Costa Rica is a country famous for its breathtaking natural beauty and ecological biodiversity. Travelers have been flocking to this magical country for decades in search of Pura Vida (Pure Life). Backpacking Costa Rica is a rite of passage for any backpacker keen on exploring South or Central America.
Costa Rica is definitely the jewel in the Central American crown for a variety of reasons. The country is packed with a vast array of prime backpacker destinations. Think endless adventure opportunities for the adrenaline junkie, perfect surf beaches, steamy cloud forests, and quite possibly the most chilled out vibe anywhere on earth.
You have been hearing about Costa Rica ever since you were old enough to read a map. Life has brought you to the fortunate crossroads of deciding where your next backpacking adventure will be, eh? Good on you for choosing Costa Rica! If you have the adventure travel itch, backpacking Costa Rica offers up the perfect scratch for all of your backpacking hopes and dreams.
This Costa Rica travel guide will teach you everything you need to know to have the best possible journey exploring this truly special country. Vamos amigos!
Table of Contents
- Where to go Backpacking in Costa Rica
- Costa Rica Travel Tips
Where to go Backpacking in Costa Rica
There is no shortage of fabulous places to go backpacking in Costa Rica. The country truly has mind-boggling diversity. Due to its relatively small size and reliable bus system, it is possible to see a majority of the country in a short amount of time.
Spending time on the Pacific Coast is definitely a must if you are keen to surf or just love the beach. For adventure sports, hiking, and epic wildlife head to the mountainous interior. The Caribbean coast has a markedly different atmosphere than the Pacific. The surfing is not as good (or non-existent), but the landscapes, culture, and people are amazing.
Any way you play it, backpacking Costa Rica is non-stop fun. Too much fun at times! Whether you have a few weeks or a few months, there is a Costa Rica backpacking itinerary for everyone.
Below I have listed several travel itineraries for backpacking Costa Rica! If you have a month or more to visit Costa Rica, it’s easy to combine a couple of these itineraries and put together a larger backpacking route.
Backpacking Costa Rica One Month Itinerary #1: Costa Rica Highlights
4 Weeks: Costa Rica Highlights
If you have a month or more to commit to backpacking Costa Rica, then you can cover a lot of ground! Costa Rica really has so much to offer, and the only way you can see the whole country in one trip is to have a decent chunk of time.
If you are entering the country from the north, then the Nicoya Peninsula is an obvious starting point. Likewise, if you are entering from Panama in the south, starting around Puerto Viejo makes sense.
My advice to split your time between the coast and the interior. Unless you are a die-hard surf maniac, visiting the lush cloud forests, raging rivers and stunning mountains are a must.
Keep in mind that the beaches close to San Jose will be more crowded and can be more pricey any time of year. Once you establish what your priorities are you can go from there.
Costa Rica truly has something for every backpacker. There are a million awesome things to do in Costa Rica! You will certainly never lack for interesting adventures.
Backpacking Costa Rica Two Week Itinerary #2: The Pacific Coast
Two Weeks: Explore Costa Rica’s Pacific Coast
For this Costa Rica itinerary, I suggest at least two weeks. The Pacific Coast of Costa Rica boats world-class surf beaches, delicious seafood, and stunning national parks.
This backpacking itinerary can be travelled north or south from the capital San Jose. If you are entering Costa Rica from Nicaragua then the obvious choice is to start in the north and work south.
The Nicoya Peninsula is dotted with sleepy surf towns that feel remote even if many backpackers pass through every year. Travel on the Nicoya Peninsula is some of the slowest in all of Costa Rica. The roads are not very well maintained so the bus rides can feel longer than they should be.
Mal Pais and Montezuma are classic Costa Rican surf towns where one could easily spend a week soaking up the sun and surf.
Further South lies more beautiful beaches and the famed Corcovado National Park, known for the most biodiverse eco-system in the world. I suggest picking a few places that offer up a good mix of beach, jungle, and party.
Getting to know an area for a few days is much more rewarding than taking a bus every single day. The pace of life is slow in Costa Rica. On the coast time seems to be an irrelevant aspect of life.
Adapting to the mellow Tico lifestyle is easy. Be careful! Your two week Costa Rica travel itinerary to the Pacific coast might turn into a few months once you get a taste!
Backpacking Costa Rica 10 Day Itinerary #3: Costa Rica’s Cloudforest
Ten Days: Costa Rica’s Coast and Cloud Forest
The mountainous interior of Costa Rica could not be more different than the coast. In this itinerary, you can get the best of both worlds. You can easily spend a few days chilling out on the beach before heading to the hills.
The Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve is one of my favourite places in the whole country. If you love wildlife, trekking, and cooler temperatures, then welcome to the cloud forest! Next head to the Arenal region. The Arenal Volcano is just a few hours away from Monteverde. Pop over to the town of Fortuna and explore the surrounding area for couple days.
If you have a few extra days head south to Chirripó National Park. Climb Cerro Chirripó, which at 3,820 meters (12,530 ft) is the highest mountain in Costa Rica, though you have to book ahead! The park is home to numerous species of rare wildlife including jaguars, pumas, and tapirs.
These jungle-mountains are some of the most bio-diverse places on Earth. Due to the wildness of central Costa Rica, there is ample opportunity to get off the beaten path and really explore, so make sure you pack a great tent!
Backpacking Costa Rica 10 day itinerary #4: The Caribbean Coast
10 days: Costa Rica’s Caribbean Coast
Which coast is the best coast? That is for you to decide, amigos! In my opinion, both coasts of Costa Rica are fucking phenomenal. The country isn’t named Costa Rica (Rich Coast) for nothing right?
Backpacking the Caribbean coast does offer up some distinct differences than its Pacific counterpart. For one, the landscape is lusher and wetter. The jungle is booming with life and so are the few sleepy coastal towns.
