.
Backpacking Rio Muchado
Rio Muchado is a tiny village just outside of Canoa and is home to a truly fantastic little hostel. It is set out on a organic farm and has the yoga/meditation/organic food vibe going for it. In a country defined by lots of partying these sort of refuges are key to giving yourself a great place to truly relax. Very affordable private rooms start at around $15.
Remember, the coast of Ecuador has some of the best seafood and waves in all of South America. Treat the beach and surrounding areas with respect. Always pack your trash back to the hostel with you at the end of the day. Never break glass or leave cigarette butts on the beach. The coast is one of the treasures of Ecuador. Do you part to help keep it beautiful.
If you plan on also hitting up the Andes, this Ecuador backpacking itinerary can run right into the next backpacking route on the list. Soak in all the sun and beach you can and head for the highlands!
When you step off of the bus from the coast in Quito you are met with delicious mountain air. At 2,850 metres (9,350 ft), Quito is the 2nd highest capital in the world. I enjoyed Quito a whole hell of a lot more than I did Guayaquil. Quito is where modern Ecuador meets the traditional Andean way of life. Backpacking Ecuador brings you in touch with a wide array of cultures, and in Quito there is a great mix of both worlds. That being said, you definitely want to be sure where to stay in Quito, as there are many cool areas and neighborhoods.
Colonial House Quito was my favorite place to stay in the city. Situated right in the heart of Quito's lovely old town, this hostel offers dorm beds for $9 and free Wi-Fi in all rooms. I especially enjoyed the garden and the balcony with views of the city.
Booking in advance is a must if you are arriving on the weekend. If you didn't manage to book in time, don't worry, there are many great hostels in Quito that offer comfy beds and great locations.
Take a day or two to walk the streets of old town. Check out a few cafes and sample the local beers. The Iglesia de la Compañía de Jesús is probably the most decadent church I saw in all of South America. It is a big golden relic from the Spanish colonial era that is definitely worth a visit.
Backpacking Ciudad Mitad del Mundo
26 kilometers from the Quito city center lies the Ciudad Mitad del Mundo. This town literally translates into "city in the middle of the world". Geographically, this is the exact center of the Equator.
Take the Metrobus (25 cents) to La Ofelia bus terminal in the north of the city. Buses from La Ofelia run past MdM frequently. It is possible to hire a taxi to take you, however this will cost about $10-15. Seems silly if you ask me when the buses are so cheap.
The place has a bit of a tourist vibe, but lots of Ecuadorians come here too. An afternoon well spent in my opinion. At time of writing, the price of admission is $7.50 and includes entrance to the various other museum projects on site. Avoid buying beer here. They jack up the price to $5 a glass! You can wait until you return to Quito to have a brew.
From Quito, you can start to get to grips with how spectacular the Andes truly are. The famous Quilotoa Loop is a great way to connect with the stunning landscapes and the Kichwa culture of the high mountains. In the rural areas of the Andes, a traditional way of life is still the norm, and Spanish is often a second language to many of the inhabitants.
You can catch a bus from Quito to ($1.50) Latacunga. From there you can catch another bus to Chugchilán. It is also possible to hitchhike this stretch, and it might end up being faster than the bus.
Hostal Cloud Forest is located towards the northern end of the town of Chugchilán. Dorm beds start around $17 (ouch!), but includes free breakfast. There is a lack of quality budget lodging here, but this hostel is filling the need for now. This is a beautiful hostel with very friendly owners, so if you can shell out the dough, it is well worth it. Booking in advance is a good idea due to the popularity of the Quilotoa Loop.
Since Chugchilán is the gateway town to starting the Quilotoa Loop trek, I am certain more budget options will appear in the area soon if they haven't already. Though this hiking route is quite well known, in my opinion it will be a highlight of anyone backpacking Ecuador.
Cotopaxi National Park is home to the massive glaciated volcano cone bearing the same name. Hiking in the park is abundant and wild camping opportunities abound. The park is home to endemic Andean wildlife species including wild horses, llamas, fox, deer, Andean condor, and the exceedingly rare spectacled bear.
A good home base to explore the park is Latacunga. The folks at Hostal Cafe Tiana run a nice little hostel in the town. Dorm beds start at about $10 and come with free breakfast and wifi. Latacunga is not super close to the park, but you can easily make it there and back in a day if that is all you are after.
There are various accommodation options in the park as well, but I found that most of them were very high end, luxury type places. Backpacking Ecuador on a budget is pretty easy most of the time, however every now and then the only options available tend to be expensive.
If wild camping is not your thing (then it should be!), it is possible to camp at an "established" campground where you might have a few other folks around. Camping is officially 5 USD per person, per night, but nobody seems to actually ask you for the money.
Within the park there are countless trails to explore and get off of the beaten path. Check in at the park head quarters for more information about the trail systems and maps.
Prepare for the high altitude in Ecuador
Bring plenty of warm/waterproof gear if you plan to camp out or do any serious trekking. I can not stress the importance of having some quality backpacking gear! Backpacking Ecuador can be tricky because you have such a massive variety of climates in the country!
Investing in a solid tent and a good sleeping bag is always a good idea. These purchases won't just accompany you backpacking Ecuador, but will be stashed in your bag for years throughout your long and prosperous backpacking career!
For better or for worse, the town of Baños feels like the unofficial backpackers capital of the Ecuadorian Andes. You will probably find yourself here at some point in your journey backpacking Ecuador and for good reason.
The town itself is crawling with tour operators, western restaurants, and budget accommodation. The center of Baños is rather pretty and you can easily walk to several waterfalls right from the main drag. Hostal Plantas Y Blanco is a great place to stay right in the mix of everything. Dorm beds runs around $9. This hostel is fairly large, but I found it made for a good base to meet fellow backpackers looking to explore the mountains.
For a cozier environment, I recommend Hostal Cordillera de Los Andes. This place is family run and still big enough to meet fellow travelers, might not so massive as to disrupt your nights' sleep. Dorm beds cost about $8 and includes wifi and kitchen access. If you are looking to get into some mountain-biking, hiking, hot-springs, rafting, or one wild "Swing at the End of the World," Baños has you covered.
I found that talking with some of the smaller tour operators was a good way to get information about the area. It really just depends if you are looking to book an activity or be more on the do-it-yourself program.Prices for adventure sport trips vary across the board, so if you do decide to go with a tour operator, shop around and get a good deal for yourself.
