As one who’s traveled the world, I receive a fair amount of questions. One of the most common is “have you been backpacking in Italy?” Up until recently, my answer had been “nope and I have no desire to do so.” The reasoning for my lack of enthusiasm was that I imagined that Italy had been done a million times already. Because of its popularity, Italy had become cliched and shopworn.
It wasn’t until I met a wonderful Italian girl in 2017 that I would undoubtedly change my opinion.
After traveling to her homeland and visiting all of the spots that she grew up loving, I was a changed man.
Shit, was I wrong to think that Italy was completely without excitement.
This Italian journey(wo)man opened my eyes. We went to nearly-forgotten medieval villages, ate proper, home cooked Italian food, and visited places that I (as a foreigner) had never even heard of. I was, to say the least, very impressed.
DON’T let the exposure that Italy receives twist your perception – Italy, though heavily trafficked, is still full of hidden wonders and spectacular experiences. DO visit a winery and get your sommelier on, if not in Tuscany than Marche, which is way less appreciated. GO hiking in the Dolomites, which are some of the most breathtaking mountains on the planet. SEE the statue of David or the Colosseum – even the main attractions are justifiably worth-seeing.
If you are the type that likes to visit the lesser-known destinations, don’t worry; Italy still has plenty of secrets. In this travel guide for Italy, there will be an equal amount of popular and unknown locations suggested that will appeal to any backpacker. It’s my hope that you’ll come to adore them both.
Table of Contents
- Where to Go Backpacking in Italy
- Best Travel Itineraries for Backpacking Italy
- Places to Visit in Italy
- Backpacker Accommodation in Italy
- Top Things to Do in Italy
- Italy Travel Tips
- Staying Safe in Italy
- What to Pack for Italy
- Italy Travel Guide to Getting Around
- Italy Backpacking Costs
- Must Try Experiences in Italy
Where to Go Backpacking in Italy
There are a staggering amount of attractions and things to do in Italy! And there are even more options when it comes to where to stay in Italy. This country is saturated with action and culture; a culture that would make most nations look juvenile in comparison. Best of all: you have so many ways of seeing everything. There’s something for everybody in Italy, be it a relaxing vacation or a thrilling hunt for unknown destinations. It makes sense, now, as to why so many people fall in love with this country.
The beginning of this budget travel guide for Italy is meant to cover the many locations in depth. Within each feature, you’ll find tips, guidance, and directions to the nearest hostel. Afterwards, we’ll talk about the finer details of your Italian adventure. Subjects include Meeting the People, Sex, Drugs and Rock ‘n’ Roll, and Trekking. By the end of this article, you’ll have nearly everything that you need to begin an amazing backpacking trip through Italy.
So, let’s get to it.
Bellow is a list of four travel itineraries for backpacking Italy. They cover the regions of The Center, The North, The South, and Sardinia. They vary from one to three weeks in length and cover the majority of the top things to do in Italy. Whatever you Itinerary for Italy, you will find this guide helpful.
Backpacking Italy 14 Day Itinerary – The Center
See the center of Italy and some of its most culturally significant locations! This 14-day itinerary through Italy will take you to Rome, Tuscany, Florence, Cinque Terre, and Bologna.
Start in Rome and experience the magnificence of the “Eternal City.” See the Colosseum and the many piazzas spread throughout the historical center.
Afterwards, head north through the Tuscan countryside, visiting as many charming villages and rustic vineyards as you can. Eventually, you’ll end up in the capital of Tuscany, Florence. Florence is one of the most important cities in Italy and is full of history. If you’re sick of museums, take a trip out to Cinque Terre and get some much-needed beach time.
Finally, cross the Apennine Mountains and experience one Italy’s hidden gems: Bologna. Bologna has amazing food and some awesome parties – you won’t be disappointed.
Backpacking Italy 10 Day Itinerary – The North
For a slightly different experience, check out the engine of Italy: the industrialized North. This 10-day itinerary will allow you to see Milan, Turin, Genoa, and Venice. These cities are among the most economically important metropolises in both past and present Italy. This is one of the best ways to see Italy in only 10 days!
Starting in the affluent Milan, you’ll be able to see such delights as the grand Duomo and the Last Supper painting. Make a day trip out to Lake Como while you’re at for a little Riviera-esque action.
Next stop is Turin, the “royal” epicenter of Italy. Check out one of the many palaces or, conversely, visit an industrial museum. The Alps are right there as well so feel free to go hiking, skiing or whatever your outdoor fancy is.
Genoa is a short drive away from Turin and is a bit of a forgotten destination. This doesn’t mean that it isn’t worth visiting though! Spend a day or two in this port city and grub on some amazing cuisine.
Wrapping things up, travel east all the way to Venice, the Jewel of the Adriatic. Wander among the canals and bridges and feel the grandeur of one of the most beautiful cities in Italy.
Backpacking Italy 3 week Itinerary – The South
The south of Italy had might as well be a different country. (I think that the locals wish that it was.) This 3-week itinerary will lead you through some of Italy’s most beautiful landscapes and some of its most well-known cultural anomalies. Along the way, you’ll visit Naples, the Amalfi Coast, Puglia, and the whole island of Sicily.
Naples is the largest city in the south and full of interesting sites. Visit one of the many museums or, for a more interactive experience, the ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum. When you’re finished here, head to the nearby Amalfi Coast, which is one of the most beautiful places in Italy.
Heading south, you’ll arrive in the “heel” of Italy i.e. the region of Puglia. This is one of the most culturally diverse places in Italy and is full of wonderful eccentricities. See the strange trulli huts and then lounge on some fine coastline.
Your final stop is in Sicily, which is a large and wonderfully exciting island. Be sure to visit the bustling capital of Palermo, the gorgeous city of Catania, and everything in-between. You’ll probably end up spending half your trip here, and that’s ok.
Backpacking Italy 7 Day Itinerary – Sardinia
Many a trip to Italy neglects the islands which is a shame. Sardinia is, without a doubt, one the most spectacular islands in the world – it deserves at least a week to be visited! This 7-day itinerary through Italy’s own paradise will resemble a loop as it takes you to all of the top destinations in Sardinia.
Arrive in Cagliari or Olbia and begin your adventure there. Go trekking in the highlands of Gennargentu and the Gulf of Orosei. Explore the north of the island where most beautiful beaches are located. Spend a day or two in Alghero and be sure to drop by Neptune’s Grotto. No matter which direction you go in Sardinia, beauty awaits.
“All roads lead to Rome.” You’ll find yourself using this expression more than once while backpacking around Italy. For thousands of years, Rome has been one of the most important cities in Europe. It’s the center of all things in Italy and, arguably, the entirety of Western Civilization. Your trip to Italy is incomplete without a visit to Rome.
Rome is a huge metropolis that contains multiple districts and even a separate state within – Vatican City. I’ll cover most of the top things to do in Rome. Those who want more accommodation tips should check out our guide on where to stay in Rome.
The majority of Rome’s top attractions are located in the neighborhoods that compose the municipal region of the Historical Center-Prati. There are 21 rioni (districts) in the center – labeled with Roman numerals – and most have several historical sites to visit. You can refer to this map for a better visual.
A great itinerary for Rome would be to walk from Piazza del Popolo (Campo Marzio – R.XII) all the way to Aventine Hill (Testaccio – R.XIX). This route will require an entire day to complete.
Popular places that you’ll be visiting on this itinerary include the Spanish Steps (Campo Marzio – R.XII), Trevi Fountain (Trevi – R.II), Piazza Navona (Parione – R.VI), the Pantheon (Pigna – R.IX), Sant’Ignazio Church, Piazza Venezia (Campitelli R.X), the Roman Forum, and the Colosseo.
Those wanting to the see Vatican City and Castel Sant’Angelo (Borgo – R.XIV) – located across the Tiber River – should allocate another full day of walking. Must-see places in Vatican City are St. Peter’s Basilica, the Sistine Chapel, and the Vatican Museum.
End your long day(s) of walking with a drink at either Campo de’ Fiori or the Giardino degli Aranci. The latter is great spot to watch the sunset.
Florence is one the best cities to visit in Italy! In my opinion, it’s the most romantic destination in the whole country. It’s another must see on a trip to Italy.
The top things to do in Florence are mostly located in Santa Croce. Brunelleschi’s Dome, attached to the Cathedral of Santa Maria della Fiore, is the most magnificent sight in Florence. It rises prominently above the surrounding buildings and can’t be missed. You can climb the Dome for a fee or enter the cathedral free of charge. Buying a ticket for the dome will also give you access to the Cathedral’s other sites including the Baptistery and Giotto’s Tower.
Other must-dos in Florence include the various museums, the Mercato del Porcellino, and Palazzo Vecchio.
The most well-known Florentine museums are the Galleria degli Uffizi and Bargello. Between the two, you’ll be able to see some of the finest art in all of Europe! This includes the original David and Birth of Venus.
The Mercato del Porcellino is known for its brass statue of a boar. Legend has it that you’ll be granted a wish if you rub the swine’s snout and place a coin in its mouth at the same time.
Finally, Palazzo Vecchio is an important hub in Florence and often has several replicas of significant sculptures on display.
Adjacent to the Palazzo Vecchio is Ponte Vecchio, which is one the many covered bridges crossing the Arno that are characteristic of the city. Ponte Vecchio is the most famous bridge, while Ponte Santa Trinita and Ponte alle Grazie are also notable.