A visit to Tortuguero National Park is bound to be a highlight of your time backpacking Costa Rica. The park isn’t easily accessed, however it is one of the most beautiful places in the whole country. Tortuguero is definitely worth the effort! What makes it so special? Every year thousands of sea turtles hatch on the beaches in Tortuguero National Park.
The Tortuguero area is also one of the wildest places in Costa Rica. I would avoid the ugly port city of Limon. There is nothing on offer for backpackers except maybe a bus out of town.
Further south lies some of Costa Rica’s best beaches, nightlife and all around fun. Puerto Viejo is the quintessential Costa Rican party town where locals and gringos let loose and chill out. The town has a bit of a rasta vibe happening, and it is not surprising that many expats from abroad choose to make Puerto Viejo their home.
The town feels like it was made for backpackers. It is touristy but not in a negative way if that is possible. Expect heaps of backpackers but also get ready for heaps of fun.
Further south still lies the quieter town of Manzanillo. There are some excellent hikes in the area that weave between beach and jungle and offer up all of the associated dramatic views and wildlife. Down here the pace is slow and everything tastes like coconut. The abundance of delicious seafood, cold beer, and cheap weed makes the southern Caribbean coast one fantastic place to spend some time.
This 10 day Costa Rica backpacking itinerary follows the obvious route if you are planning to backpack Panama next.
Now that we’ve covered some of the best travel itineraries for backpacking Costa Rica, let’s dive in and explore some of the best places to visit in Costa Rica on your adventure…
For most backpackers, San Jose is more of a travel hub than it is a destination. I found San Jose to be pretty chill in comparison to other Central American capital cities.
To be honest, San Jose can’t really be avoided as you move about the country. Many parts of the country can be accessed from buses departing the main bus station. The “Coca-Cola” bus terminal as it is called is located in a sketchy neighbourhood. You shouldn’t experience any problems; however, keep an eye out for pickpockets and scammers.
If you have a day or two to kill in San Jose, I recommend heading to the Avenida Central area. This busy boulevard makes for a good base to explore the downtown area, shops, restaurants, and museums.
The Costa Rica National Museum is pretty good value and makes for an afternoon well spent.
San Jose is definitely not as sketchy or dangerous as say Guatemala City is; however, think twice before roaming around unknown neighbourhoods after the sun goes down.
Here is our review of the best hostels in San Jose.
Backpacking Playa Del Coco
Playa Del Coco is a popular beach town located on Costa Rica’s northern coast. If you are coming across the border from Nicaragua, the beach is only a few hours away by bus.
Playa Del Coco has really exploded with development over the last decade. A stopover here is fun, but I would not recommend staying more than a day or two. There is a fun nightlife scene and some great scuba diving opportunities off the coast.
Playa Del Coco is notorious for a large number of sex workers operating here. If a “local” girl is flirting with you just a little too hard at the bar, then you know why. Something to be aware of is that I have heard a number of the sex workers in Playa Del Coco are minors (under 18).
Backpacking the Nicoya Peninsula
The Nicoya Peninsula is famous the world over for its fabulous surf breaks and reputation for being a paradise for backpackers. Alas, the reputation is true! I thoroughly enjoyed my time cruising around the Nicoya for a number of reasons.
The beaches truly are incredible and if you are looking to try surfing for the first time, you have come to the right place. My ex-girlfriend who had the balance of a drunken sailor even managed to catch a few waves down here.
Parts of the Nicoya Peninsula are sparsely inhabited. The towns are small and still have dirt roads running through them. If you are looking for an alternative reality for a week or more, look no further than the Nicoya Peninsula!
Though Montezuma is located in a remote part of the NP, there is plenty to keep you busy here. The secret is out and Montezuma has a well-developed infrastructure for hosting travellers. There is a great community of backpackers based in Montezuma and if you have even the slightest hippie tendency you will make friends in no time flat.
Surfing and beer drinking are the obvious official activities here. Inland you can find a handful of stunning hikes and waterfalls. If you prefer water sports, go scuba-diving or sea kayaking.
There are a handful of yoga retreat places around town too if you’re looking for that sort of thing.
Backpacking Santa Teresa
Another surf mecca town on the NP is Santa Teresa. If you haven’t gotten the message by now, this region of Costa Rica lives and breathes surfing. I can’t think of a better place to learn.
The town of Santa Teresa hasn’t got much going on other than its main strip of hostels, surf shacks, and cafes. If you are interested in photography, head to the beach at sundown and capture the sky as it explodes with color over the sea. The beach at Santa Teresa is one of the most beautiful places I have found myself whilst backpacking anywhere in the world. Check out this post for a full guide to Santa Teresa.
Spend your days catching waves and your evenings chilling out with your new mates on the beach. If this isn’t paradise I don’t know what is.
If you are coming to Manuel Antonio National Park then you will pass a night or two in Quepos. Quepos is nice enough but the real draw here is without a doubt, the national park. The Rainmaker reserve just north of Quepos is a great alternative to the crowds of Manuel Antonio National Park.
If you are in town for the weekend, definitely hit up the Quepos Farmers Market. As a general rule, you should be eating as much avocado, bananas, and mango as humanly possible whilst backpacking Costa Rica!
Backpacking Manuel Antonio National Park
M.A. National Park is beautiful and it is also extremely popular. There are a number of hiking paths that weave between jungle and the beach that offer. I recommend that you come to the park as early as possible to avoid the crowds. You will never avoid them completely; however, there are parts of the park where certainly fewer people go.
The beach at Playa Biesanz is one of the less visited gems of the park. This beautiful cove is a great place to go swimming and just chill out on the beach with some snacks. If you leave food out of your backpack while you are swimming, you can be pretty sure monkeys will steal it.