If you enjoyed Quito's old town, then you will certainly love the charm of Ecuador's 2nd most important colonial city. Cuenca’s historic center is a Unesco World Heritage Site. The city is famous for its stunning architecture and many churches dating back to the 16th century.
The city is the center of many craft traditions, including ceramics, metalwork and the internationally famous panama hat – and the nearby villages offer many more handicrafts besides.
The Malliki Hostel in Cuenca is a great sleeping option for the price. Dorm beds run about $6 and include a free breakfast! Beds at this hostel go quick because of low prices they offer. Book in advance so you know you'll have a spot when you arrive. When backpacking Ecuador on a budget, you really have to jump on these great hostel deals, especially when they include breakfast.
If you're into photography, then Cuenca will be a highlight for you. The city is super photogenic and is fun to walk around in, camera in hand.
If Malliki Hostel books up, be sure to check out El Cafecito Cuenca. This hostel is situated in an excellent location for city exploration and has a terrific atmosphere. Dorm beds cost $10. The rooftop terrance is a great place to have a coffee. You can sit, sip, and contemplate how much awesomeness you have endured in your time backpacking Ecuador.
Puyo is located about an hour drive down through the mountains from Baños. This bustling town on the edge of the tropical forest is dirty and noisy. There are accommodation options here, but honestly I wouldn't recommend too many of them them. Around the town though is where the jungle really begins to take hold.
Puyo is the capital of the Pastaza provence and is the gateway to the Orient and the Amazon Basin. If you plan on having your journey backpacking Ecuador take you to the jungle, then certainly you will pass through Puyo.
The Paseo de Los Manos monkey refuge is worth the day trip from Baños and can be coupled with a visit to some of the tiny indigenous river communities around Puyo. The monkeys here are pretty free to come and go as the please around the property. A super lazy dog can be found asleep on one of the patches of grass, with a few monkeys carefully picking him over for insects.
If you want to stay in Puyo for a night, then I recommend staying at Hostal del Rio. The place is a little pricey, but for around $20 you can have a pretty nice private room.
Coca was once a totally wild mass of Jungle. In the last few decades, oil companies have come in a changed the landscape into a town that feels very much out of place with all the concrete around. Yay capitalism!
Coca is the last real civilization before the Río Napo transports you deep into the rainforest to the Parque Nacional Yasuní and beyond into the Amazon basin. A bus journey here from Quito will take nine to 10 hours.
There is little in the way of budget accommodation in Coca. Expect to pay a minimum of $20-25 bucks, but also expect it to be quite comfortable.
My advice is to get into town, rest, and get the hell out. It is possible to hire a guide here for a reasonable rate to take you down river, and away from the concrete of Coca. There is an endless breath of possibilities for Amazon exploration in Ecuador.
Do not opt for a generic jungle tour. While these might be easy and interesting to a degree, the real charm of the amazon lies in difficult to reach locations, and away from the hordes of eco-tourists.
Whilst backpacking the Amazon of Ecuador, you will require a guide at times. The jungle is one fierce place to be lost or sick, so if you plan to come here be prepared to pay a bit for the pleasure. Make sure you take a local guide, not some hack from Quito who is only interested in the jungle because you want to pay him.
Ecuador's Amazon basis is one of the most bio-diverse places on the planet. This vast landscape known as Amazonia is hot, lush, green, and super humid. The river systems gush from snow-melt coming down from the Andes and some of the indigenous tribes carry on with a very traditional way of life in the 21st century.
This part of Ecuador couldn't be more different from the high Andes or the dreamy beaches. That is why I love it.
I have not included any accommodation in this section because truth be told, the best spots to sleep are not found on the internet. Many amazon locals do not have regular internet access for obvious reasons. Better to scout out places to sleep once you have boots on the ground.
The jungle really is no joke. All of life's worthy adventures require a fair bit of effort. The Amazon is no different. Treat it with respect and you are sure to leave with the memories of a lifetime. This is what backpacking Ecuador is all about!
Off the beaten path travel in Ecuador
Certainly backpacking Ecuador provides numerous opportunities to explore away from the tourist crowds. The Amazon basin is one of the wildest places on earth. Civilization is far and few between. You can go days or even weeks without seeing many other foreigners.
I recommend seeking out a good guide with at least one of your travel mates. That way you can split the cost and keep the trip budget friendly.
The mountainous terrain of the Andes is a whole other ball game. The highlands in the Andes are home to world class trekking and mountaineering. The majority of people traveling in Ecuador will not leave the comfort of the buses or look at points. All it takes is a little preparation and a little investment in the right gear, and you can be off exploring the wilds of Ecuador in a unique and personal way.
Backpacker Accommodation in Ecuador
All across Ecuador there are a vast array of budget accommodation options. From beach surf shacks to cozy mountain lodges, there are always interesting, affordable places to lay your head. Many of the hostels I stayed in were quite small, family-run affairs. These are always best as they keep your money local.
Booking in advance isn't always necessary whilst backpacking Ecuador, however in some of the popular destinations on the coast and in the Andes, it is a must if you want to get a cheap hostel. The cheap hostels in Ecuador tend to book out and you are then left with the medium or high end options, which aren't really options for budget backpackers.
I strongly advise booking your hostels in advance if you know you are going to a destination popular with backpackers or tourists in general (like Baños, old-town Quito, or even Montañita). Backpacking Ecuador on a budget requires a tiny bit of planning sometimes!