Across the Arno River and atop the hill of San Miniato is Piazzale Michelangelo. This is the best view in Florence! Grab a drink from a local vendor and watch the sunset here.
Check out our guide on where to stay in Florence here.
The region surrounding Florence is called Tuscany and it’s renowned for its pastoral landscape, charming villages, and top-notch wineries. To get the most out of Tuscany, I suggest renting a car. That way you’ll be able to see as many remote towns and wineries as you want without having to deal with the (inconvenient) buses in Tuscany.
The most popular cities in Tuscany are Pisa and Siena. Pisa is (obviously) most known for its Leaning Tower though there are other important sites around the Piazza dei Miracoli.
Siena is conveniently located in the center of Tuscany and is a great base to explore the surrounding countryside. The city is still worth exploring as it’s full of gorgeous medieval architecture.
The best part about Tuscany is the little towns though. These picturesque settlements dot the Tuscan landscape here and there – finding them is half the fun. Most were built hundreds of years ago and still have medieval fortifications. Driving around the countryside, all the way admiring the pastoral beauty of the region, is quite special.
Some of the best Tuscan villages are Volterra, San Gimignano, Montepulciano, Montalcino, Bagni San Filippo, and Chianciano.
While visiting these wonderful towns, be sure and stop by the many wineries in the region. Tuscan wine is some of the best and the vineyards here are considered some of the most significant in the world.
Most villages specialize in their own grape varieties. For example, Montalcino has Brunello, and Montepulciano has Vino Nobile. Distinguished Chianti comes from the region of the same name. Sangiovese is common in all parts of Tuscany. Here is a more complete list of Italian wines and their corresponding regions.
Check out my ultimate guide to the best hostels in Pisa here.
Backpacking Cinque Terre
Northwest of Florence is one of Italy’s premier destinations: Cinque Terre. Literally meaning “five lands,” Cinque Terre is a series of five coastal villages. Perched romantically upon cliffs overlooking the Mediterranean, these are among the most beautiful towns in Italy!
The five villages that compose Cinque Terre are Riomaggiore, Manarola, Corniglia, Vernazza, and Monterosso. Each town offers a slightly different experience but everyone is sure to knock your socks off. Get ready to meander around quaint seaside haunts and ancient stone walls, whose scale has been compared to the Great Wall of China.
There several beaches around Cinque Terre. Each village should have its own though they vary in size. Notable beaches outside of the towns include Guvano, Fossola, and Persico.
There are several ways to explore Cinque Terre. Public transport links all the villages via bus or train. Getting around by boat is possible but expensive. Driving your own car is not advised as the roads and parking can be maddeningly busy.
One of the best ways to experience Cinque Terre is by walking! You can hike from village to village and stay in each as long as you like. The area isn’t larger either – you could literally walk the entire route in a half-day. Refer to this guide for more information.
Lodging in Cinque Terre can be expensive. There are plenty of hostels around though, and I suggest booking them in advance. The best way to save cash is to use one of the many campgrounds in the area. Most of these camps are all outside of Cinque Terre proper but the area is so small that you could easily make daytrips and see all of the top sights.
Check out my ultimate guide to the best hostels in Cinque Terre.
Additional reading – Check out Cinque Terre’s 5 best neighborhoods to stay in!
Bologna is a bit of a local secret and receives far fewer visitors than its Tuscan neighbor. The city is most famous for its many porticos and hosting the oldest university in the Western world. Lesser known is Bologna’s thriving gastronomic culture and nightlife – both are some of the best in Italy.
The most popular landmarks inside of Bologna are the Towers of the Asinelli and Garisenda, the Fontana di Nettuno, and Piazza Maggiore.
Once, Bologna was filled with stone towers that (kinda) resembled modern skyscrapers. Today, only two remain: the Asinelli and Garisenda. When climbed, both provide great views of the entire city.
Piazza Maggiore is a hub that affords access to many of Bologna’s most important buildings including City Hall and the Basilica of San Petronio. This area is a convenient place to walk around and shouldn’t take too long.
Finally, the Fontana del Nettuno is considered a symbol of Bolognese identity. This fountain is a good place to take a break and maybe have a quick bite.
The best thing to do in Bologna is walk the Via San Luca. Starting at the Porta Saragozza, this porticoed path leads through one of the longest arcades in the world. The porticos are super photogenic and the final view from San Luca Sanctuary is stunning. Check out this post for even more inspiration on things to do in Bologna.
The evening is when Bologna truly comes alive. People crowd into eateries to sample some of the finest cuisine in Italy. You can find good food anywhere in Bologna. After dinner, the locals fill the streets and drink copiously. The awesomeness of Bologna’s after-hours has given it a reputation of being one of the best party cities in Italy. The top bars are around Piazza Verdi, Via Pratello, and Via Mascarella.
Want to stay in the party district or maybe somewhere more laidback? Decide on where to stay in Bologna before booking your hostel.
Looking for somewhere awesome to stay? Check out my ultimate guide to the 15 best hostels in Bologna!
Milan is Italy’s financial hub and champion of all things chique. The city consistently ranks as one of the most influential international cities in art, sport, fashion, business, you name. It is also one of the most expensive cities in Europe with a very rich economy and some of most successful enterprises on the entire continent. Backpackers will marvel at Milan’s extravagance but their wallets will shrivel from its prices.
The most important attraction in Milan is the impressive Duomo di Milano. This cathedral is one of the largest of its kind and one of the must-see places in Italy. Starting in the 14th Century, it took over 600 years to complete construction of the Duomo. To this day, it is one of the grandest examples of Italian architecture.
Other popular landmarks around Milan are the Castello Sforzesco, the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele, Church of Sant’Ambrogio, and the Cimitero Monumentale. Milan also has the honor of hosting one the most famous paintings in the world: the Last Supper. You can (briefly) view the all-mighty piece at the Santa Maria delle Grazie. Tickets are pricey and highly sought-after.
There are so many art galleries and museums in Milan. It’d take a herculean effort to see them all but it’d be a rewarding quest. Those who are up to the challenge can refer to these guides for a complete list of Milan’s galleries and museums.
If you’re wanting to get out of the city, then head to the idyllic Lake Como nestled in the Alps. This is a gorgeous alpine lake that has a Riviera-like vibe to it. Como is a wonderful break from urban life though not much of break from the exuberant prices. You can participate in many activities around the lake including kitesurfing, paragliding, canyoneering, and kayaking.
Located at the base of the Alps, Turin is one Italy’s most culturally and economically significant cities. It was once the capital of the first unified state of Italy and, to this day, still maintains an air of regality. Several prototypical Italian enterprises were started in Turin as well including the making of chocolate, cars, and Italian film.
Following World War II, Turin fell into relative obscurity. In recent years though, the city has undergone a renaissance of sorts and is as glorious as ever.
The most prominent feature in Turin is the Mole Antonelliana. Originally a synagogue, this monumental structure hosts the highest stone tower in Europe. Nowadays, the building is a museum for cinema.
Turin has a large number of royal palaces to visit. The most popular are the Royal House of Turin, the Palace of Venaria, and the Palazzo Carignano. Notice that the design of many of these places is more Baroque than Italian. This can be accredited to Turin’s proximity to the French border and to the tastes of the Kingdom of Savoy, which was a precursor to the first Italian Kingdom.
Outside of the city, there are plenty more royal retreats to visit. Head even farther – towards the Alps – and you’ll end up in the Aosta Valley, which is the gateway to the Gran Paradiso region. The skiing and hiking here is some of the best in Italy and the opportunity for adventure sport is just endless and awesome, really.
It should be mentioned that as you travel this far north in Italy, people’s personalities begin to change. The hot-blooded temperament found in the Mediterranean starts to give way to a more composed nature that is often found in Northern Europeans. Many southerly Italians will label northerners as “cold” or “rigid.”
Find out where the best places to stay in Turin are so you can be as close as possible to the attractions (or parties for that matter).
Like Bologna, Genoa remains pretty low under the radar. Many who are backpacking in Italy never really find a reason to visit this city. Despite its lack of attention, Genoa is one of the most important economic sectors in Italy. Its port is the busiest in the entire country and, historically, was the launching point of many of Italy’s greatest international expeditions.
Admittedly, there isn’t much in the way of tourist attractions in Genoa. The aquarium here is, notably, the biggest in Europe. There are a number of museums and mansions to visit here like the Palazzo Ducale, Palazzi dei Rolli, and Palazzo Spinola National Gallery. Most of these buildings are humble compared to the decadent residences of other Italian cities. None of this really matter though.
What makes Genoa really worthwhile is the fact that it appears so unabashed. The city maintains its tourism sector but it doesn’t bow down to the tourist in the way that perhaps Rome or Venice does. Genoa simply exists independently, and so it feels like a much more organic destination. You’ll have to go looking for your own version of Genoa and you’ll be glad you did.
Being spared the mass of tourists, many people like to think that Genoa is one of the most “Italian” cities in the country. Explore the city a little and you’ll quickly discover that all of the staples of good Italian living are present: excellent food, a strong sense of culture, and a wealth of opportunity. For these reasons, Genoa is one of the best cities in Italy to live in.
When you’re ready to move on, Genoa is conveniently located near the aforementioned northern cities, as well as Cinque Terre.
Read up on the best areas to stay in Genoa using our comprehensive guide.