Backpacking Corcovado National Park
If you thought Manuel Antonio was beautiful but too crowded then you will be blown away by Corcovado.
Corcovado National Park is a place filled with deserted beaches, lush rainforest, and a system of awesome hiking trails.
Camping in the park is possible, though only near the ranger stations. One must book these in advance and spots are limited, so jump on making reservations if you can.
Since Corcovado is a pretty wild place there is an abundance of wildlife around every corner. Crocodiles live in the rivers so be careful when you cross them!
I have heard that backpackers can no longer do multi-day hikes in the park without a guide, and it can be quite expensive. I cannot speak to how strictly this is enforced. If you do end up taking a guide, remember to shop around and find the best deal for yourself.
Costa Rica’s southern Pacific coast is dotted with charming beach towns. Pavones ranks pretty high on the list. It is a place where the real world ceases to exist. Surfers, hippies, and backpackers come here every year and never leave. Between Pavones and Punta Banco, there are a series of freshwater swimming holes that really hit the spot on those sweltering sunny days.
The second longest left breaking surf wave in the world can be found in Pavones. Surfboard rentals are a bit expensive here ($15+/day). I advise splitting the cost with a friend or two and taking turns throughout the day.
It is quite the effort to arrive at Pavones because of its geographical location. If you make it this far south, you will be rewarded with one of the best beaches and coolest vibes anywhere in the hemisphere. The nearby town of Uvita makes for another good spot to base yourself. Uvita is home to the legendary Envision Music and Arts Festival which usually takes place in February every year.
Oh Monteverde. For the last 30+ years, Monteverde has been attracting nature lovers from around the globe like a magnet.
The Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve is one of the most visited places in Costa Rica. That said, I believe it is a must-visit destination on your journey backpacking Costa Rica.
The absolutely stunning scenery and biodiversity make up its unique charm. Hiking in the reserve is a once in a lifetime experience. Due to its size, it is easy to find yourself alone for extended periods in the park. It is also possible to arrange a nighttime visit to the park to experience all of the nocturnal creatures that come out to play in the dark.
The town of Monteverde boasts a fun nightlife and a selection of fine cafes serving up some of the tastiest goddamn coffee in the whole country.
Bring a good rain jacket as the downpours can be sudden and fierce.
Backpacking La Fortuna
La Fortuna makes for a great base if you are planning to explore the region around the Arenal Volcano. The town is extremely touristy, though the surrounding area is gorgeous and definitely worthy of exploration. You shouldn’t spend too much time in town unless you are eating or sleeping.
Going for a hike in Arenal Volcano National Park and soaking in natural hot pools rank as favorite activities here. You do not need to have a guide to go to the national park. There are many folks on the street in La Fortuna who will try to get you to hire them. Hiking in the park is very easy to sort out on your own, so don’t fall for it!
If adrenaline sports are your thing, there are an infinity of operators willing and ready to fulfill your canyoning or rafting dreams.
Backpacking San Isidro de El General
San Isidro is a typical Tico town in many respects. It is conveniently located just an hour away from the Dominical beach. Costa Rica’s highest mountain, Cerro Chirripo is only a short drive away. If you are looking to explore this part of Costa Rica, San Isidro makes for an easy base to explore the surrounding region and national park at Cerro Chirripo.
Climbing Cerro Chirripo (12,533 feet) is definitely worth the effort! On a clear day, you can see both the Pacific and Carribean coasts from the summit. The 11-mile hike to the top can be stretched over two days, with an overnight (or wild) camp at the ranger’s station.
The Nauyaca waterfalls are roughly 30 minutes from the town center and make for an excellent day trip complete with a swim below the falls!
Backpacking Tortuguero National Park
One of the most beautiful and wild places in Central America? Yes. A budget backpacker destination? Not exactly. Let’s face it. Costa Rica can be an expensive place to travel at times.
With a visit to Tortuguero, there is simply no avoiding incurring some steep cost. Tortuguero is very remote and difficult to access. All of the supplies from the outside are brought in by boat. The prices reflect that.
With that said, a trip here is bound to be ultra rewarding. Its beaches are famous nesting grounds for sea turtles, including endangered green turtles. The park’s freshwater creeks and lagoons, which can be navigated by boat or canoe, shelter spectacled caimans, and river turtles.
The jungle is so dense and untouched it gives you a feeling of what the landscape looked like across Central America before human development. If you are prepared to pay a bit for the pleasure of visiting Tortuguero than you will find some of the best off the beaten path adventure in Costa Rica.
Backpacking Puerto Viejo
Puerto Viejo is one of my favorite places in Costa Rica. Despite it being brimming with gringos and pricier than it should be, Puerto Viejo is one fine place to spend some time.
Located at the southern end of Costa Rica’s Carribean coast, Puerto Viejo has a lot going for it. There are ample diving and surfing opportunities as well as a vibrant international party scene.
There is an endless amount of accommodation options here too spanning all budgets. It is possible to pitch your tent at one of the surf camps for about $8/night. Puerto Viejo has a variety of fantastic places to eat as well, showing off the diversity of its inhabitants.
One thing I found frustrating is the fact that there is no clean drinking water in Puerto Viejo. They really gouge you on the price of water bottles ($2-3 per liter). Plus you end up buying heaps of plastic and contributing to the destruction of the planet.
I recommend filling up your bottles at your hostel if they have a filtration system. Or as stupid as this sounds, bring several gallons (or more) with you from another city. You will definitely save some money. I did it, and I did not feel stupid hauling water around with me.
Located just a short drive south from Puerto Viejo is Manzanillo. If the party scene has become too much for you or you are just seeking some quieter environment, come to Manzanillo. The beaches are great and a hike through the jungle just out of town is not to be missed!
The Gandoca Manzanillo Wildlife Reserve has some excellent hiking trails and almost no people.