If you want to save money on accommodation, make sure you pack your camping hammock, especially if you’ll be trekking or hiking through the jungle or spending time at the beach.
|Location||Accommodation||Why Stay Here?!|
|Guayaquil||Casa Michael||Located near bus station and the airport. Very convenient for travelers just passing through.|
|Galápagos islands||La Posada del Caminante||One of the few budget hostels in the Galápagos. Helpful, friendly staff.|
|Montañita||Kamala Surf & Backpacker Hostel||Low prices, right on the beach, killer restaurant.|
|Bahía de Caráquez||Hostel Coco Bongo||Great location. Only hostel in Bahía as far as I know.|
|Canoa||Freeglamping||Pretty clean compared to some of the other surf hostels in town. Very cheap bike rental.|
|Rio Muchado||Rio Muchado||Very peacful and relaxed vibe. Amazing organic cafe! A restful spot away from the party!|
|Quito||Colonial House Quito||Fantastic location in the heart of Old Town. Fair prices and fast wifi.|
|Chugchilán||Hostal Cloud Forest||Best budget accommodation in an area lacking cheap digs. Includes free breakfast.|
|Cotopaxi||Hostal Cafe Tiana||Beautiful, family run hostel. The free breakfast is delicious!|
|Baños||Hostal Plantas Y Blanco||Fun environment. A great place to meet fellow backpackers looking to explore the Andes.|
|Cuenca||The Malliki Hostel||Ace prices and free breakfast. One of the best accommodation deals I found whilst backpacking Ecuador!|
|Puyo||Hostal del Rio||Very nice private rooms. Much cheaper than some of the other options in the area.|
Top Things to do in Ecuador
A truly wonderful blessing sent from the backpacker gods is that there is something for every backpacker to do in Ecuador. It is easy to meet fellow travelers sharing your Ecuador itinerary in just about every place. If you are looking for solitude, there are plenty of spots to escape from the crowds.
I have listed the top 10 most popular and best things to do in Ecuador below to get your ideas flowing for your next trip to Ecuador!
1. Learn How to Surf in Ecuador
Ecuador is brimming with world class surf breaks. The beach towns of Montañita and Manta offer a wide variety of surf schools to choose from. Want to learn how to surf for a few bucks? Rent a surfboard and make friends with some talented locals. The first time you stand up on surfboard it is pure magic, you'll see.
2. Go Scuba Diving in Machalilla National Park
The national park, which is the only coastal national park in Ecuador, incorporates fog forest, dry forest, small islands and two larger islands, Salango and the small Isla de la Plata. Large groups of giant manta rays, whales and dolphins are commonly seen here during the right season. Unfortunately, the same level of protection has not been given to Machalilla National Park as has been seen in the Galapagos. Overfishing, pollution, poaching and deforestation are common problems in the region.
Scuba Iguana runs a pretty tight ship and offers reasonably priced dive tours in Machalilla National Park.
With that said, scuba diving is usually a costly activity. In Ecuador this is quite true as well, however diving in some of the areas mentioned above is bound to be one of the highlights on your journey backpacking Ecuador.
3. Learn Spanish in Ecuador
Want to jump start your Spanish language skills? As I mentioned before, at Montañita Spanish School you can learn Spanish and take surf classes. Two new fun skills at once? Sounds like the best of both worlds to me.
If you are serious about learning Spanish, a language school is the way to go! Vamos pues!
4. Volunteer in Bahía de Caráquez
I spent a few months in Bahía de Caráquez volunteering for the wonderful non-profit organization Planet Drum. Whilst living in Bahía, I stayed in a house with other volunteer backpackers and worked a few hours a day planting trees (amongst many other things) during the week. It was very rewarding working with the land and community here.
If you are looking to spend some time in one place on the coast, I recommend Bahía. The surf here is great as well and the locals were some of the most welcoming surfers around. A part of my heart is still in Bahía. If you're going to get stuck somewhere on the coast whilst backpacking Ecuador, Bahía is the place to do it. My journey backpacking Ecuador, and really all of South America fell into place for me in Bahía.
5. Backpack the Quilotoa Loop Trek
There is a reason while the Quilotoa Loop is the most famous trek in Ecuador. This 3 or 4 day trek is a great way to connect with the stunning landscapes and the Kichwa culture of the high mountains. In the rural areas of the Andes, a traditional way of life is still the norm, and Spanish is often a second language to many of the inhabitants.
Sunrise at the Volcanic crater lake is definitely worth the early start.
6. Eat Cuy in the Andes
Not the animal some of grew up with as pets. These guinea pigs are massive and usually cooked whole over a fire, BBQ style. They can be a bit greasy, though quite tasty. The best place to try Cuy al horno (baked) in Ecuador is without a doubt in the highlands.
7. Hunt Waterfalls in Baños
Around the town of Baños is pretty much waterfall heaven. There are even beautiful hikes to waterfalls one can tackle directly from town. Pack your swim shorts and a day bag with some lunch. Soon you will find yourself surrounded by more waterfalls and swimming holes than you know what to do with.
8. Explore the Amazon Rainforest by Boat
The primary means of transport within the Amazon river system is of course by boat. Hire a guide in one of the local towns and set off to explore the jungles of your wildest imagination. Just don't fall in the river!
9. Check Out the Quito Cable Car
For spectacular views over Quito’s mountainous landscape, hop aboard the TelefériQo cable car. The journey takes passengers on a 2.5km ride (10 minutes) up the flanks of Volcán Pichincha to the top of Cruz Loma. Once you’re at the top (a mere 4100m), you can hike to the summit of Rucu Pichincha (4680m), a 4km (5-hour) round trip.
If you are fresh off of the bus from the coast, I strongly suggest you waiting a couple of days before tackling this hike. Altitude sickness is horrible and can be quite serious if you happen to be sensitive to high elevations. Backpacking Ecuador is going to put you in high places most likely, so be prepared to properly acclimatize.
10. Camp Out in Cotopaxi National Park
A night out in Cotopaxi National Park is bound to be one hell of a good time. There are numerous hiking and camping options scattered through out the park. Camping options are endless. Bringing along a good backpacking tent is essential if you want to have a successful trip!
Ecuador Travel Tips
Best time to travel to Ecuador
- Sunny, clear days in the highlands; less rain in the Oriente.
- December to April is high season on the coast: expect warm temperatures and periodic showers.
- January to May is high season in the Galápagos.
Shoulder Season (Oct-Nov)
- Cooler temperatures, more showers (usually sun in the morning and rain in the afternoon) in the highlands.
Low Season (Dec-May)
- Cooler, rainier days in the highlands.
- June to December is low season in the Galápagos, with cooler, drier weather and rougher seas.
- Low season is April to July in the Oriente, when heavy rains are common.
What to Pack for Ecuador
On every adventure, there are six things I never go traveling without:
1. Security Belt with Hidden Pocket: I never hit the road without my security belt. This is a regular looking belt with a concealed pocket on the inside – you can hide up to twenty notes inside and wear it through airport scanners without it setting them off. This is hands down the best way to hide your cash.