Check out our guide to the best hostels in Genoa
“Ahhh, Venice.” Yes, I’m quoting Indiana Jones.
Locally referred to as La Serenissima (The Most Serene) and the Queen of the Adriatic, Venice is a jewel of a city that should be on everyone’s must-see list.
Venice is, by-now, a household name, known across the entire world for the magnificence of its civil engineering. The city of Venice is spread across 118 islands and each one is connected via a complex system of canals and bridges. The result is a city unlike any other. Venice is truly one of the most beautiful places in Italy.
Getting into Venice is a matter of taking public transport over the singular bridge connecting it to the mainland or by simply taking a boat. The latter is obviously more expensive but it can be way more convenient.
Cars are not allowed in the city. If you have one, you can park it at Tronchetto on the outskirts of Venice but the rates are super expensive. Just park on the mainland and take the bus – you’ll be glad you did. Once you’re in the city of Venice, it’s just a matter of walking.
There is lots to see and do in Venice. Attractions that can’t be missed are the Piazza San Marco, Doge’s Palace, and the Church of San Giorgio Maggiore. Try and visit all of Venice’s most loved bridges including the Bridge of Sighs and the Rialto. Finally, the Grand Canal of Venice probably affords the best views in the entire city.
Private gondola tours are available around the canals though these are more scenic than practical. The city’s public aquataxis, locally known as Vaporetto, are more affordable and sometimes more convenient. Travel passes for these last 1-7 days and vary in price.
Additional reading – Check out Venice’s 5 best neighborhoods to stay in!
Naples officially marks our entry into Southern Italy. This part of Italy thinks itself very independent from the rest of the country. Seriously, ask the locals – they’ll let you know what they think of their northern comrades in one manner or another.
Naples is one of the largest metropolises in Italy and is only a few hours drive from Rome. The city is well-known for many things like Napolitano pizza, Mount Vesuvius, and endemic crime. Ultimately, Naples is different from most European cities in a lot of ways.
The worthiest attractions in Naples are more towards the edge of the city, particularly in the Chiaia and Vomero districts, and in the area around the Piazza Bellini. Popular sites in Naples include the Royal Palace, Castel Nuovo, and Castel Sant’Elmo. The views from Sant’Elmo, in particular, are top notch.
Naples also has some of the most significant museums and galleries in all of Italy. The National Archaeological Museum hosts the largest collection of Roman architecture in the world and the National Gallery of Naples possesses some truly remarkable examples of Renaissance art.
Of course, no trip to Naples would be complete without a visit to the famous ruins of Pompeii and/or Herculaneum. Of legendary notoriety, Pompeii is a former Roman settlement that was decimated when local Mount Vesuvius blew. The blast was so swift and powerful that people were instantly encased in volcanic plaster. Visitors can still view the bodily remains today. Herculaneum suffered a similar fate to Pompeii though there are fewer bodies to speak of.
If you’re up to the challenge you can also climb the still-active Vesuvius! The hike isn’t terribly daunting though as there’s a road that goes up most of the volcano.
Additional reading – Check out Naples’ 5 best neighborhoods to stay in!
Backpacking the Amalfi Coast
South of Naples is the Amalfi Coast. Stretching from Sorrento to Salerno, the Amalfi Coast is some of the finest coastline in the whole of Italy. The grandeur of this region has attracted myriad international celebrities, both real and fictional. Truly, the Amalfi Coast is one of the must-see places in Italy!
The scene on the Amalfi Coast is this: picturesque towns hang upon cliffs that overlook the sapphire water of the Mediterranean Sea. The villages are painted a rainbow of colors and these are punctuated by the occasional hallowed duomo. Italian splendor at its finest.
There are thirteen villages on the Amalfi Coast. Each one offers its own unique charm. Furore is known for its fjord and ornate bridge, while Maiori is famous for having the longest beach. The most popular villages are probably Positano and Amalfi itself. Visit each one and discover their inimitable qualities.
If this is all sounding vaguely familiar, then you’re probably recalling Cinque Terre right now. These two regions are compared to one another quite often and many of those who are backpacking Italy end up choosing between the two. Truth be told, yes, both the Amalfi and Cinque are super similar. You could probably get away with just seeing one or the other.
There are a couple of differences between the Amalfi Coast and Cinque Terre, the biggest being that the latter has more hiking opportunities. There are trails in the Amalfi but they’re in the mountains and away from the coast.
Like Cinque, the Amalfi is best experienced without a car. Renting a scooter could be a fun and effective means of getting around if you’re a confident driver. Otherwise, buses service most of the villages.
For way to stay in Sorrento, check out this post on the best hostels in Sorrento.
The “heel of Italy” – Puglia – has been visited by a myriad of civilizations over the last couple of millennia. The Greeks, Byzantines, Turks, and even the vassals of the Holy Roman Empire have settled here. Thus, Puglia is one of the most culturally diverse regions in Italy. The dialects, here, are as varied as they are difficult to understand. The landscape – a combination of long beaches and sun-baked earth – is also drop dead gorgeous.
The capital of the Puglia region is Bari. It’s an important city that serves as the primary launching pad for the region and for the neighboring Adriatic nations. Most the local landmarks, like the Basilica di San Nicola and Palazzo Fizzarotti, can be found around the labyrinthian Bari Vecchia (Old City). If you are headed to the Balkans you can catch the overnight ferry from Bari to Bar in Montengro.
Brindisi is another important port where you can catch a ferry and commence backpacking Greece. The pure, whitewashed buildings of Brindisi are a staple of the region. Ostuni and Monte Sant’Angelo are also prime examples of this style.
One of the most striking architectural features of Puglia is the trulli. Trulli are stone huts with a conical roof. The appearance of these houses are quite surreal. You’ll mostly find these huts in the town of Alberobello.
The ocean around Puglia is a ridiculous azure hue and the blazing whites of the Pugilian buildings create a gorgeous juxtaposition with the water. The best coastlines in Puglia are around Lecce and Monopli. Polignano a Mare – which is close to Monopli – is one of the most beautiful beach towns in Italy and shouldn’t be missed.
History buffs may enjoy visiting Gallipoli, which was the site of one the most important military operations during World War I.
Sicily is like a furnace in many ways. Its summers can be oppressively hot. The locals have a fiery passion when comes to their heritage. Also, there’s an extremely active volcano – Mt. Etna – present. If I may say, Sicily is a “blast” to visit. (That will be the only pun, I swear.)
The capital of Sicily is bustling Palermo. Must-dos in Palermo include visiting the Catacombe dei Cappuccini and Quattro Canti, among other attractions. All of these obviously pale in comparison to the pleasure of eating ice cream in the morning though, which is a daily custom in Sicily. Palermo does suffer somewhat from its ongoing conflict with the mafia, who have a very real presence here – just don’t mention this to the locals.
The second most visited Sicilian city is Catania. Catania is home to some stunning Baroque architecture and the busiest university on the island. Catania has some solid beaches – La Plaja being the longest – and is the base for climbing the temperamental Mt. Etna. Most locals will say that Catanese cuisine is the best part of the city though.
Being an arc of ancient culture, Sicily is full of ruins, particularly those of the Greek variety. The most spectacular of archaeological sites are in Agrigento. The city itself is fairly uninspiring. The real draw is The Valley of Temples along the southern edge of the city. Here, you will find the remains of several Greek structures that are just as stunning as the Athenian Acropolis. For Grecophiles, this is one of the must-see places in Italy.
There is so much to do in Sicily: the charming village of Taormina, the Aeolian Islands; all are worth visiting.
Additional reading – Check out Sicily’s best neighborhoods to stay in!
Sardinia: the Italian’s idea of an “island paradise.” Sardinia is one of the most beautiful places in Italy, arguably more than Cinque Terre or the Amalfi Coast. The water of the Sardinian coast is the purest and most unimaginable blue. The interior of the island is fiercely rugged. Outdoorsy types will instantly fall in love with this stunning region.
Life in Sardinia is pretty slow and there isn’t a lot of nightlife. The locals have a reputation for being pretty insular as well – don’t expect many bubbly personalities here. This island will mostly appeal to lovers of nature and quiet.
The major cities of Sardinia are Cagliari, Olbia, Sassari. The first two are where the majority of the ferries arrive. These settlements serve as prime entryways for the rest of the island.
The most beautiful beaches in Sardinia are located in the north. These are, seriously, some of the best stretches of sand in the whole of Europe. The coast around La Maddalena, Costa Smeralda, Budoni, Santa Teresa di Gallura, Porto Istana, and the Bay of Orosei are all superlative. Other notable sites, like the multicolored village of Castelsardo and elegant Grotte di Nettuno, are also worth visiting.
The best hiking is towards the center of the island around the Gennargentu National Park. You can refer to the Trekking section for more details on trails in this area.
Sardinia can be hugely expensive, especially in the summer. Ferries tickets and lodging are both pricey. Camping will be the only option for many backpackers. Luckily, Sardinia has an extensive campground system. You can refer to this website for a complete list.
Live like a local and know where the best places to stay in Sardinia are!
Off the Beaten Path in Italy
At #5, Italy is one of the most visited countries in the world. You’d think and sometimes depress over the fact that there’s no where in the country where you can escape the tourist hordes. You’d be wrong though. There are parts of Italy that, I shit you not, are empty – not a soul in sight with socks and birkenstocks. With a little effort, you’ll be off the beaten path in Italy in no time.