One of the best nights of my life was spent at the Nature Observatorio tree house in the middle of the jungle. This is by far the most expensive lodging I have ever paid for on a backpacking trip but I must say it was totally worth it.
The tree house is literally in the middle of the jungle. The super cool builder/owner even hikes out a hot meal of your choosing along with a bottle of wine!
A 30-meter climb into a masterfully constructed treehouse complete with a hot shower and ultra-comfy mattress in the canopy of the rainforest is every bit as dreamy as it sounds. If you are looking for one cool and unique experience where you sleep suspended in the air as toucans, parrots, and monkeys mill around, I highly recommend staying here for a night! If ever you were going to blow your budget on something, do it here!
Off the Beaten Path Travel in Costa Rica
Despite Costa Rica being one of the most popular travel destinations on earth, there is still room to travel off of the beaten path. Explore the national parks, numerous nature reserves, and remote coastlines. In most places, it only takes a little effort to escape the crowds.
The Carribean and Pacific Coasts are teaming with adventure possibilities to explore. The wild nature of the interior also provides endless hiking and exploration potential.
Most regions in Costa Rica have a wide variety of budget accommodation options. These range from your standard backpacker hostel to crude surf camps on the beach. Many of the towns with a more developed tourism infrastructure have pricer hotels and mountain lodges.
Almost always though, it is possible to find a budget option. Prices vary but the average price of a dorm bed throughout Costa Rica is between $10-15 USD. If you are traveling as a couple it usually ends up making sense to go for a private room as the price will be about the same.
Check out our post covering some of the best hostels in Costa Rica.
If you are keen to camp, many hostels offer camping as an option. Camping prices also vary greatly but in my opinion, they are more expensive than they should be. A campsite at a hostel or surf camp (with your own tent) will run you back between $5-10 per night.
Otherwise, Couch Surfing is the cheapest (free) way to go, and a great way to meet other locals; however, some of the places will not have much of a couch surfing scene. I believe Costa Rica suffers from too many backpackers looking for Couchsurfing, which has resulted in hosts that receive far more requests than they can or want to handle.
Airbnb is huge in Costa Rica, and you can find some awesome apartments for cheap prices. Follow this link for $35 free credit.
|Location||Hostel||Why we like it?!|
|San Jose||Robles Hostel||Great amenities like a swimming pool, hammocks, fast wi-fi, a pool table, and hot showers.|
|Montezuma||Proyecto Montezuma Hostel||Great staff and unbeatable location atop a small cliff overlooking the ocean! Natural springs nearby.|
|Santa Teresa||Hostel Dos Monos South||Great staff and close walk to the beach.|
|Quepos||Hy Paradise Inn||The staff are great. Option to sleep in dorms.|
|Manuel Antonio||Hostel Plinio||Clean and comfortable; and has a taco bar. A minute from the beach and the national park.|
|Uvita||Cascada Verde||Great kitchen, yoga deck, and remote location.|
|Monteverde||Monteverde Backpackers||Located on main street; fully equipped kitchen; helpful staff.|
|La Fortuna||Howler Monkey Hostel||Comfortable beds, kitchen, and social area.|
|Puerto Viejo||Hostel Bikini||Decent hostel, fully-equipped kitchen, and friendly and helpful staff.|
Top Things to Do in Costa Rica
Whether you love the beach, the mountains, or the jungle, Costa Rica has something incredible to discover in each of its distinctly different regions. The possibilities are endless really. Explore until your heart’s content and love every single minute of it.
I have listed the top 10 most popular and best things to do in Costa Rica below to get your ideas flowing for your next trip backpacking Costa Rica!
1. Visit Corcovado National Park
Want to see some of Costa Rica unique wildlife? Come to Corcovado and explore the park on foot.
2. Learn How to Surf
Costa Rica has some of the best waves in the world. Want to make your daily routine something straight out of Endless Summer? Shouldn’t be too hard to achieve that.
3. Study Spanish
Though you can get by in Costa Rica with English alone, learning Spanish will certainly open doors for you. Knowing a bit of Spanish will allow you to connect more easily with locals, get better prices, and will generally make traveling easier for you in Latin America.
4. Climb Cerro Chirripo
Explore one of Costa Rica’s most beautiful areas whilst climbing the highest mountain in the country.
5. Explore the Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve
A hike through the Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve is bound to be another great Costa Rica backpacking experience. See how many different orchids you can spot?
6. Stay in a Tree House in the Jungle
It requires some cash, but the stay in the tree house in the middle of the jungle was by far one of the coolest experiences I have ever had in my many years of traveling. If I had to choose between budgeting a beer tab for three weeks or staying in a jungle tree house for one night, I’d go with the tree house every time!
7. Drink Rum on the Beach
Rum is abundant. It is cheap. And rum on the beach with some good friends? A damn good time.
8. Watch a Coastal Sunrise and Sunset
I implore you to catch one of each on both coasts if you can swing it. I believe in you! In most cases, you will have the beach to yourself to catch the sunrise.
9. Kayak Tortuguero National Park
You have made it this far into Tortuguero now explore the hidden gems of the park under your own steam.
10. Scuba Dive in Costa Rica
Scuba Diving isn’t the cheapest activity, but if you can afford a dive or two, the diving is world class and will leave you grinning like a fool. Check out this post for even more epic things to do in Costa Rica.
Below we have provided essential information and Costa Rica travel tips for your backpacking adventure, including the best time to travel to Costa Rica, how much to budget for Costa Rica, and a guide to Costa Rican cuisine.
Books to read while traveling Costa Rica
These are some of my favorite travel reads and books set in Costa Rica which you should consider picking up before you begin your backpacking adventure…
The Backpacker Bible: Learn how to ditch your desk and travel the world on just $10 a day whilst building an online income.
Assault on Paradise: Assault on Paradise vividly depicts the Conquistadores and the Church invading Central America, impoverishing one world to enrich another.