2.Travel Water Bottle: Always travel with a water bottle – it’ll save you money and reduce your plastic footprint on our planet. AR bottle are tough, lightweight and maintain the temperature of your beverage – so you can enjoy a cold red bull, or a hot coffee, no matter where you are. For every AR bottle sold, we donate 10% to PlasticOceans.org – an initiative to reduce plastic in our oceans!
3. Microfibre Towel: It’s always worth packing a proper towel. Hostel towels are scummy and take forever to dry. Microfibre towels dry quickly, are compact, lightweight and can be used as a blanket or yoga mat if need be.
4. Headtorch: Every backpacker should have a head torch! A decent head torch could save your life. If you want to explore caves, unlit temples, or simply find your way to the bathroom during a blackout, a headtorch is a must. Currently, I’m using the Petzl Actik Core rechargeable headlamp - an awesome piece of kit! Because it’s USB chargeable I never have to buy earth polluting batteries.
5.Hammock: Taking a tent backpacking is not always practical but hammocks are lightweight, cheap, strong, sexy (chicks dig hammocks) and allow you to pitch up for the night pretty much anywhere. Right now, I’m rocking an Active Roots parachute hammock – it’s light, colourful and tough.
6. Toiletry Bag: I always travel with a hanging toiletry bag as it’s a super efficient way to organise your bathroom stuff. Well worth having, whether you are hanging it from a tree whilst camping, or a hook in a wall, it helps to have quick access to all your stuff.
For plenty more inspiration on what to pack, check out my full backpacking packing list.
Books to read while traveling Ecuador
- The Backpacker Bible – Get it for free! Learn how to ditch your desk and travel the world on just $10 a day whilst building a life of long-term travel with an online income. To inspire and help the next generation of Broke Backpackers, you can now grab ‘How to Travel the World on $10 a Day’ for free! Get your copy here.
- The Queen of Water- In this poignant novel based on a true story, acclaimed author Laura Resau has collaborated with María Virginia Farinango to recount one girl's unforgettable journey to self-discovery. Virginia's story will speak to anyone who has ever struggled to find his or her place in the world.
- Open Veins of Latin America- One of my favorite books about Latin America. Truly a must read for anyone interested in the history of the South American continent. The book really helps to put things in perspective. A really great book to read whilst backpacking Ecuador and any other Latin American country really.
- Lonely Planet: Ecuador- Lonely Planet sold out, no doubt about it, but they still provide decent practical information from time to time.
- The Boy on the Back of a Turtle- One of the funniest and most talented writers on the planet, Quarrington employs his trademark combination of wry wit and poignant observation as he takes readers on a wide-ranging investigation of the natural world.
- Becoming an Expat Ecuador- A good book to tease your expat fantasy aspirations.
- Customs and Culture of Ecuador- An interesting read that will provide you with a better basis for understanding all of the different cultures in Ecuador.
- Indians, Oil, and Politics- For five centuries, the Indians had very little voice in Ecuador. Now they are major protagonists who seek more acceptable terms in which to coexist in a society with two vastly different world views and cultures-that of Indians and that of the descendants of Europeans. A very powerful and moving book.
Ecuador travel phrases
Besides Spanish, at least 20 other languages are spoken in Ecuador. Kichwa is one of the most common native languages spoken in the country. It has an estimated 1,000,000 speakers.
When I became fluent in Spanish, it really changed the way I was able to travel in Ecuador and beyond. It is such a useful language to know! You can speak it in over 20 countries!
Here are a few useful phrases in Spanish for your backpacking Ecuador adventure:
Apps to download before backpacking Ecuador
- Maps.Me – Prone to getting lost or taking that ‘shortcut’ that adds another few hours onto a simple walk? This app is definitely for you. My favorite offline maps app, download your map and route before you venture out to keep you on track while backpacking Ecuador.
- XE Currency – I used this a lot when backpacking Ecuador. It is a great help while calculating expenses.
- HIDE.ME – I always have a VPN ready to go on both my phone and laptop, I personally use Hide Me which is one of the fastest and most reliable options out there. This particular VPN allows for up to five connections which is handy for keeping all your devices connected without having to purchase multiple VPN packages.
Staying safe in Ecuador
Ecuador is a safe country for the most part. I personally had one bad experience whilst backpacking Ecuador, but I still believe it is a very, very safe place to be traveling.
One night, I was standing out on the street talking with my partner (a local) at the time, just outside of the volunteer house in Bahía. Two dudes rolled up on a motorbike and stuck a gun to my head. I don't know if the gun was loaded or what, but I didn't not do anything that would make us find out. It was terrifying.
They took what we had (which wasn't much, I was only wearing swim shorts) and left. Thirty seconds and it was over. This could happen in any country in the world. Armed robbery happens all the time in the USA. I was not out late, drunk, or alone either. Just a normal moment where the unusual happened.
If you find yourself in an armed robbery situation, always give up what ever you have right away. Clearly the people with the gun or knife need it more. Nothing material is worth dying for, ever.
Sex, Drugs, and Rock ‘N’ Roll in Ecuador
Ecuador borders Colombia to the north and Peru to the south. These countries, including Ecuador and Bolivia produce the whole supply of cocaine for the entire world. Coca, the plant cocaine is made from, only grows in the Andes of South America. Bacpacking Ecuador will definitely bring moments where cocaine is around.
Cocaine is plentiful and it is cheap. I won't tell you to stay away from it completely because that would make me a hypocrite. However, cocaine can be super addictive and cause serious help problems including death from overdose.
A gram of Cocaine at the time of writing goes for about $10, less if the quality is shit. It is so fucking easy to love cocaine. It makes you feel amazing, for short periods. Cocaine for a gringo learning Spanish, provides the confidence that at least makes you perceive your Spanish is coming out better than it actually is.
You must not kid yourself though. The drug trade in South America is truly a horrible industry. The toll on human life as well as the environmental destruction its production has cause have reached unimaginable levels over the years.
Maybe one day they will have free-trade semi-organic cocaine (cocaine is made with diesel among other things) that one can use and not feel the justified pangs of guilt every time one buys a gram. That day is not here yet however, so act accordingly.
Cheap, terrible-quality weed can be found in most regions as well pretty easily.
Beer and Caña are cheap and plentiful as well and they won't (usually) get you arrested.