Backpacking Eastern Italy
The East of Italy – composed of Umbria, Marche, and Abruzzo – is eerily devoid of foreigners. Hell, there are only a handful of hostels to be found in those last two regions combined. So what’s the deal?
The east of Italy is one of the least populated and untapped areas in the whole country. The potential that these regions have is astounding. The locals know this, as most of the tourists that visit are usually Italian. Any expat that’s been here either knows someone or has done a lot of digging.
Umbria possesses some very significant sites. Perugia is a lovely medieval town with a booming university that makes it actually really fun. Assisi is the birthplace of one of the greatest minds in history and its basilica is a priceless treasure of medieval art. Umbria is also the site for some the Romans’ greatest engineering accomplishments, like the man-made Cascata delle Marmore.
Marche has all the same characteristics that make Tuscany great – medieval villages, pastoral scenery, and great wine included. Notably, the former has more picturesque mountains – the Sibillini – and a more accessible coastline – the Adriatic. Recanati is one of the finest Italian towns that I’ve ever visited. The Beach of the Two Sisters – near Ancona – could give Sardinia a run for its money as well.
Abruzzo is unspoiled. Some have even described the region as one of “Italy’s last wilderness(s).” The mountainous parks of Gran Sasso and Maiella are full of hiking opportunities. Sulmona, Chieti, and Scanno are all enchanting medieval villages. The beaches of Abruzzo are no slouch either.
Visit any one these regions for a more intimate Italian experience.
Backpacking Southern Italy
Now we’re really in the middle of nowhere. The regions of Molise, Basilicata, and Calabria are some of the least talked about areas in Italy. Some Italians don’t even know where some of these destinations are.
Molise is the newest and probably most neglected region in Italy. It’s sometimes perceived as totally abject and is usually the butt of “wtf is Molise” jokes. To be honest, the attractions in Molise are pretty sparse.
This doesn’t mean that what Molise offers is shit though. One of Italy’s most beautiful archipelagos is the nearby Tremiti Islands, accessible by ferry from Termoli. This island chain is extraordinary and relatively untouched by mass tourism. Back on the mainland, Bagnoli del Trigno is a unique hilltop village that was actually partially cut out of a cliffside.
South of Molise is Basilicata, which, like the former, is relatively empty. Basilicata has received a little international attention though. The village of Matera was recently named the 2019 Cultural Capital of Europe. Abandoned Craco has served as a film set for several movies including the Passion of the Christ.
Other destinations in Basilicata are still hidden from the masses. Castelmezzano is a tiny village built defiantly at the base of the craggy Dolomiti Lucane. Melfi is home to a wonderful Norman castle.
Finally, we arrive at infamous Calabria, which seems to be every Italian’s favorite holiday spot. Calabria is well known amongst Italians (for good and bad) but it still evades foreign attention. The beaches here are probably the best on the mainland. Popular beach towns include Praia a Mare, Tropea, Capo Vaticano, and Pizzo. Scilla, Soverato, and Caminia maintain relative anonymity.
Backpacking Lesser Known Cities
There are so many cities in Italy that are worthy of visiting. Most visitors stick to the crowded favorites, which have been outlined in this guide already. If you’re sick of the endless tourists and want to get a taste of the alternative though, these oft-neglected locations make for a great detour.
Below is a list of some lesser-visited cities in Italy. Most of these are very accessible by public transit so you won’t have to rent a car. Also, note that the majority of these locations have multiple forms of backpacker lodging. I’ve included links to all of the relevant accommodation pages for your convenience.
|Destination||Region||Why Visit Here!?|
|Parma||Emilia-Romagna||The birthplace of heavenly Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese and Prosciutto di Parma. Both are superlatives of Italian food. Opera is also one of the local's favorite past-times here.|
|Ravenna||Emilia-Romagna||Host to some unique historical attractions - ruins from when the city was the proxy capital of the Roman Empire and the tomb of writer Dante Aligeri is also here.|
|Bergamo||Lombardia||Competitor for "Italy's prettiest hilltop town." Home to some lovely architecture.|
|Lago di Garda||Lombardia||A collection of lake towns really. Awesome alternative to Lake Como. Full of beautiful little beaches and some awesome outdoor activities.|
|Trieste||Friuli Venezia Giulia||Once powerful city, now forgotten. Being very close to Slovenia, it has a subtle Eastern European vibe.|
|Ragusa||Sicilia||Gorgeous old Sicilian village. Full of UNSECO buildings. Nearby beach is very nice as well.|
|Syracuse||Sicilia||An eclectic mix of ancient and modern with some impressive ruins and a dynamic culture.|
|Taormina||Sicilia||Beautiful hilltop village that is actually quite popular (and busy) with Italian tourists.|
|Treviso||Veneto||The "poor-man's Venice." Similar in design - with lots of canals - but hugely more affordable than Venice.|
|Verona||Veneto||Home of "Romeo and Juliet." Many tourists visit the city for this reason but few stay very long.|
Backpacking the Islands of Italy
There are a number of smaller islands in Italy that you can escape to should the mainland get dull. These have some the best beaches in Italy!
Nearly every island has a regular ferry schedule. If you have a car, you can bring it with you on the ferry but the prices for this service can be expensive. You can rent a car on some the larger islands if you’d like to have one.
Accommodation prices on these islands can also be pricey. Luckily there are plenty of campgrounds on all of the islands except Capri where camping isn’t allowed.
|Destination||Region||Why Visit Here?!|
|Capri||Campania||Island getaway that has been admired since the days of the Roman Empire. Tiberius famously used to conduct orgies here.|
|Ischia||Campania||Larger and only slightly less famous than Capri. Arguably more beautiful though. Has lots of therapeutic spas and springs.|
|Elba||Toscana||The fist "prison" of the exiled Napolean. Has some of the most beautiful beaches that are within a day's trip from the mainland.|
|Aeolian Islands||Sicilia||Gorgeous, rugged islands that have lots of outdoor opportunities.|
|Aegadian Islands||Sicilia||Striking sapphire water. Very lazy vibes here.|
Most of Italy’s major destinations will have several hostels to choose from and all of them are of exceptional quality. Italian hostels can be pricey at times though. When traveling away from the tourist hubs, hostels may also seem sparse at first but there should always be a hostelling option in these lesser-visited places. You’d have to venture pretty far to find an Italian destination without a backpacker lodge.
There are a number of other accommodation types in Italy though, from quaint bed & breakfasts to rural farm stays. The latter, in particular, is a great experience as they are fun, informative, and quite cheap.
If you’re really trying to travel around Italy on a budget, then couchsurfing will be one of your best options. This is a great way to meet some of the locals and experience a more intimate side of Italy too. If you’re backpacking Italy alone, you may even earn yourself a traveling companion or two.
Honestly though, the best way of sacking up in Italy is by camping. The Italian campgrounds are very well maintained and the vibes here can be fantastic. In the summer, when most of the lodges are full, a lot of Italians take to these campgrounds and the camaraderie between the campers is over-the-top. I loved camping in Italy, and so did my wallet.
To help you find the absolute best places to stay in Italy during your backpacking adventure, check out our in-depth article on the best hostels in Italy. There are some true hostel gems in there so give it a look!
|Location||Accommodation||Why Stay Here?!|
|Rome||Hostel Alessandro Downtown||Excellent service and location - between Termini Station and the Colosseo. Free aperitivos on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday evenings.|
|Florence||Emerald Fields||Located near train station. All of the main attractions are less than 15 minutes walk away.|
|Siena (Tuscany)||Siena Hostel Guidoriccio||Solid location and free breakfast.|
|Cinque Terre||Ostello Di Porto Venere||Conveniently located right in front of Portovenere trailhead for Cinque Terre.|
|Bologna||Ostello We_Bologna||Super modern hostel near train station. Large building w/ a huge kitchen plus a cafe.|
|Milan||Hostel Colours||A little bit outside of the city center but probably the best deal that you'll find in Milan.|
|Turin||Attic Hostel Torino||Cozy hostel located in a refurbished loft. Comfortable setting for any traveler.|
|Genoa||Manena Hostel||Very relaxed and unassuming hostel, much like the city it's located in.|
|Venice||Generator Venice||Spacious and stylish hostel located adjacent to the main island of Venice. Bar inside.|
|Naples||Giovanni's Home||One of the most admired hostels in Italy. Centrally-located and consistently receives high praise from guests.|
|Amalfi Coast||A Scalinatella||Located in village of Atrani. 10 minutes from the beach.|
|Bari (Southern Italy)||Olive Tree||First hostel in Bari and recipient of Hostelworld accolades. Bright spacious interiors.|
|Catania (Sicily)||Ostello degli Elefanti||Located in former Baroque palace. Beautiful building w/ an accessible rooftop.|
|Cagliari (Sardinia)||Hostel Marina||Centrally located hostel that was once a 16th century monastery.|
Top Things to Do in Italy
1. Experience the Glory of Rome
Rome may be one the most historically significant cities in the entire world. A walk in this city, around the monuments and ruins, is unlike any other. A trip to Italy isn’t a trip to Italy without Rome.
2. Relax in a coastal village
Visiting one of the little seaside towns is one of the quintessential Italian experiences. Go exploring and see if you can find a beach all to yourself.
3. Hike in the Dolomites
The Dolomites are some of the most beautiful mountains in Europe. Pack a bag and go for a multi-day trek among these imposing peaks.