Coffee and Power: In the revolutionary decade between 1979 and 1992, it would have been difficult to find three political systems as different as death-squad-dominated El Salvador, peaceful social-democratic Costa Rica, and revolutionary Sandinista Nicaragua. Learn about the complicated history of the region and how these events have shaped the country.
The Ticos: Culture and Social Change in Costa Rica: Written with the perspective of more than half a century of first-hand observation, this unparalleled social and cultural history describes how Costa Rica’s economy, government, education and health-care systems, family structures, religion, and other institutions have evolved.
The Birds of Costa Rica: Love birds? Costa Rica is packed with more species than many places on earth combined. This field guide will certainly help you make sense of the bird populations in Costa Rica.
Contemporary Costa Rican Poetry: This is the first Spanish/English bilingual anthology of contemporary Costa Rican poetry ever published. It contains a careful selection of poetry published since 1990, and includes Costa Rica’s finest poets and most representative current trends.
Lonely Planet Costa Rica: Relevant, up-to-date advice and tips for backpacking Costa Rica.
Costa Rica Travel Phrases
Learning a bit of Spanish is a great way to get the most out of your trip. When I became fluent in Spanish, it really changed the way I was able to travel in Costa Rica and beyond. It is such a useful language to know! You can speak it in over 20 countries!
Here are a few helpful Costa Rica travel phrases with English translations for your backpacking Costa Rica adventure:
Staying Safe in Costa Rica
In my experience backpacking Costa Rica, there was never a time when I didn’t feel safe. Costa Rica has very low rates of violent crime when compared to other countries in the region. Use your common sense and avoid being out late at night in the unfamiliar areas of big cities.
In general being out late, drunk, and alone is a recipe for trouble anywhere in the world. There have been reports of backpackers getting held up on remote sections of beach on both coasts. Odds are you should be just fine. If ever you run into a hold-up situation give them what they want and don’t resist. Your Iphone and wallet are never worth dying over, ever!
I strongly recommend travelling with a headlamp whilst in Costa Rica (or anywhere really – every backpacker should have a good headtorch!) – check out my post for a breakdown of the best value headlamps to take backpacking.
Be aware that Costa Rica is home to many species of poisonous spiders, snakes, and other dangerous creatures. Always watch your step when trekking through the jungle. Never stick your hand somewhere you haven’t first seen with your eyes.
For more information about safety in Costa Rica, refer to our seperate guide here.
Sex, Drugs and Rock ‘n’ Roll in Costa Rica
Costa Rica is definitely a place where locals and backpackers like to get down. While beer and liquor are relatively cheap, night after night of partying can burn a huge hole in your pocket. A variety of drugs are readily available also.
Cheap weed of varying quality can be found as easily as bottled water in many of the popular surf towns. This is especially true on the Caribbean coast and in Puerto Viejo in particular. Cocaine is also pretty free-flowing at times. While sniffing a little coke can be fun, remember the industry you are funding is responsible for hundreds of thousands of deaths all over South and Central America. There is no legitimate argument for ethical cocaine, however, the choice is yours to make. I would be a hypocrite if I told you to stay away from it alltogether.
Ticos love a good party and they are happy for gringos to join them for a good time. Remember to pace yourself. A night out doesn’t have to involve slamming beer and shots as fast as you can.
Get Insured before Backpacking Costa Rica
Get insurance! Even if you are only going on a short trip, you should always travel with insurance. Have fun on your Costa Rica backpacking adventure, but take it from someone who has racked up thousands of bucks on an insurance claim before, you need it.
As a wise man once said, if you can’t afford travel insurance, you shouldn’t be traveling – so be sure to get your backpacker insurance sorted before you head off on an adventure! I highly recommend World Nomads.
Find out why I recommend World Nomads, check out my World Nomads Insurance review. Even if you don’t get insurance with World Nomads, Please do get some sort of insurance from somewhere, there are lots of decent options online.
What to Pack for Costa Rica
On every adventure, there are five things I never go traveling without:
1. Security Belt with Hidden Pocket: I never hit the road without my security belt. This is a regular looking belt with a concealed pocket on the inside – you can hide up to twenty notes inside and wear it through airport scanners without it setting them off. This is hands down the best way to hide your cash.
2.Travel Water Bottle: Always travel with a water bottle – it’ll save you money and reduce your plastic footprint on our planet. AR bottle are tough, lightweight and maintain the temperature of your beverage – so you can enjoy a cold red bull, or a hot coffee, no matter where you are. For every AR bottle sold, we donate 10% to PlasticOceans.org – an initiative to reduce plastic in our oceans!
3. Microfibre Towel: It’s always worth packing a proper towel. Hostel towels are scummy and take forever to dry. Microfibre towels dry quickly, are compact, lightweight and can be used as a blanket or yoga mat if need be.
4. Headtorch: I would never travel without a headtorch. Even if you only end up using it once, a decent head torch could save your life. If you want to explore caves, unlit temples or simply find your way to the bathroom during a blackout, a headtorch is a must. Currently, I’m using the Petzl LED headlamp with red light (which insects can’t see).
5. Hammock: Taking a tent backpacking is not always practical but hammocks are lightweight, cheap, strong, sexy (chicks dig hammocks) and allow you to pitch up for the night pretty much anywhere. Right now, I’m rocking an Active Roots parachute hammock – it’s light, colorful and tough.
For plenty more inspiration on what to pack, check out my full backpacking packing list.
Best Time to Travel to Costa Rica
Costa Rica has two distinct seasons: A dry season that runs from December through April, and a rainy season that runs from May through November. When Americans and Europeans are tired of freezing their asses off in the winter, they usually head down to Costa Rica en masse. December to February are very busy months in Costa Rica.