Safe Sex in Ecuador
If you choose to be sexually active in Ecuador, then you should always use some form of protection. This is the responsibility of both male and female backpackers. Always treat your partner/lover/one-night-stand with honesty, kindness, and respect. Same goes for sex workers. The world needs more humans treating other humans better!
Travel Insurance for Ecuador
A wise man once said that if you can’t afford travel insurance, you can’t really afford to travel – so do consider backpacker insurance sorted before you head off on an adventure! Traveling without insurance would be risky. I highly recommend World Nomads.
I have been using World Nomads for some time now and made a few claims over the years. They're easy to use, offer the widest coverage, and are affordable. Also, this is the only company I know of that lets you buy travel insurance after leaving on a trip.
If there’s one insurance company I trust, it’s World Nomads. Find out why I recommend World Nomads, check out my World Nomads Insurance review.
Getting an estimate from World Nomads is simple - just click the button or image below, fill out the necessary info, and you're on your way!
Arriving in Ecuador
Arriving in Ecuador
There are two major international airports in Ecuador.
Aeropuerto Internacional Mariscal Sucre serves Quito and is the major airport of the highlands. The airport is located about 18km east of the center. This airport is one of the highest international airports in the world at 2400 meters/ 7,974 feet. Due to its location this relatively new airport is way safer and far less scary then the old one!
José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport in Guayaquil is the other main international airport in Ecuador.
TAME Ecuador’s main airline has had a good safety record in recent years. They are your go to airline if you plan on flying domestically within Ecuador.
LATAM flies internationally to New York and various cities in Peru, Argentina, Chile, Brazil and Bolivia.
Arriving by Bus
Peru and Colombia are the only countries sharing borders with Ecuador. If you are entering or leaving Ecuador, border formalities are straightforward if your documents are in order. No taxes are levied on tourists when entering or exiting overland.
If you’ve overstayed the allowed time on your T3 visa (90 days – consecutive or not – per year, beginning on your stamped entry date), you’ll have to pay a hefty fine or you will be sent back to Quito. If you don’t have an entrada (entrance) stamp, you will also be sent back.
Bus to Ecuador from Colombia
The main border crossing to Colombia is via Tulcán in the northern highlands, currently the only safe place to cross into Colombia. The border crossing north of Lago Agrio in the Oriente is unsafe due to smuggling and armed conflict in Colombia.
Bus to Ecuador from Peru
- Huaquillas - This crossing, south of Machala, gets most of the international traffic between the two countries. It consists of side-by-side border posts on the highway a few kilometers north of town. Buses to Huaquillas don't stop at this border post, though international buses (Ecuador–Peru) do stop there and wait for everyone to complete the formalities. Another option is simply hiring a taxi from Huaquillas to take you out to the border post and back.
- Macará - Increasingly popular because it’s more relaxed than the Huaquillas crossing, and the journey from Loja in the southern highlands is beautiful. Direct buses run between Loja and Piura, Peru (eight hours) via Macará, and wait for you at the border while you take care of formalities; it’s easy.
- La Balsa at Zumba- South of Vilcabamba, this little-used crossing is remote and interesting and gets little traffic. People often hang out in Vilcabamba for a few days before heading to Zumba and Peru.
Busing into Ecuador from Colombia or Peru is straightforward and usually requires walking across one of the international borders and catching another bus once you’re across (this is more complicated in Huaquillas, though). Some international bus companies offer direct, long-haul services from major cities such as Lima and Bogotá.
Arriving by River from Peru
It is possible but time-consuming to travel down the Río Napo from Ecuador to Peru, joining the Amazon near Iquitos. The border facilities are minimal, and the boats doing the journey are infrequent. It is also geographically possible to travel down Río Putumayo into Colombia and Peru. This region is said to be dangerous because of drug smuggling and terrorism, and is not recommended by authorities. In my opinion, no one will bother you if you don't go around flashing wads of cash. I honestly can't think of a better way to arrive!
Entry requirements for Ecuador
My border crossing experience at Huaquillas went pretty smoothly. I was coming in on a bus from Peru in the middle of the night. The bus stopped at the frontier and allowed everyone to get off. I got my passport stamped in about 2 minutes after a few questions from the border guards. The guards played a bit of a tough guy act but I think it was probably because they were bored.
How to Travel in Ecuador
Ecuador cheap travel by bus: Whilst backpacking Ecuador, you probably find yourself taking buses. Lots of buses! In many respects, Ecuador is pretty easy to navigate by bus. They are frequent, cheap, and safe for the most part. Depending on the time of year, some of the coastal roads can be heavily flooded. The roads turn to soup and cannot be driven on for days even by the most determined bus driver.
Try to keep small change and bills to pay for your bus fare. Avoid pulling out wads of twenty dollar bills on a crowded bus. Plan ahead and keep a few bucks handy when the time comes to pay.
In my experience, flights within Ecuador were outrageously expensive. I would only recommend flying if that is how you plan to leave the country. Backpacking Ecuador is at its cheapest when your are not in any hurry to get somewhere.
Motorcycling in Ecuador: Motorcycles and scooters are a big part of the culture for young males in Ecuador. They are abundant in just about every place you go. You can find some pretty good deals if you are looking to score a bike. Always use your best judgement when going through the process of buying a motorcycle. Don't buy a piece of shit that will leave you stranded in the middle of the Andes.
It is possible to rent motor bikes in some places where tourism is a bit more developed. The prices vary, but typically aren't crazy expensive.
Having your own wheels is a fantastic way to explore places that buses can't take you. It is generally a good idea to have some degree of familiarity with motorcycles before you set off down some mountain road in the Andes. As always be safe and always wear a helmet!
Hitchhiking in Ecuador
Hitchhiking can be fairly common place for short distances. I would not recommend hitchhiking at all in the big cities. If you are picked up by a local, especially in a very rural area, it would be appropriate to give the guy or gal a few bits. Rural Ecuador has high levels of poverty and the petrol in the cars is just another high expense for locals.
Don't take your ride for granted, but also avoid paying too much if the person suddenly decides his farm truck is now a taxi.
Onwards travel from Ecuador
So you are continuing your South American odyssey after backpacking Ecuador eh? You have several options. If you plan to go backpacking Colombia next, then it is pretty straight forward. he easiest option from the highlands would be to catch a long-distance bus from Quito to Bogota, but these buses can be quite expensive.