4. Party in Bologna
Because of its amazing cuisine and raucous nightlife, Bologna is one the best cities in Italy! The greatest part: it’s a relative unknown amongst the international crowd.
5. Take a wine tour
Italy produces some of the best wine in the world. Drive around one the many wine regions in Italy – like Tuscany or Marche – and sample as many vintages as you can. When traveling Italy, you must take time to sample the good stuff.
6. Tour the canals of Venice
See why Venice is considered one of the best cities to visit in Italy! Walk amongst the canals and discover all the secret nooks that the city hides.
7. Visit a museum or gallery in Italy
Italy hosts some of the most important pieces of fine art in the world. Seeing the likes of the Last Supper or David is a once in a lifetime experience.
8. Get away to one of the islands
The best beaches in Italy aren’t on the mainland but on the surrounding islands. Catch the next ferry to anyone of them and know that you’re in the right place.
9. Climb a volcano
Italy is home to some of the most active volcanoes in Europe. Steel yourself, and climb up to the caldera of Etna or Vesuvius to stare into the smoky void.
10. Visit the Italian lakes
As well as classic cities, a gorgeous coast and mega mountains, Italy also has a few epic lakes. The most famous, and best Italian lakes, are Lake Garda and Lake Como which are often frequented by the rich and famous.
11. Visit a less popular city
Italy has its fair share of amazing cities – Rome, Florence, and Venice to name a few. There are way more lesser-known cities that worth seeing though like Genoa, Parma, and Syracuse.
Books to Read While Backpacking Italy
These are some of my favorite travel reads and books set in Italy, which you should consider picking up before you begin your backpacking adventure…
The Backpacker Bible – Get it for free! Learn how to ditch your desk and travel the world on just $10 a day whilst building a life of long-term travel with an online income. To inspire and help the next generation of Broke Backpackers, you can now grab ‘How to Travel the World on $10 a Day’ for free! Get your copy here.
Under the Tuscan Sun – One of the original travel novels that promoted Tuscany as a tourist destination.
I, Claudius – A semi-autobiographical novel concerning one of Rome’s most unlikely emperors, Tiberius Claudius, who witnessed the rise and fall of some the Empire’s most notorious figures.
A Farewell to Arms – One of Hemingway’s masterpieces. Illustrates the life of a pitiable soldier that fought in one of history’s most pitiable wars.
The Leopard – One of the most highly regarded historical novels in modern literature. Tells the story of a Sicilian aristocracy and the trials that it must face.
Gomorrah – The best-selling novel that seeks to expose the corruption and inner dealings of Naple’s major crime syndicate, the Camorra. Now a hit TV show.
If on a Winter’s Night a Traveler – Italo Calvino was one of the most influential writers of the 20th century. This novel is a collection of his most regarded short stories.
My Brilliant Friend – A triumph of Italian literature. The story of two friends as they try to live their lives in post-WWII Naples.
The Divine Comedy – One of the great literary classics. Follows the journey of Dante through Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven.
Lonely Planet Italy – It’s sometimes worth traveling with a guidebook. Despite Lonely Planet’s history of selling out and writing about places they haven’t been to, they’ve done a good job with Italy.
10 Italian Travel Phrases
Did you know that “certified Italian” is only spoken in the center of Italy – around Rome – and that there are, in fact, 34 other languages and dialects that are officially recognized? Yee, Italy sometimes has problems communicating.
Most Italians will comment on how they can’t understand their neighbors and how frustrating it is. A person from Milan would probably have a lot of difficulty when talking to a Sicilian because their dialects are so different. For those backpacking through Italy, this can make things difficult as a lot of the Italian that they’ve learned will become redundant depending on where they are.
There are, of course, certain staples of the Italian language that will always be universal though. Learning a few of them will be better than knowing nothing at all. Below, I have written the pronunciations for a few helpful Italian phrases with English translations.
If speaking Italian proves to be too difficult, English is still widely spoken in most of the larger cities and by the majority of the youth. Certain regions that share a border with another European nation will also speak more of that particular country’s language. For example, many people from the Valle d’Aosta region speak French while those from Trentino use a local dialect of German.
Staying Safe in Italy
While Italy is generally safe, probably the one hazard that everyone considers when backpacking in Italy is the mafia. Let’s clear a few things up.
Firstly: the term mafia isn’t an encompassing word – the mafia actually just refers to the Sicilian branch, which is officially named Cosa Nostra. Secondly: while organized crime in Italy is a very serious problem, they don’t target tourists all that much. Hell, you’ll probably be interacting with syndicate members regularly, and never know it.
Like any country with an exaggerated criminal presence, it’s best to just stay out of trouble. The only way that you’ll actually be affected by the Italian gangs is if you consciously get involved with them. So don’t worry too much about being the target of a “hit” or having your car blown-up – that stuff only happens in the movies.
Check out Backpacker Safety 101 for tips and tricks to stay safe whilst backpacking around Italy.
Pick yourself up a backpacker security belt to keep your cash safe on the road.
Check out this post for plenty of ideas on ingenious ways to hide your money when traveling.
I strongly recommend traveling with a headlamp whilst in Italy (or anywhere really – every backpacker should have a good head torch!) – check out my post for a breakdown of the best value headlamps to take backpacking.
Sex, Drugs and Rock ‘n’ Roll in Italy
When it comes to having fun, Italians are a bit nocturnal much like their Spanish neighbors. Most Italians will take their sweet time before hitting the town – first grabbing an aperitivo, then dinner, then a coffee, and only then will they kick into high gear. By the time they’re ready, it’s already past midnight. Those visiting Italy for the first time may find this process somewhat tedious.
Just because the Italians stay-up late doesn’t mean they necessarily drink more as well. In fact, most Italians are very regimented in their drinking habits. They start with a low-alcoholic drink and then slowly move up the ladder. If someone starts calling for shots though, then it’s serious party business.
Italians also love to drink in public spaces whenever possible. In the wee hours of the night, most of the squares (ironically those adjacent to the churches) will be packed full of people drinking negronis, limoncello, and sambuca. These moments are usually filled with conversation as opposed to drunken disorderliness.
If you find yourself in a social situation where you’re surrounded by merry locals, just be yourself and try not to get too wasted. Italians don’t care for drunks and it’s a quick way to alienate yourself, especially if you’re looking to hook-up. Just be confident and straightforward with them – they’re very receptive to this sort of behavior.
Drugs are dutifully illegal in Italy. If you wanted to score some, you’d best head to clubs. Be careful when soliciting though – many who are looking to buy drugs are taken advantage of and it’s quick to get in touch with the seedy underbelly of the criminal world. So just be careful, and know who you’re buying from.
Travel Insurance for Italy
A wise man once said that if you can’t afford travel insurance, you can’t really afford to travel – so do consider backpacker insurance sorted before you head off on an adventure! Traveling without insurance would be risky. I highly recommend World Nomads.
I have been using World Nomads for some time now and made a few claims over the years. They’re easy to use, offer the widest coverage, and are affordable. Also, this is the only company I know of that lets you buy travel insurance after leaving on a trip.
If there’s one insurance company I trust, it’s World Nomads. Find out why I recommend World Nomads, check out my World Nomads Insurance review.
Getting an estimate from World Nomads is simple – just click the button or image below, fill out the necessary info, and you’re on your way!
What to Pack for Italy
There isn’t really any social or religious stigma when it comes to dressing up in Italy. People wear comfortable clothes in the summer and dress warmly for the winter just like everywhere else. Packing light clothing in the summer is definitely a good idea as it can be very hot during this time in Italy.
The only requirement for dressing in Italy is that you need to look like you give a shit about your appearance. Fashion in Italy is a fairly serious affair. If an Italian is going to be seen in public, they’re going to make damn sure that they look clean and composed. I’ve even known locals to wear a suit and tie to the fucking doctor; I would usually wear a pair of sweats in this situation.
So in conclusion: wear whatever you feel most comfortable in but just make sure that it’s a decent outfit. If you have ratty-ass backpacker clothing (like the kind I wore after backpacking through Africa) make sure you limit how much you wear it. The locals will be much more receptive to a dapper individual.
If you’re looking for some tips, be sure to check out my full Italian packing list. Otherwise, consider bringing less with you and buying some clothes when you arrive. Fashion and accessories are among the must buy things in Italy!
Essential Items for Backpacking Italy
On every adventure, there are six things I never go traveling without:
1. Security Belt with Hidden Pocket: I never hit the road without my security belt. This is a regular looking belt with a concealed pocket on the inside – you can hide up to twenty notes inside and wear it through airport scanners without it setting them off. This is hands down the best way to hide your cash.
2.Travel Water Bottle: Always travel with a water bottle – it’ll save you money and reduce your plastic footprint on our planet. AR bottle are tough, lightweight and maintain the temperature of your beverage – so you can enjoy a cold red bull, or a hot coffee, no matter where you are. For every AR bottle sold, we donate 10% to PlasticOceans.org – an initiative to reduce plastic in our oceans!
3. Microfibre Towel: It’s always worth packing a proper towel. Hostel towels are scummy and take forever to dry. Microfibre towels dry quickly, are compact, lightweight and can be used as a blanket or yoga mat if need be.
4. Headtorch: Every backpacker should have a head torch! A decent head torch could save your life. If you want to explore caves, unlit temples, or simply find your way to the bathroom during a blackout, a headtorch is a must. Currently, I’m using the Petzl Actik Core rechargeable headlamp – an awesome piece of kit! Because it’s USB chargeable I never have to buy earth polluting batteries.