Make sure to book far in advance during Semana Santa (Latin America’s Easter holiday week). Many domestic tourists will be on holiday. Americans also have this week off.
If you plan on spending a lot of time doing outdoor activities, then the dry season is the obvious choice to visit. If your backpacking trip is more focused on doing yoga, Spanish, or permaculture schools, then really you can come any time of the year. November and June are great months to visit. The prices and crowds are at their lowest.
Apps to download before traveling to Costa Rica
Maps.Me – Prone to getting lost or taking that ‘shortcut’ that adds another few hours onto a simple walk? This app is definitely for you. My favorite offline maps app, download your map, and route before you venture out to keep you on track while backpacking Costa Rica.
XE Currency – I used this a lot when I was backpacking Costa Rica. It is a great help while calculating expenses.
HIDE.ME – I always have a VPN ready to go on both my phone and laptop, I personally use Hide Me which is one of the fastest and most reliable options out there. This particular VPN allows for up to five connections which is handy for keeping all your devices connected without having to purchase multiple VPN packages.
Costa Rica Travel Guide to Getting Around
Costa Rica has two international airports, one in San Jose, and the other in Liberia near the northern Nicoya Peninsula. You can fly into whichever is most convenient for your itinerary.
There are also border crossings from the north and south. Most people cross into La Cruz from the southwestern part of Nicaragua, or cross into Panama near Puerto Viejo and Manzanillo by bus.
Entry Requirements for Costa Rica
Costa Rica has pretty lax requirements for citizens of many countries. Citizens from the EU, USA, Canada, and Australia do not need to apply for visas before arriving. For a complete list of countries that do not need to apply for visas before arriving, click here.
There is decent public transportation linking the international airport in San Jose to the city center. Do not opt for a taxi unless absolutely necessary!
If you are arriving at a land border, you must present a return ticket home or a ticket out of the country within 90 days. This is very important! They will not let you pass through into Costa Rica without this information! If you are not in possession of a plane ticket, you can buy an international bus ticket with an open date on it.
The two most common border crossings are at Penas Blancas in Nicaragua and Paso Canoas in Panama.
How to Travel in Costa Rica
Costa Rica has a pretty solid network of buses that seem to run on time for the most part. I found the public transportation in Costa Rica to be efficient, but also the most expensive anywhere in Central America. For ease and convenience, buses are definitely the way to go.
Taxi are abundant as well if you are needing to get to a place where buses don’t run. I would personally avoid taxis at all costs because they tend to be very expensive. If your haggle game is on point you might be able to get a decent rate, but don’t count on it. Uber is available too, especially in San Jose and it’s a cheaper alternative to getting a taxi.
Hitchhiking in Costa Rica
For short distances hitchhiking is certainly an option. Hitchhiking is a pretty common mode of transport in rural areas and remote coastal towns. If you are picked up, it would be a nice gesture to offer the driver a buck or two.
I wouldn’t try to hitchhike out of any major cities. People in the countryside are far more likely to offer you a ride than city folk. If a person stops to offer a ride and then starts talking about a price, walk away.
They are clearly not aware of what hitchhiking is all about. I am always amazed when normal citizens suddenly turn into a taxi driver when confronted with a gringo on the highway.
For more hitchhiking tips, check out Will’s hitchhiking 101 post.
Onward Travel from Costa Rica
Getting to one of the countries neighboring Costa Rica is easy and straightforward. You can take a bus to the border and then walk across to catch another bus or taxi on the other side. For land borders, you must pay a departure tax of $7 USD.
If you are leaving via the international airport in San Jose then you must pay a $29 USD departure tax! I have paid this damn tax three times on my various backpacking trips, and every time it is annoying. Annoying but mandatory. C‘est la vie.
If you have been traveling around Central or South America, the high prices in Costa Rica will come as a shock. At times Costa Rica can be an expensive country to travel. They don’t call it the Switzerland of Latin America for nothing.
If you are on a long-term backpacking trip, budget accordingly, and don’t forget to save a little cash for something spectacular that you really want to do!
Backpacking Costa Rica on a budget is quite easy really. During my time backpacking Costa Rica, I spent on average $30 USD a day. I’d say it is possible to backpack Costa Rica for as little as $15-20 a day if you are really budget conscious. $10 a day would be pushing it. That said, there are plenty of surf bums doing just that.
Money in Costa Rica
The currency in Costa Rica is the Costa Rican Colon. US dollars are excepted widely, however not everywhere.
ATMs are widely available everywhere, but you can expect a withdrawal fee for international bank cards, which is why I travel with a debit card that refunds me for transaction fees. (Americans, I recommend checking out Charles Schwab!)
|You should always have some emergency cash hidden on you and Will (Broke Backpacker founder) has written an entire post on the best places to hide your money. If you want to carry a fair bit of cash safely on your body, your best bet is to get hold of a backpacker belt with a hidden security pocket.|
Top Tips For Broke Backpackers
Camp: With plenty of gorgeous places to sleep out, Costa Rica can be a great place to camp in the rural areas. Check out this post for a breakdown of the best tents to take backpacking. Or, if you’re feeling really adventurous and want to save some cash, consider picking up a backpacking hammock.
Cooking: If you are camping a lot or really want to save some cash, it could be worth bringing a portable backpacking stove so you can do some of your own cooking.
Couchsurf: Costa Ricans (Ticos) are awesome, and I am so grateful I was able to explore its cities with local friends. Check out Couchsurfing to make some real friendships and see this country from the perspective of locals.
Hitchhike: Where appropriate, hitchhiking is a great way to save money on transportation costs.
Pack a travel water bottle and save money every day!
To learn how to travel the world on $10 a day, check out the backpacker’s bible.
Volunteer in Costa Rica
Long term travel is awesome. Giving back is awesome too. For backpackers looking to travel long-term on a budget in Costa Rica whilst making a real impact on local communities, look no further than World Packers. World Packers is an excellent platform connecting travelers with meaningful volunteer positions throughout the world.