The cheaper option is to take local buses to the frontier and then cross over on foot at Tulcán. You can easily catch another bus on the other side at Ipiales. If you are spending time on the north coast of Ecuador towards the end of your trip, the Columbian border shouldn't be too far away depending on where you are.
Same goes for getting to Peru. You can take a long distance international bus from Guayaquil to a town like Mancora on Peru's north coast. These seem to be more affordable, and it is possible to find buses doing this route for about $25.
Backpacking Ecuador Travel Costs
Ecuador Daily Budget
My experience backpacking Ecuador was spread out over exactly 3 months. During that time I spent on average about $500 a month. This was in part due to the fact that I was volunteering for at least half of that time. Traveling Ecuador on a budget is how I was able to stay in the country right up to my visa limit.
I was also doing a lot of camping in the Andes and really used my tent often to avoid booking hostels every night. Food in Ecuador is wonderfully cheap and delicious. Avoid the touristy restaurants and you will save big time! Eat what locals eat, not just because it's cheap, but because it's fucking delicious. Public transport is also very conducive to backpacking Ecuador on a budget.
Average backpacking Ecuador costs in 2018:
Budget Backpacking in Ecuador
Backpacking Ecuador can definitely take on more cost if you are staying at fancier hostels/hotels, traveling by plane, eating out for every single meal, or visiting the Galápagos islands. If you are on a long term backpacking trip, budget accordingly, and don't forget to save a little cash for something spectacular that you really want to do! Backpacking Ecuador on a budget is quite easy really.
I would say that it is entirely realistic to backpack Ecuador for as little as $20 a day, for most of your days here traveling around.
Remember, budget focused backpacking is all about managing needs vs. wants. It is ok to deprive yourself of luxury. I have found that most good things in life don't cost that much money anyway.
Money in Ecuador
On January 7, 2000, after a complete crash of the national currency (Sucres), the government of Ecuador switched to the US dollar. Since US dollars are the official currency; they are identical to those issued in the USA. Coins of one, five, 10, 25 and 50 cents are identical in shape, size and color as their US equivalents. Both US and Ecuadorian coins are used in Ecuador. The $1 coin is widely used.
I found it so weird the first time I had US dollars again in Ecuador after leaving Peru. Lucky for us people backpacking Ecuador, the US dollar goes a lot further here then it does in the states.
ATMs are the easiest way of getting cash. They’re found in most cities and even in smaller towns, though they are occasionally out of order. Make sure you have a four-digit Personal Identification Number (PIN); many Ecuadorian ATMs don’t recognize longer ones.
Top Tips for Broke Backpackers
To keep your spending to an absolute minimum whilst backpacking Ecuador I recommend sticking to the basic rules of budget adventuring….
- Hitchhike; In Ecuador, it is relatively easy to thumb a ride. Hitchhiking is an ace way to keep your transport costs down.
- Camp; With plenty of gorgeous natural places to camp, Ecuador is a great place to sleep out.
- Eat local food; You can get a plate of rice and fish for about $2 bucks. If you’re on a real tight budget; it’s worth taking a portable stove – check out this post for info on the best backpacking stoves. Personally, I love my Jetboil, but there are many great options out there.
- Pack a travel water bottle and save money every day!
- To learn how to travel the world on $10 a day, check out the backpacker’s bible.
Joining an Organized Tour in Ecuador
For most countries, Ecuador included, solo travel is the name of the game. That said, if you are short on time, energy, or just want to be part of an awesome group of travelers you can opt to join an organized tour. Joining a tour is a great way to see a majority of the country quickly and without the effort that goes into planning a backpacking trip. However—not all tour operators are created equal—that is for sure.
G Adventures is a solid down-to-earth tour company catering to backpackers just like you, and their prices and itineraries reflect the interests of the backpacker crowd. You can score some pretty sweet deals on epic trips in Ecuador for a fraction of the price of what other tour operators charge.
Check out some of their awesome itineraries for Ecuador here…
Volunteer in Ecuador
Long term travel is awesome. Giving back is awesome too. For backpackers looking to travel long-term on a budget in Ecuador whilst making a real impact on local communities, look no further than World Packers. World Packers is an excellent platform connecting travelers with meaningful volunteer positions throughout the world.
In exchange for a few hours of work each day, your room and board are covered.
Backpackers can spend long periods of time volunteering in an awesome place without spending any money. Meaningful life and travel experiences are rooted in stepping out of your comfort zone and into the world of a purposeful project.
Worldpackers opens the doors for work opportunities in hostels, homestays, NGOs, and eco-projects around the world. We’ve tried and approved them ourselves - check out our Worldpackers in-depth review here.
If you’re ready to create a life-changing travel experience and give back to the community, join the Worldpacker community now. As a Broke Backpacker reader, you’ll get a special discount of $20. Just use the discount code BROKEBACKPACKER and your membership is discounted from $49 a year to only $29.
Make Money Online
Are you a native English speaker looking to earn cash whilst traveling the world? Teaching English online is a great way to earn a consistent income—from anywhere in the world with a good internet connection. Depending on your qualifications (or your motivation to obtain qualifications like a TEFL certificate) you can teach English remotely from your laptop, save some cash for your next adventure, and make a positive impact on the world by improving another person’s language skills! It’s a win-win! Check out this detailed article for everything you need to know to start teaching English online.
In addition to giving you the qualifications to teach English online, TEFL courses open up a huge range of opportunities and you can find teaching work all over the world. To find out more about TEFL courses and how you can teach English around the world, read my in-depth report on teaching English abroad.
Broke Backpacker readers get a 35% discount on TEFL courses with MyTEFL (simply enter the code BACKPKR), to find out more, please read my in-depth report on teaching English abroad.
Whether you are keen to teach English online or looking to take your teaching game a step further by finding a job teaching English in a foreign country, getting your TEFL certificate is absolutely a step in the right direction.
Internet in Ecuador
Ecuador has come along way in recent years in regards to internet access. When I first travelled To Ecuador in 2012, no one had smartphones (including most backpackers), and your only hope of using internet was usually going to some sort of sketchy cyber cafe.
Now, just about every hostel has pretty fast, reliable wifi. It is possible to get a local SIM card as well if you want to stay connected on the go.