5.Hammock: Taking a tent backpacking is not always practical but hammocks are lightweight, cheap, strong, sexy (chicks dig hammocks) and allow you to pitch up for the night pretty much anywhere. Right now, I’m rocking an Active Roots parachute hammock – it’s light, colourful and tough.
6. Toiletry Bag: I always travel with a hanging toiletry bag as it’s a super efficient way to organise your bathroom stuff. Well worth having, whether you are hanging it from a tree whilst camping, or a hook in a wall, it helps to have quick access to all your stuff.
For plenty more inspiration on what to pack, check out my full backpacking packing list.
Best Time to Travel to Italy
Italy is subject to two distinct climates: a classic Mediterranean one in the south and a milder subtropical one in the north. Both have similar characteristics though having warm, dry summers and cool, wet winters. The best time to visit Italy is in the spring and autumn.
Summers in Italy can be really, really hot, especially in the south. Many locations, even those as far north as Bologna, can get well over 100 degrees Fahrenheit in the middle of August. When I was Florence in 2017, it was a season-high 112. Most of the population takes a siesta (or riposo in Italian) to beat the heat or to have lunch with their family.
Winters in Italy are pretty mild. In much of the country, winter may resemble autumn to many internationals as temperatures are still pretty comfortable and rainfall is only moderately heavier. Places of a higher elevation, like those near the Alps, Apennine, and various volcanoes do receive a respectable amount of snow still.
Autumn and spring are probably the loveliest times of year to visit Italy. The Italian spring is characterized by gentle rains and a lushness of the landscape. Pastoral areas, like Tuscany and Marche, are a brilliant green and in full bloom. Note that snow still lingers in mountains in spring and won’t clear until June.
Autumn can be quite similar to spring, though it’s less green and a little short; September is still baking hot sometimes. The harvest is in full swing though (wine!) and there are many festivals taking place. The best part about the autumn (and spring for that matter) is that there way fewer tourists. Prices will lower and the attractions won’t be as hectic.
Apps to Download Before Traveling to Italy
Maps.Me – Prone to getting lost or taking that ‘shortcut’ that adds another few hours onto a simple walk? This app is definitely for you. My favorite offline maps app, download your map, and route before you venture out to keep you on track while backpacking Italy.
XE Currency – I used this a lot when backpacking Italy. It is a great help while calculating expenses.
HIDE.ME – I always have a VPN ready to go on both my phone and laptop, I personally use Hide Me which is one of the fastest and most reliable options out there. This particular VPN allows for up to five connections which is handy for keeping all your devices connected without having to purchase multiple VPN packages.
BlaBlaCar – This is a great ride-sharing app that is popular in Europe. Use it to score cheap rides, and meet some awesome locals!
Italy Travel Guide to Getting Around
Being a European nation, Italy is very easy to enter and get around in. Customs is a breeze, transportation is efficient, and onward travel options are numerous. Those backpacking Italy should have little problem knowing where to go next.
Entry Requirements for Italy
Italy is a part of the Schengen Zone, which is a trans-European agreement enabling visa-free travel between participating nations. The Schengen agreement is an extremely convenient means of entry for those backpacking Europe. You can easily cross the border from Italy to any neighboring country and receive little to no attention from authorities.
Those who reside in the Schengen Zone only need an EU ID card to enter a neighboring country. All other world nations require a passport.
Most non-EU nations can qualify for a 90-day visa that is valid in any participating European nation. There are always exceptions though, so be sure to check the official website before you start backpacking in Europe.
See here for a list of all European nations in the Schengen Zone. Remember that not every nation in Europe is a part of this agreement.
How to Travel in Italy
Italy has a very expansive public transportation system. You can get just about anywhere via bus or train.
Buses are cheap, comfortable, and ubiquitous. You can buy a ticket at a local shop or ticket office but your best bet would be to use an online resource. Omio (formerly Go Euro) is my go-to source for all things bus-related in Europe, and this extends to Italy. They scour over 800 transport providers to offer mobile bus and train tickets across Europe.
Also like the rest of Europe, train travel can be an varied experience with multiple classes and departure options. Regional trains are the most affordable type of locomotive travel and usually take a bit more time. High-speed trains are quicker and more expensive, servicing only extra-city routes like Rome-Milan or Bologna-Florence. Like buses, it’s best to buy a ticket ahead of time, preferably online.
Renting a car is a great way to explore Italy at your own pace. You can sort your car rental here in just a few minutes. Booking in advance is the best way to ensure you score the lowest price and your choice of vehicle. Often, you can find the best car rental prices when you pick up the rental from the airport.
Make sure you also purchase a RentalCover.com policy to cover your vehicle against any common damages such as tires, windscreens, theft, and more at a fraction of the price you would pay at the rental desk.
Italian highways are very modern and navigable. Italians drive on the right side of the road. Try to avoid driving in cities where congestion becomes a problem. Some, like Florence and Venice, won’t even allow vehicles in the center.
Note that drivers can be subject to a lot of fees. Toll gates are numerous and almost unavoidable while driving on the main highways. Traffic cameras are also ubiquitous and will ticket you for even the most minor of infractions. Fuel is also quite expensive in Italy by European standards, so much so that many Italians have resorted to driving alternative fuel vehicles that use methane and electricity.
Hitchhiking is very difficult in Italy. Most Italian drivers won’t even bother to stop unless, for some reason, they know you. If you do get a ride, it’s probably because a fellow tourist has taken pity on you.
Campervan Hire in Italy
A great way to backpack Italy is with a van. Campervans are awesome. Few things in life get me as excited as a good road trip in a campervan. Traveling in Italy by campervan is bound to be a fantastic experience. Renting a campervan in Italy is easy too.
There are so many off the beaten path adventures to be had in Italy. Campervan hire is your key to adventure (and comfort)!
Onwards Travel from Italy
Italy shares friendly borders with nearly every country in its vicinity and these can be crossed via plane, train, automobile, ferry, you name it.
Those coming and going from one of the Schengen countries will have the least trouble crossing borders. Buses and trains link Italy directly with France, Switzerland, Austria, and further to Germany, and Spain.
Those who want to go backpacking in Italy and, afterward, Greece should utilize one of the many convenient ferries that cross the Adriatic Sea. Most maritime services will drop you off in the (stunning) Ionian Islands or at Patras on the mainland. Ferries also link Italy with other non-Schengen Adriatic countries like Croatia, Albania, and Montenegro. Birindisi and Bari are the most obvious ports.
Note that if backpackers want to travel to and from Eastern Europe, then they’ll have to use the bus. There are no direct train lines between Italy and this part of Europe. Slovenia is the only Eastern European nation that shares a border with Italy and those traveling by land will have to pass through it. Slovenia is fucking gorgeous though so don’t fret too much. Other Eastern nations further abroad, like Hungary, Serbia, and Romania should be convenient enough.
Whatever your Italy backpacking route, the country can be as cheap or expensive as you make it. Yes, you’ll spend your money much quicker if you eat out often, party a lot, and stay in private hotel rooms. With proper budgeting habits though, those backpacking Italy can limit their expenses and, in turn, stay longer in this gorgeous country. Hell, those who are very strict with their money might even get by on $10 per day.
Doing Italy on a shoetring is difficult but you can do it semi cheap. A comfortable budget for backpacking Italy would be around $50-$60 per day. Accommodation will eat most of your cash as most hostels cost around $15-$30 depending on the season. A restaurant meal will cost on average $15 while a panini or snack will be around $4. Most alcoholic drinks will also be around $5-$8, again, depending on when and where you are.
There are lots of ways of saving some cash if you’re backpacking around Italy. Here are some tips and tricks for saving money.
- Go camping – camping is by far the cheapest way of sleeping.
- Couchsurf – it’s very popular in Europe.
- Cook at home – Italian groceries are cheap and of a high quality.
- Buy your own wine – bottles are usually $5.
- Try ride sharing – most of the time, BlaBlaCar will be your cheapest transportation option.
- Find free stuff – there are plenty of free things to do in the cities. Check this guide out here for a good start.
- Backpack with friends – you’ll end up splitting costs.
Like most tourists hotspots, Italy is subject to substantial seasonal rates. Backpacking in Italy during the summer when every other nation is on vacation will definitely be more expensive. Those that really want to travel to Italy on a budget should visit from October-March when prices will be much lower.
Money in Italy
Italy uses the Euro, which is accepted in over twenty-four European nations. As of March 2018, the Euro’s conversion rate is 1=1.22 US dollars.
ATMs and banks can be found throughout Italy. You should never have a problem withdrawing cash. Most ATMs charge a fee for converting currency. I always suggest getting a zero foreign transaction fee card, like a Quicksilver Visa or a Charles Schwab card, to alleviate these extra costs.
Top Tips for Broke Backpackers
Camp: Whatever your Italy backpacking route, there should be plenty of gorgeous places to camp. Italy can be a great place to camp in the rural areas. While wild camping is illegal in Italy, you can still find some pretty remote places to camp for free. Check out this post for a breakdown of the best tents to take backpacking. Or, if you’re feeling really adventurous and want to save some cash, consider picking up a backpacking hammock.
Cook your own food: If you are on a tight budget, you can save money by cooking your own food – I recommend bringing a portable backpacking stove.