In exchange for a few hours of work each day, your room and board are covered.
Backpackers can spend long periods of time volunteering in an awesome place without spending any money. Meaningful life and travel experiences are rooted in stepping out of your comfort zone and into the world of a purposeful project. World Packers opens the doors for work opportunities in hostels, homestays, NGOs and eco-projects around the world. Broke Backpacker readers get a special discount of $20 – just use this discount code BROKEBACKPACKER and membership is discounted from $49 a year to $29.
Travel Costa Rica For Free
Are you a native English speaker looking to earn cash whilst traveling the world? Teaching English online is a great way to earn a consistent income—from anywhere in the world with a good internet connection. Depending on your qualifications (or your motivation to obtain qualifications like a TEFL certificate) you can teach English remotely from your laptop, save some cash for your next adventure, and make a positive impact on the world by improving another person’s language skills! It’s a win-win! Check out this detailed article for everything you need to know to start teaching English online.
In addition to giving you the qualifications to teach English online, TEFL courses open up a huge range of opportunities and you can find teaching work all over the world. To find out more about TEFL courses and how you can teach English around the world, read my in-depth report on teaching English abroad.
Broke Backpacker readers get a 35% discount on TEFL courses with MyTEFL (simply enter the code BACKPKR), to find out more, please read my in-depth report on teaching English abroad.
Whether you are keen to teach English online or looking to take your teaching game a step further by finding a job teaching English in a foreign country, getting your TEFL certificate is absolutely a step in the right direction.
Internet in Costa Rica
The internet situation is pretty good in Costa Rica. As a general rule, most hostels offer free WiFi. Sometimes the speed is turtle pace, other times it is surprisingly fast. Many cafes and bars also offer WiFi when you buy a drink or a meal.
In very remote areas of the country, there might be days where you don’t have internet. Enjoy the hell out of your technology detox!
Must Try Experiences Backpacking in Costa Rica
People in Costa Rica
The people in Costa Rica, also known as Ticos, tend to live by their national mantra, pura vida, whic mean pure life. Generally, Costa Ricans are easygoing, and enjoy the simple things in life.
There is a larger middle class in Costa Rica than in other Central American countries, but that doesn’t mean there isn’t a wealth gap here. Most Ticos make their income from the booming tourism industry, but certain remote regions of Costa Rica cannot benefit from the industry as easily. Moreover, the tourism industry is also driving up the cost of living – unattainably so for many Ticos.
Here, you will find more citizens concerned about the environment than elsewhere in the world. Costa Rica has a popular eco-tourism industry, and much of the economy depends on keeping the environment pristine. This is another reason the cost to travel here is more expensive than other places in Central America.
Food in Costa Rica
From fresh fruits and coconut water to tasty Gallo Pinto and fresh seafood, Costa Rican cuisine is some of the best in all of Central America! The local soda restaurants will be your cheapest option for eating out.
As you travel around be sure to hit up the various farmers markets each town has to offer. Buying at local markets is a great way to have the freshest produce and it supports local farmers! Your backpacking Costa Rica experience will not be complete unless you are hauling around a backpack full of mango and banana on occasion!
Best Costa Rican Cuisine
Gallo Pinto: The national dish of Costa Rica! It consists of rice and beans stir-fried together in a pan to create a speckled appearance. It is usually served for breakfast along with scrambled or fried eggs and sour cream or cheese
Casado: A typical lunch dish involving some sort of meat or fish, fried plantains, and salad.
Chifrijo: A fried crispy pork dish served with rice and pico de gallo, a fresh salsa, and tortilla chips. The perfect bar snack!
Olla de carne: A hearty stew containing beef, cassava (a starchy tuber used in Tico cooking), potatoes, corn, green plantains, squash or chayote, and other vegetables.
Ceviche: A popular seafood dish found throughout Latin America. Ceviche is made up of raw fish marinated in lime juice, tomatoes, onions, cilantro, and chili. Always a personal favorite of mine!
Drinking in Costa Rica
Imperial Beer: The national beer of Costa Rica. The beer and the tank-tops baring its likeness can be found everywhere within the country.
Batidos: Fresh fruit smoothies made from every variety of fruit imaginable. Usually contains milk.
Ginger Beer: Homemade ginger beer can be found in various parts of the Caribbean Coast.
Fresh Coconut Water: Perhaps no other beverage on earth can bring as much joy as a fresh cold sweet coconut water on a hot day.
Guaro: A cheap, abundant sugar cane spirit that is the base for a number of local mixed drinks.
Trekking in Costa Rica
Some of the best treks in Central American can be found within the borders of Costa Rica. As a nation bursting with natural beauty, you must absolutely make time to tackle a few epic treks! Costa Rica has amazing national parks filled with hiking trails. Here I have listed a few of my personal favorites.
Monteverde Cloud Forest Hike: Soak in the sights and sounds of one of Costa Rica’s ecological gems.
Arenal Volcano National Park: Hike amongst an active volcano? Why the hell not? Most of Costa Rica’s 850 species of bird can be found here, including the endangered quetzal. The park is home to white-faced monkeys, jaguar, coati, and toucans. Try the sweet hike to the Chato Volcano. The hike takes you through lush rainforest, and old lava beds. At the end you are rewarded with a nice lake in an old crater.
Tenorio Volcano National Park: Have you ever seen pictures of a river in Costa Rica where the water looks unnaturally blue? Look no farther than Tenorio because that river lives here. If the color of the water doesn’t blow your mind, then the waterfalls certainly will. Try to avoid weekends though. The park becomes crowded with foreign and local visitors alike.
Corcovado National Park: If you want to experience a real multi-day hiking adventure, come to Corcovado. You will need to take a guide, but after seeing what you have to navigate, you’ll be happy you took one.