In remote parts of the Andes or Amazon however, do not expect to have internet, sometimes for days. With that said, I still found myself surprised to learn some far flung villages in the Andes have wifi. Things are not what they use to be and I can only imagine the internet situation will continue to improve.
Must-Try Experiences Backpacking in Ecuador
Depending on the region you visit, there is always something new and exciting to try.
Whilst backpacking the coast of Ecuador, you really should try to give surfing a go. On many beaches the waves break for ages and catching a wave might be easier than you think. Renting a surf board costs about as much as your bar tab for a night. Do yourself a favor, skip the booze (or not) for a night and treat yourself to some fun attempting to shred the waves.
Hiking in the Andes is an absolute must. You won't believe you are in the same country once you leave the beaches for the Andes. Going from sea level to some of the highest mountains in the world in a few days is a real trip.
Then there is the food. While rice and some sort of meat or fish are pretty standard across the board, the culinary adventures awaiting you range from interesting to down right bizarre.
People in Ecuador
Whilst backpacking Ecuador I had the pleasure of getting to know many Ecuadorians. In general, the people of Ecuador have a positive outlook on life, they are kind, and they are generous. I found that most people were always happy to help if I was in need. I had some great experiences Couchsurfing in the highlands as well. Get to know some of the fine people of Ecuador, and you may just find some solid friends for life.
Dating in Ecuador
I hadn't been in the country more than a couple days, when I fell in love with a lovely lady from Bahía. On the coast, it seems the rules of the dating game are not so different from what you would expect in a western country. Though conservative catholic culture still hovers over relationships at times, for the most part I think that will be gone within a generation.
Indigenous cultures in the Andes tend to be far more conservative in both dress as well as behavior. You might get some big smiles from some of the young ladies in the hills, but don't take it as a come on, mostly they are just curious about you.
Ecuador, like most of Latin America, is dominated by machismo culture. At many levels of the society women occupy a more traditional role as a stay at home mom. Sadly, sometimes dudes just straight up act like women are inferior and they themselves are gods gift to them.
In the big cities however, this generally is not the case. The balance seems to be going the way of equality regarding the status of men and women. This is a positive step for Ecuador, and for all of Latin America in general.
I found that Ecuadorian people really like to have a good time. If you are interested in meeting someone from the opposite (or same) sex, it shouldn't be too difficult if you just put yourself out there. I have heard positive reports for the use of social apps like tinder, especially in places like Quito and Cuenca.
Food in Ecuador
Encebollado: hearty, soul-soothing fish soup. It is regarded as a national dish. Although this dish is known in all Ecuador, it is more popular on the coast of the country.It is served with boiled cassava and pickled red onion rings. A dressing of onion is prepared with fresh tomato and spices such as pepper or coriander leaves. Encebollado is commonly prepared with big chunks of albacore, but also tuna, billfish, or bonito. It may be served with ripe avocado.
Ceviche: A personal favorite of mine, ceviche can come in many different styles, but the basic concept is prawn or raw fish "cooked" in lime juice, onion, chili peppers, salt, tomatoes, cilantro, and sometimes corn. It is best when served ice cold. Avoid eating noticeably old or stinky ceviche.
Chicha: Usually, Chicha is an alcoholic brew made from corn. It can be pretty tasty and is dirt cheap. You can find non-alcoholic versions as well.
Patarashca: A highly renowned dish from Amazonia, consisting of fish grilled with a variety of vegetables such as onions, tomatoes, chilies and coriander, all wrapped and cooked to perfection in a large bijao leaf.
Festivals in Ecuador
A Month Long Party in Cuenca: Every year, the city celebrates its founding with a massive festival. If you will be around in the month of April, you will be right in the center of it. In 2018, the Cuenca’s foundation festival will be celebrated with activities from April 6-29th.
Carnival in Ecuador
While not quite as crazy as the Carnival happenings in Brazil, Ecuador is no bore when it comes to Carnival. Most towns and cities have parades and parties that feature elaborate costumes, music, dancing, food, and (lots of) drink. Carnival takes place 40 days before Easter each year, prior to the Catholic fasting period.
Over 90 percent of the population of Ecuador is Catholic, so Santa Semanta (Easter Holy Week) is the major religious event of the year.
Inti Raymi is the Festival of the Sun and has been held in Ecuador and Peru since Incan times. The main event takes place in the city of Otavalo (in Imbabura) on the Summer Solstice of June 21st and 22nd, and features indigenous people dressed in native costume “taking over” the plaza to represent the rebellion against oppression. The week-long celebration features large barbecues, bonfires, traditional dances, and parades.
Corn Festivals in Ecuador
Several regional corn festivals take place at harvest time in Ecuador. Tarqui’s Festival of the Corn is on August 16 and involves a Corn Queen competition, dances and music from local bands. The indigenous people in Otavalo hold the week-long Yamore Festival on September 1 to thank Mother Earth for the harvest and to pay homage to Nina Maria, the Catholic patron Virgin of Otalvo.
Day of the Dead in Ecuador
The Ecuadorian Day of the Dead takes place on November 2 when families in rural areas engage in a picnic feast on the graves of their ancestors, with a plate of food being set out for the dead.
Trekking in Ecuador
When you are exploring a country with the second highest mountain chain in the world, you will want to do some trekking no doubt. As I mentioned before, Ecuador is trekking paradise. I found that in many areas of the highlands, trekking is accessible and quite easy to do on your own without the use of a guide. Half of the adventure of backpacking Ecuador is leaving your comfort zone. Hiking in the Andes was one of my favorite parts of traveling in Ecuador, hands down.
One trek I must recommend is climbing Iliniza-norte. This is a fantastic 2-day trek that does not require any special gear or equipment. If you are planning to tackle Cotopaxi this is a great warm up.
Trekking around the central highlands is quite different than trekking in the very high mountains. It tends to be a bit warmer and is very green. I recommend giving yourself ample time to explore both environments. Be prepared to wait out bad weather if the outlook looks poor for a couple days.
Hiking in the Andes is best done in groups of at least two. I understand the need to go off on your own sometimes, but use wise judgement and never undertake anything that is above your ability.
I really loved getting to know some of the indigenous people while I was trekking in the Andes. The landscapes are dramatic and beautiful, yes, but it is the people that really make hiking in the Andes a special experience.