Book your transportation early: Both plane and train tickets are much cheaper if you purchase them in advance.
Couchsurf: Italians are awesome, and I am so grateful I was able to explore its cities with local friends. Check out Couch surfing to make some real friendships and see this country from the perspective of locals.
Pack a travel water bottle and save money every day!
To learn how to travel the world on $10 a day, check out the backpacker’s bible.
Joining an Organized Tour in Italy
For most countries, Italy included, solo travel is the name of the game. That said, if you are short on time, energy, or just want to be part of an awesome group of travelers you can opt to join an organized tour. Joining a tour is a great way to see a majority of the country quickly and without the effort that goes into planning a backpacking trip. However—not all tour operators are created equal—that is for sure.
G Adventures is a solid down-to-earth tour company catering to backpackers just like you, and their prices and itineraries reflect the interests of the backpacker crowd. You can score some pretty sweet deals on epic trips in Italy for a fraction of the price of what other tour operators charge.
Check out some of their awesome itineraries for Italy here…
Volunteer in Italy
Long term travel is awesome. Giving back is awesome too. For backpackers looking to travel long-term on a budget in Italy whilst making a real impact on local communities, look no further than Worldpackers. World Packers is an excellent platform connecting travelers with meaningful volunteer positions throughout the world.
In exchange for a few hours of work each day, your room and board are covered.
Backpackers can spend long periods of time volunteering in an awesome place without spending any money. Meaningful life and travel experiences are rooted in stepping out of your comfort zone and into the world of a purposeful project.
Worldpackers opens the doors for work opportunities in hostels, homestays, NGOs, and eco-projects around the world. We’ve tried and approved them ourselves – check out our Worldpackers in-depth review here.
If you’re ready to create a life-changing travel experience and give back to the community, join the Worldpackers community now. As a Broke Backpacker reader, you’ll get a special discount of $20. Just use the discount code BROKEBACKPACKER and your membership is discounted from $49 a year to only $29.
Travel Italy for Free
Are you a native English speaker looking to earn cash whilst traveling the world? Teaching English online is a great way to earn a consistent income—from anywhere in the world with a good internet connection. Depending on your qualifications (or your motivation to obtain qualifications like a TEFL certificate) you can teach English remotely from your laptop, save some cash for your next adventure, and make a positive impact on the world by improving another person’s language skills! It’s a win-win! Check out this detailed article for everything you need to know to start teaching English online.
In addition to giving you the qualifications to teach English online, TEFL courses open up a huge range of opportunities and you can find teaching work all over the world. To find out more about TEFL courses and how you can teach English around the world, read my in-depth report on teaching English abroad.
Broke Backpacker readers get a 35% discount on TEFL courses with MyTEFL (simply enter the code BACKPKR), to find out more, please read my in-depth report on teaching English abroad.
Whether you are keen to teach English online or looking to take your teaching game a step further by finding a job teaching English in a foreign country, getting your TEFL certificate is absolutely a step in the right direction.
Internet in Italy
Internet is Italy is widespread and very reliable. You can find WiFi in most cafes and public spaces with little trouble. Some of the more remote regions of Italy have slower internet speeds but, relatively speaking, these connections are still quite fast. Internet will, obviously, be faster in the larger cities.
Must Try Experiences in Italy
Meet the People in Italy
You can’t backthrough Italy and not form some kind of an impression about the people. Italian behavior is, by now, well documented by popular culture. The close-talking, the animated body language, the frankness of the conversation – most of these stereotypes are actually pretty spot-on.
When interacting with an Italian, the first thing that you may notice is that they have little regard for personal space. They will make physical contact quite casually with others e.g. put a hand on your shoulder or kiss a cheek. Keep an eye out for their gestures as well as Italians throw around their arms and hands in an overly excited way sometimes. Don’t feel threatened – it’s just how Italians communicate.
Like many European cultures, Italians are also quite direct when speaking. If an Italian wants to say something, they’ll say it an as few words as possible and without caring if it’s perhaps offensive. Conversely, if an Italian doesn’t want to say anything at all, then they’ll do just that – there’s no small talk in this nation. For some more socially sensitive cultures, this can appear as rudeness but most Italians mean well when they behave as such.
Because of their directness, Italian men may appear overly machismo or degrading when they interact with women. To be honest, most Italian men that I’ve met are actually very respectful of the opposite sex. It’s only a few bad apples that get the attention and, in defense of Italian men, every country has asshole dudes.
At the end of the day, Italians have a pretty good sense of humor when it comes to their idiosyncrasies. Don’t be afraid to talk to them about their behavior as they love to explain themselves. If it means anything, my girlfriend (who’s about Italian as they come) loves this video:
What to Eat in Italy
Most of the Italian food that foreigners eat is pretty generic and bland. Those visiting Italy for the first time will be happy to hear that the authentic stuff is much better and totally worth it; actually, it’s fucking fantastic.
The key to good Italian cooking is using limited ingredients. Don’t call Italian food simple though – it’s really amazing how diverse the cuisine can be with so few parts. Most dishes only have 3-4 components and using anymore is considered overkill. As one Italian put it while they were watching me make a meal with 5+ ingredients: “you’re shitting outside of the toilet.”
Pasta is, of course, one the most popular Italian dishes and it’s classically served for lunch. Pizza is widely adored though some Italians are irritated by tourists’ constant request for them. Here’s a tip to avoid the local’s ire: don’t order pizza at a restaurant; order one at a pizzeria. Italians only eat pizza in pizzerias.
These are only the basic food groups though. There are hundreds (maybe thousands) of Italian dishes hailing from every corner of the country. Each corner of Italy will have its own version as well i.e. pizza in Naples is very different from pizza in Milan.
Cooking is an integral part of Italian identity. One could easily spend their entire journey dedicated to just exploring Italian cuisine and they would be better off than most. For those that are ready to begin their culinary expedition, I’ve created a list of ten of the must-try foods in Italy. Each item is followed by the region that it originated from.
Popular Italian Dishes
Tortellini (Emilia-Romagna) – pasta dumplings stuffed with ricotta and acacia flower.
Frico (Friuli Venezia Giulia) – baked dish w/ cheese and potatoes.
Lagane (Basilicata) – wide pasta w/ chickpeas, garlic, and oil.
Pizza Napolitana (Campania) – pizza made (specifically) with San Marzano tomatoes and Mozzarella di Bufala.
Orecchiette (Puglia) – pasta that resembles a “small ear.”
Pilao (Sardinia) – rice prepared with various ingredients; similar to pilaf.
Pasta con sarde (Sicilia) – pasta w/ sardines, raisins, pine nuts, fennel, and saffron.
Risotto (Milano) – slow cooked rice w/ butter, saffron, and produce.
Strudel (Trentino) – made w/ apples, pine nuts, raisins, and cinnamon.
Abbacchio (Lazio) – pan-fried meats w/ herbs, olive oil, and white wine.
Polenta (Valle d’Aosta) – boiled cornmeal that is then pressed into blocks.
Bisi (Veneto) – rice and peas.
Olive all’Ascolana (Marche) – fried olives that are stuffed w/ meats.
For Italian cooking classes, check out this site for awesome deals.
Festivals in Italy
Italy has a good mix of religious, cultural, musical, and agricultural festivals. Regardless of the type of celebration though, Italians go all out and the festivities can get absolutely nutty at times! People throwing fruit at each other, neighborhood gangs getting in turf (fist) fights, thousands crowding into streets while dressed like jesters – these are just a few tastes of how Italians celebrate.
If you want to attend an Italian festival, steel yourself and prepare for the ride of your life!
Carnevale (February/March) – Italy’s own carnival. Venice’s version is most famous as everyone dresses in masks and harlequin-like outfits.
Battle of the Oranges (February/March) – The largest food fight in Italy! Takes place in Ivrea.
Festa della Sensa (May) – Celebration that commemorates Venice’s relationship with the sea. The waters around Venice are packed with civilian boats that range from dingy to epic in appearance.
La Corsa dei Ceri (May) – One of the greatest religious processions in Italy. Honors Saint Ubaldo, and is held in Gubbio
Umbria Jazz (July) – One of the most important jazz festivals in the world. Takes place in Perugia. There’s also a winter version held in Orvieto.
Palio di Siena (August/September) – Rival neighborhoods in Siena meet and compete in various competitions, most well-known being horse races. Can be quite energetic.
Gelato Festival (September) – Festival that celebrates all things gelato. You’re welcome.
Harvest Sagre (October-November) – The autumn harvest and food festivals. Nearly every region holds their own around this time.
Musica dei Popoli (October/November) – A large festival that showcases alternative and folk Italian music. Held in Florence.
Club to Club (November) – A large electronic festival held in Turin.
Trekking in Italy
There are plenty of trekking opportunities spread throughout Italy. You can go for a walk along some awesome coastal trails or through some world-class mountain landscapes. There’s a path for everyone here in Italy.
Camping is mostly done in official campgrounds. Wilderness backpackers can bivvy in some places so long as they’re very respectful. Wild camping is technically illegal in Italy but most bystanders will look away if you do the following.
- Set up your bivvy late, break down early.
- Stay only one night in each location.
- Leave no trace.
- Don’t bivvy within 50 ft of water
- Stay out of sight
At the end of the day, if you’re cautious and considerate, you’ll be ok while wild camping.