Rincon de la Vieja National Park: If ever Yellowstone had a little brother who spoke Spanish, he would live at Rincon de la Vieja National Park. Geothermal pools, waterfalls, and mysterious puffs of steam make up this sulfur-scented landscape. Come and explore this totally unique part of Costa Rica. Trails begin from the Santa Maria ranger station and wind throughout the park. Avoid taking detours in this park. You don’t want to end up falling into a hole filled with boiling water.
Scuba Diving in Costa Rica
Costa Rica is blessed with great diving on both coasts. The diving is very different mind you. Those folks who have experience diving in tropical waters might find diving in the Pacific Ocean a little less “wow.” The visibility is not as good; however, it is still a fine time. If you do go diving, make sure you go on a day when the sea is relatively calm.
Some folks might not agree with me and say the diving is in fact better on the Pacific side. It all depends on your experience, the conditions, and what you were able to see!
Scuba Diving in Costa Rica can be a bit expensive. If you really want to go diving I can understand. I recommend picking one or two places where you are really keen on diving and going for it. That way you can get some diving in without spending too much checking out a bunch of different sites.
Rumor has it that Cahuita National Park and Gandoca Manzanillo Wildlife Refuge offer up the best diving and snorkeling in the whole country. Get your wetsuit on and find out for yourself!
Scuba Diving Costa Rica on a Liveaboard Trip
Really love diving? One of the best ways to discover the wonders of scuba diving in any country is to go on a Liveaboard Trip.
Liveaboard trips provide the opportunity to really get to know some truly off the beaten path dive sites with a group of like-minded folks. Plus you get to travel and sleep on a sweet boat as well.
Scuba dive by day, socialize by night, and oh yeah: eat tons of good food along the way…
Sounds pretty dreamy right?
Festivals in Costa Rica
Envision Festival: Costa Rica’s most exciting arts and music festival. Come experience 4 days or peace, love, yoga, and killer tunes on the beach in Uvita. Envision Festival usually takes place in late February every year. If you are in Costa Rica during this time, then you should absolutely come to this festival!
Bamboo Bass Festival: If you are a fan of Bass music, this festival will satisfy your burning desire for days of skull-pounding rhythms. Bamboo Bass takes place in Jaco beach in February.
Ocaso Underground Music Festival: This fest takes place in Tamarindo, Guanacaste at the start of January. Ocaso Underground spans three different venues with an impressive lineup of house and techno artists.
Costa Rica Street Food Festival: Love street food? Me too. Come on out and join the masses and eat until your heart’s content. This year it takes place at the Kölbi Center in Parque Viva.
Being a Responsible Backpacker in Costa Rica
Avoid eating at fancy gringo-owned restaurants. I don’t care how badly you want that lasagne and red wine. You make a choice with every dollar you spend. Try to spend your money in places where the experience is mutually rewarding.
I know it can be hard, but do your best to use the least amount of plastic water bottles that you can. Refill the ones that you do buy! Use a Steripen. Refill at your hostel! There are plenty of ways to reduce plastic!!!
Backpacking Costa Rica or any country for that matter often illuminates some of the great socio-economic inequalities of the world. Never take it for granted that you are healthy and financially able to go traveling. Show the world around you some gratitude and help to make a positive impact on it.
Reduce your plastic footprint: Perhaps the best thing you can do for our planet is to make sure you do NOT add to the plastic problem all over the world. Don’t buy one-use water bottles, the plastic ends up in landfill or in the ocean. Instead, pack a tough and cool travel water bottle. For every Active Roots water bottle sold, we donate 10% to PlasticOceans.org – an awesome initiative aimed at educating people on the risk of single use plastic and helping to clean up our oceans. Help save the planet, pick up a water bottle here.
Check out our post on how to be a responsible backpacker.
A Brief History of Costa Rica
Costa Rica’s egalitarian traditions have subsisted throughout its history. Even though the introduction of banana and coffee plantations in the nineteenth century gave rise to a small oligarchy, the nation has been able to maintain a strong middle class that sustains the nation’s democratic ideals.
The modern era of democracy in Costa Rica began after the elections of 1889, which are considered the first free elections in the country’s history. This democratic tradition has experienced problems only twice: once in 1917 and 1918 when Federico Tinoco declared his government a dictatorship; and again in 1948 when a disputed election brought forth a civil war in which more than 2,000 people lost their lives.
The most prominent Costa Rican of the modern era is probably Oscar Arias Sánchez, who was president of Costa Rica from 1986 to 1990, a significantly troublesome time in Central America, with disturbances in El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Panama. Although Costa Rica enjoyed peace within its borders, it was not insulated from regional conflicts.
The instability in the neighboring countries at this time discouraged investment and tourism. Moreover, the country experienced a flood of Nicaraguan and Salvadoran refugees, which drained the economy and burdened educational and health institutions.
Modern Day Costa Rica is a nation at peace. Fun Fact: Costa Rica has no standing army. Whilst it is true that the US would probably step in at a time of future conflict in the region, Costa Rica is one of the safest places to live or travel in Central or South America.
Final Thoughts on Costa Rica
I hope you have enjoyed this Costa Rica travel guide. You are now ready to get your boots on the ground and experience this magical country for yourself amigos! Backpacking Costa Rica was one of the most fun and rewarding times of my life. I remember finding myself thinking “damn, is this place for real?” whilst I was traveling there.
Yes amigos. Costa Rica is a real place. It is truly fucking paradise. I hope you love every minute of your time there!
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Need More Inspiration?
- Ultimate Guide to Costa Rica Hostels
- The Ultimate Backpacking Packing List
- The Best Way to Hide Money While Traveling
- Backpacking Central America Travel Guide
- Costa Rica Safety Guide
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