Hiking in Cajas National Park
If you visit Cuenca, then there is no reason why you shouldn't go to Cajas for at least a day or two. The park is large and there is much to see. Camping opportunities abound in Cajas National park!
The most popular hike starts at the information center and it takes you northeast past Lake Toreadora, through a beautiful forest and down past Lake Totoras and Lake Patoquinuas. The trail ends back at the highway, around 8km east of the Information Center, at the Quinuas checkpoint, where you can catch a bus back to Cuenca if that’s where you’re headed.
If you are keen to explore more beyond this popular trek, the sky is the limit. Pick up a map and other helpful information about trekking in the park at the info center.
Scuba Diving in Ecuador
The majority of divers head straight for the Galapagos Islands. The waters surrounding this group of deep-sea, volcanic islands form a protected marine reserve where virtually no commercial fishing has occurred in the last five decades. This fact combined with the area’s deep sea upwellings create one of the most biodiverse marine ecosystems in the world.
For those who wish to dive in Ecuador without the cost of traveling to the Galapagos, Machalilla National Park is known as the "poor man’s Galapagos" and features some of the same endemic species found in the famous archipelago.
Scuba Dive Ecuador on a Liveaboard Trip
Arguably the best way to go scuba diving in Ecuador is by joining a Liveaboard trip. There is no better way to experience the beautiful Galapagos Islands if that is what your going for.
These boats have the ability to travel to the northern dive sites, such as those around Darwin Island, Wolf Island and Punta Vicente Roca, which are too far from inhabited islands to be visited in a single day.
Learning about Darwin’s concept of natural selection while observing the beautiful mola mola and large schools of hammerhead sharks is a once in a lifetime diving experience.
Wake up to the beautiful sights of the ocean all around you. Spend your days diving in some of the most marine life rich waters in the world. Just be prepared to pay for the pleasure as with all things in the Galapagos.
Eat, sleep, dive, and oh yeah, eat tons of tasty food all along the way.
Sounds like a pretty sweet deal. Where do I sign up?
For more information check out the Liveaboard scuba diving trips in Ecuador here
A Brief History of Ecuador
After World War Two ended Ecuador saw an economic growth period driven by the banana trade. Large parts of the country began producing bananas for export markets, which began to damage native forests, but boosted the economy. In 1963 President Carlos Arosemena Monroy was deposed by military junta, which began to implement agrarian reform.
A few years later in 1972 oil production began and Ecuador emerged as a significant oil producer in the southern hemisphere. In the same year General Guillermo Rodriguez Lara became president after overthrowing President Velasco.
In 1982 there was a brief border war with Peru. Since that time relations with neighboring countries have been pretty stable for the most part.
In 2000 Vice-President Gustavo Noboa became president after Mr Mahuad was forced to leave office by the army and indigenous protesters; Ecuador adopted the US dollar as its national currency in an effort to beat inflation and stabilize the economy.
In April 2005 anti-government protests mushroomed after a reformed, pro-government Supreme Court dropped corruption charges against two former presidents. Congress voted to oust President Gutierrez. Alfredo Palacio replaced him.
2012 brought Ecuador again into the global news. Founder of Wikileaks Julian Assange took refuge in Ecuador's London embassy and appealed for political asylum, in order to escape extradition to Sweden on rape charges. Asylum was granted the following month, causing a diplomatic row with Britain.
April 2016 was a very rough period for many people in Ecuador, especially on the coast. More than 400 people died and 2,500 were injured in 7.8-magnitude earthquake on the Pacific coast. The town where I spent a majority of my time in Ecuador, Bahía de Caráquez, suffered huge loses. Now, almost two years removed from the quake, the strong people of Ecuador continue to forge ahead and life goes on.
Being a responsible backpacker in Ecuador
Reduce your plastic footprint: Perhaps the best thing you can do for our planet is to make sure you do NOT add to the plastic problem all over the world. Don’t buy one-use water bottles, the plastic ends up in landfill or in the ocean. Instead, pack a tough travel water bottle.
Go and watch A Plastic Ocean on Netflix – it’ll change how you view the plastic problem in the world; you need to understand what we are up against. If you think it doesn’t matter, get off my fucking site.
Don’t pick up single use plastic bags, you’re a backpacker – take your daypack if you need to go to the shop or run errands.
Bear in mind, that many animal products in countries you travel through will not be ethically farmed and won’t be of the highest quality. I’m a carnivore but when I’m on the road, I only eat chicken. Mass-farming of cows etc leads to the rainforest being cut down – which is obviously a huge problem.
Recently, my gear-venture, Active Roots has started to sell water bottles. For every Active Roots water bottle sold, we donate 10% to PlasticOceans.org – an awesome initiative aimed at educating people on the risk of single use plastic and helping to clean up our oceans. Help save the planet, whether you take an Active Roots bottle or not – TAKE RESPONSIBILITY for your plastic footprint, don’t be a dick.
Need more guidance? – Check out our post on how to be a responsible backpacker.
Backpacking Ecuador can be one hell of a party at times. Take it from me, it can be easy to get carried away. It is important to keep in mind that you are an ambassador for your country, which is awesome. We can make a positive impact on people when we travel and get rid of any ugly stereotypes that may be associated with your country.
If you visit indigenous villages or small communities in the highlands always ask before taking photos. The people who live in these villages are not exhibits in a museum. They are normal folks just living their lives. Always show them the complete respect that they deserve.
When buying a local craft, do not haggle so low that the price is unfair for the person who spent countless hours crafting it. Pay people what they are worth and contribute to the local economies as much as possible.
Avoid eating at fancy gringo-owned restaurants. I don't care how badly you want that lasagne and red wine. You make a choice with every dollar you spend. Try to spend your money in places where the experience is mutually rewarding.
Backpacking Ecuador or any country for that matter often illuminates some of the great socio-economic inequalities of the world. Never take it for granted that you are healthy and financially able to go traveling. Show the world around you some gratitude and help to make a positive impact on it.
Want to learn how to travel the world on $10 a day? Check out the Broke Backpacker’s Bible for FREE!
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Chris Lininger is a writer, photographer, and guide from California. He is an advocate for off-beat responsible travel and the preservation of the world’s wild places and spaces. Chris is also a founding member of Epic Backpacker Tours and leads expeditions to Pakistan throughout the year. He is currently riding out the pandemic in Bali. Follow his adventures on Instagram.