I always suggest getting a sturdy backpack as well. My first backpack was a cheap one. Though it lasted a respectable amount of time, it would eventually be held together by duct tape and carabiners. Needless to say, it was far from waterproof.
Take my advice: invest in a quality backpack because by the end of your trip you’ll be wearing it so much that it’ll become an extension of your own body. You want the best.
I suggest the new Osprey Aether AG 70 backpack, which you can read about here, and don’t forget to consider a daypack as well. A good daypack will be just as useful during your day-to-day activities and should slide nicely into your larger backpack.
Trekking in the Dolomites
The Dolomites are some of the most stunning mountains in the world! A subsection of the Alps, the Dolomites are characterized by their jagged carbonate peaks that often resemble towers, teeth or even talons.
The Dolomites is a mecca for outdoors enthusiasts who want to backpack through Italy. There are thousands of trails crisscrossing this region and hikers can spend weeks in the mountains here.
The Dolomites benefit from an awesome public transport system. You can get to just about any trail with a bus, which eliminates the need for a car. Once you’re in the mountains, you’ll obviously have to hoof it from camp to camp.
Accommodation usually comes in the form of rifugi, which are essentially mountain huts. These huts offer bunk beds and, depending on what you paid, 1-3 meals a day. The food of the rifugi, which is a mix of Italian and German cuisine, is surprisingly delicious.
Rifugi can be expensive at $50-$100/night. Those who want to save some cash can bivvy so long as they do so in an inconspicuous manner. Wilderness backpackers will probably have to pack their own food as well because the rifugi usually have only enough food to feed their guests.
For those who want to learn more about the Dolomites, I suggest picking up this book. It’s one of the most informative ones that I’ve found.
Trekking in the Gran Paradiso
The Gran Paradiso offers hikers a more classic Alpine experience: broad peaks, gorgeous meadows, and wide valleys. This is Italy’s oldest national park and one of it’s finest.
The symbol of the Gran Paradiso is the mountain ibex, who live in the park. These animals were on the list of threatened species in the late-19th Century. Since the founding of the park, the population of the ibex has steadily stabilized.
Entrance to the Gran Paradiso is usually via the Aosta Valley, north of Turin. There are buses and trains widely available from Turin.
Accommodation here is very similar to the Dolomites. There are less rifugi and, overall, less infrastructure here though. You can still do many of the hikes while relying upon the mountain huts but there will be fewer options and flexibility.
The official website for the Gran Paradiso offers a wealth of information, from how to arrive to walking trails to local flora and fauna. You can visit the site here.
Trekking in the Apennine Mountains
The Apennine Mountains are located in the center of Italy and stretch from Genoa to Calabria. Spread across this mountain chain are several different national parks that offer great hiking opportunities.
The Sibillini Mountains, located in the Marche region, are not as tall as the Alps or as dramatic as the Dolomites – the landscape of the Sibillini is slightly gentler and very pastoral. The wildflowers and meadows here can be spectacular though. The Sibillini is also much, much quieter compared to the Alps. Those interested in walking here can refer to this webpage outlining all the most popular trails in the area.
South of the Sibillini is Gran Sasso in Abruzzo. The highest peak in the area is Como Grande, whose distinct profile is often seen from miles away. Despite having prime conditions for hiking and skiing, the Gran Sasso receives very few visitors. This is very surprising considering that the park is only a few hours drive from Rome. You can refer to this guide for more information on Gran Sasso.
Trekking in Sardinia
Sardinia is an amazing place to go hiking! The island’s rugged topography combined with the stunning beauty of the Mediterranean coastline makes for one of the most thrilling experiences that you can have in Italy.
Hiking in Sardinia is mostly centered around the central-east coast in the Gennargentu Park and Gulf of Orosei. The Gennargentu is a mountainous region that is one of the oldest geological sites in Europe. The stone here – consisting of limestone, schist, and granite – is quite smooth as is common with older rock.
The Gulf of Orosei is a spectacular section of coastline at the foot of Gennargentu. This area is gorgeous if not difficult to access by motor vehicle. Hiking will be your only means of seeing this coastline and it is some of the best in Europe. The long walks through the tedious terrain will be well rewarded when you reach beaches like Cala Goloritzé or Spiaggia di Cala Mariolu.
Hikers who would like more information can refer to this article to get started.
Trekking in Sicily
Much like Sardinia, Sicily offers some great walks that go from sea to sky, the latter coming in the form of active volcanoes!
The best place to go hiking in Sicily is around the Aeolian Islands where you’ll get a good mix of beach and mountain trails. Stromboli, the local volcano, is the most popular trek here as hikers are afforded the chance of seeing an active crater, noxious fumes and spitting lava included. Those looking for something more pleasant will find plenty of beauty along the coastline outside of Lipari.
More great trails can be found around the Vendicari Reserve, Zingaro Reserve, and Mt Etna. Interested backpackers can head to this website for a brief overview of several Sicilian hikes.
Scuba Dive Italy on a Liveaboard Trip
Love Scuba Diving? Taking a Liveaboard trip in Italy might just be the thing for you.
For diving lovers, there might not be a better way to get the full Italian diving experience than joining a Liveaboard trip.
On a Liveaboard trip you spend your days exploring the best dive sites in any given area. Nights are spent eating tasty food and socializing with fellow dive maniacs.
Be sure that in Italy, Liveaboard trips are not the cheapest endeavors. That said, a Liveaboard trip is the way to go if you are looking to spend a chunk of time diving and exploring.
Being a Responsible Backpacker in Italy
Reduce your plastic footprint: Perhaps the best thing you can do for our planet is to make sure you do NOT add to the plastic problem all over the world. Don’t buy one-use water bottles, the plastic ends up in landfill or in the ocean. Instead, pack a tough travel water bottle.
Go and watch A Plastic Ocean on Netflix – it’ll change how you view the plastic problem in the world; you need to understand what we are up against. If you think it doesn’t matter, get off my fucking site.
Don’t pick up single use plastic bags, you’re a backpacker – take your daypack if you need to go to the shop or run errands.
Bear in mind, that many animal products in countries you travel through will not be ethically farmed and won’t be of the highest quality. I’m a carnivore but when I’m on the road, I only eat chicken. Mass-farming of cows etc leads to the rainforest being cut down – which is obviously a huge problem.
Recently, my gear-venture, Active Roots has started to sell water bottles. For every Active Roots water bottle sold, we donate 10% to PlasticOceans.org – an awesome initiative aimed at educating people on the risk of single use plastic and helping to clean up our oceans. Help save the planet, whether you take an Active Roots bottle or not – TAKE RESPONSIBILITY for your plastic footprint, don’t be a dick.
Need more guidance? – Check out our post on how to be a responsible backpacker.
Italy is a relatively open-minded country. Yes, it can be pretty dogmatic and, yes, the locals can appear intimidating at times (because they’re so goddamn stylish). If you treat everyone with respect and dignity though (as you always should) then you’ll be accepted with open arms.
Just remember my usual harping advice: don’t be an asshole on holiday – drink only what you can handle, be respectful, and don’t be a shit stirrer.
Brief History of Italy
The history of Italy is one of the most impressive sagas in human civilization. Most people know of Italy’s greatest contributions like the Roman Empire and Renaissance. Oddly enough though, the history of modern Italy isn’t discussed much for one reason or another.
The current state of Italy can be traced back to the 19th century when the various Italian states, who had been warring for almost half of a millennia, began to unify. Under a collection of ambitious individuals – including Victor Emmanuel II and Giuseppe Garibaldi – Italy would be whole again for the first time in ages.
Neighboring France played a large role in the Risorgimento (Revival) of a unified Italy thanks to the French Revolution, which inspired many revolutionaries, and to the foreign aid that they provided, which helped Italy overcome costly wars against Austria. When Rome was retaken in 1870, the Risorgimento was complete and the Kingdom of Italy was born.
For the next forty years, Italy would undergo a process of reorganization in an attempt to join the modern world. At the onset of World War I, they had, ultimately, done a very poor job and were extremely ill-equipped. After famously bowing out of the conflict, things got worse for the country.
Fascism rose in the wake of WWI. Benito Mussolini became the most powerful man in the country and quickly allied himself with Adolf Hitler. Long story short: World War II kicked-off, and we all know how that ended up.
Since WWII, Italy has struggled in its attempts to recapture its former glory. There have been moments of great prosperity but these have been tarnished by greater economic hardship, corruption, and political dissonance. At the moment, Italy’s current political state is still a bit of a question mark.
Italy in 2018
Italy’s one of those rare countries that lives up to its grandiose reputation. Everything here is justifiably hyped – the food is amazing, the people are a riot, the history is vibrant, and the landscape is drop-dead gorgeous. Sounds like makings of a brilliant trip, right?
Backpacking Italy will be one of the best times of your life. You’ll be able to choose from a myriad of attractions and, at times, face some pretty harrowing prices. Stick with this budget travel guide to Italy though, and you’ll be armed with everything that you could possibly need.
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Need More Inspiration?
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- Where to Stay in Pisa
- Weekend in Italy
- Where to Stay in Siena
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Ralph is a former manager in the hospitality industry turned wild child. With a desire to experience all things unconventional, Ralph enjoys visiting the lesser-known landscapes of the world and has ended up in some pretty strange and wonderful places. Recently, he spent eight months travelling around Africa, the Middle East, and Europe, spending as much time as possible in the wilderness and doing everything to avoid the crowds.